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Risk factors of acute diarrhoea in summer – a nation-wide French case-control study

  • Y. YAZDANPANAH (a1), L. BEAUGERIE (a2), P. Y. BOËLLE (a1), L. LETRILLIART (a1), J. C. DESENCLOS (a3) and A. FLAHAULT (a1)...

Abstract

The aim of this study was to identify risk factors for acute diarrhoea (AD) during the summer in France. A matched case-control study was conducted at a national level among patients of 500 general practitioners (GPs). From July to September 1996, 468 case-control pairs were included. Cases were more likely than controls (i) to live away from their main residence (OR 3·0; 95% CI 1·6–5·7), (ii) to have returned from a country at high risk of AD (OR 4·6; CI 0·9–23·1), and (iii) to have been in contact with a case of AD (OR 2·0; CI 1·3–3·1). A significantly decreased risk of AD was found for consumption of well-cooked chicken (OR 0·5; CI 0·3–0·8) and raw or undercooked home-made egg-containing products (OR 0·6; CI 0·4–0·8). These findings suggest that travel to high-risk areas, or travel within France, and being in contact with a case of AD, are risk factors for the occurrence of AD in summer in France.

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Copyright

Corresponding author

Author for correspondence: Infectious Disease Unit, Hospital DRON 135 REU, President Croty 59208, Tourcoing, France.

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