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A recurring outbreak of Shigella sonnei among traditionally observant Jewish children in New York City: the risks of daycare and household transmission

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  20 April 2006

V. GARRETT
Affiliation:
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
K. BORNSCHLEGEL
Affiliation:
New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, New York, NY, USA
D. LANGE
Affiliation:
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
V. REDDY
Affiliation:
New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, New York, NY, USA
L. KORNSTEIN
Affiliation:
New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, New York, NY, USA
J. KORNBLUM
Affiliation:
New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, New York, NY, USA
A. AGASAN
Affiliation:
New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, New York, NY, USA
M. HOEKSTRA
Affiliation:
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
M. LAYTON
Affiliation:
New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, New York, NY, USA
J. SOBEL
Affiliation:
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
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Abstract

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Dispersed community outbreaks of Shigella sonnei have occurred cyclically among traditionally observant Jews in the United States. In February 2000, we investigated a S. sonnei outbreak in one Jewish community in New York City. To determine risk factors for introduction of infection into households, we conducted a cohort study of households to compare risk factors for illness among primary subjects within households and age-matched well siblings. Isolates were subtyped by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). We used a random effects model to assess extra-household vs. intra-household transmission in households with multiple ill household members. Daycare or pre-school attendance [matched odds ratio (mOR) 16·1, P<0·001] and age <60 months (mOR 6·3, P<0·001) were independently associated with index subject illness. Outbreak isolates were closely related by PFGE analysis to the strain previously observed in Jewish community outbreaks. The random effects model strongly indicated that multiple illnesses in a single household are due to secondary transmission. Disease containment efforts should focus on reducing Shigella transmission in childcare settings and within homes.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
2006 Cambridge University Press