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Number of deaths among HIV-infected adults in France in 2000, three-source capture–recapture estimation

  • C. LEWDEN (a1), E. JOUGLA (a2), A. ALIOUM (a3), G. PAVILLON (a2), L. LIÈVRE (a4), P. MORLAT (a1) (a5), D. SALMON (a6), T. MAY (a7), G. CHÊNE (a1) and D. COSTAGLIOLA (a3)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 May 2006

We estimated the number of deaths in France for the year 2000 in HIV-infected adults using three sources. The sources were (1) the ‘Mortalité 2000’ survey (M2000): 964 deaths were documented by 185 hospital wards involved in HIV management; (2) 1288 death certificates with a mention of HIV infection (INSERM-CepiDc) and (3) the French hospital database on HIV infection (FHDH) identified 654 deaths. The capture–recapture method was used with log-linear modelling. Overall 1559 deaths were observed. Estimation of the number of deaths in France was 1699 (95% CI 1671–1727). The completeness of M2000, CepiDc and FHDH were 55%, 76% and 38% respectively. Diversification of diseases and of causes of death in HIV-infected adults may explain: (1) the diversification of physicians involved in their management and incomplete coverage of M2000 and FHDH, and (2) why HIV infection was not mentioned in all death certificates.

Corresponding author
ISPED-INSERM U593, 146 rue Léo-Saignat 33076 Bordeaux cedex, France. (Email:
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Epidemiology & Infection
  • ISSN: 0950-2688
  • EISSN: 1469-4409
  • URL: /core/journals/epidemiology-and-infection
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