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    Ramsay, Colin N. Wagner, Adam P. Robertson, Chris Smith, Huw V. and Pollock, Kevin G.J. 2014. Effects of Drinking-Water Filtration onCryptosporidiumSeroepidemiology, Scotland. Emerging Infectious Diseases, Vol. 20, Issue. 1, p. 71.


    Chalmers, Rachel M. Elwin, Kristin Cheesbrough, John Hadfield, Stephen J. and Beeching, Nicholas J. 2013. Detection of IgG antibodies in sera from patients with Cryptosporidium parvum and Cryptosporidium hominis. Journal of Infection, Vol. 67, Issue. 3, p. 231.


    Elwin, K. Chalmers, R.M. Hadfield, S.J. Hughes, S. Hesketh, L.M. Rothburn, M.M. Muller, T. and Hunter, P.R. 2007. Serological responses to Cryptosporidium in human populations living in areas reporting high and low incidences of symptomatic cryptosporidiosis. Clinical Microbiology and Infection, Vol. 13, Issue. 12, p. 1179.


    Frost, Floyd J. Calderon, Rebecca L. and Craun, Gunther F. 2005. Water Encyclopedia.


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    Balbus, John M. and Embrey, Martha A. 2002. Risk factors for waterborne enteric infections. Current Opinion in Gastroenterology, Vol. 18, Issue. 1, p. 46.


    Frost, Floyd Muller, Tim Calderon, Rebecca Craun, Gunther and Kunde, Twila 2002. Drinking Water and Infectious Disease.


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Paired city Cryptosporidium serosurvey in the southwest USA

  • F. J. FROST (a1), T. MULLER (a1), G. F. CRAUN (a2), R. L. CALDERON (a3) and P. A. ROEFER (a4)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0950268801005337
  • Published online: 01 May 2001
Abstract

In 1996, serological responses to two Cryptosporidium antigens were determined for 200 Las Vegas (LV), Nevada, and 200 Albuquerque, New Mexico, blood donors to evaluate associations between endemic infections, water exposures, and other risk factors. LV uses chlorinated filtered drinking water from Lake Mead while Albuquerque uses chlorinated ground water. The intensity of serological response to both markers was higher for older donors (P < 0·05), donors who washed food with bottled water (P < 0·05) and donors from LV (P < 0·05). A decreased serological response was not associated with bottled water consumption, nor was an increased response associated with self-reported cryptosporidiosis-like illness or residence in LV at the time of a cryptosporidiosis outbreak 2 years earlier. Although these findings suggest the serological response may be associated with type of tap water and certain foods, additional research is needed to clarify the role of both food and drinking water in endemic Cryptosporidium infection.

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Epidemiology & Infection
  • ISSN: 0950-2688
  • EISSN: 1469-4409
  • URL: /core/journals/epidemiology-and-infection
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