Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
×
Home

Staphylococcal food poisoning in the United Kingdom, 1969–90

  • A. A. Wieneke (a1), D. Roberts (a1) and R. J. Gilbert (a1)
Summary

Between 1969 and 1990 strains of Staphylococcus aureus from 359 outbreaks and sporadic cases of staphylococcal food poisoning in the United Kingdom were examined in the PHLS Food Hygiene Laboratory for the production of enterotoxin. In a number of instances the incriminated foods were also examined for the presence of enterotoxin. Strains from 79% of incidents produced enterotoxin A alone or together with another enterotoxin. The level of S. aureus present in the foods ranged from no viable S. aureus detected to 1.5 × 1010 c.f.u./g with a median of 3.0 × 107 c.f.u./g. Enterotoxin was detected in foods in the absence of viable S. aureus in only two outbreaks and in both cheese was the implicated food. Meat. poultry or their products were the vehicle in 75% of incidents with ham and chicken most frequently implicated. Other foods included fish and shellfish (7%) and milk and milk products (8%). Most contamination took place in the home followed by restaurants and shops. Seventy-one percent of the incident strains were lysed by phages of group III or I/III.

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Staphylococcal food poisoning in the United Kingdom, 1969–90
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Staphylococcal food poisoning in the United Kingdom, 1969–90
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Staphylococcal food poisoning in the United Kingdom, 1969–90
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
References
Hide All
1.Bergdoll, MS. Staphylococcus aureus. In: Foodborne bacterial pathogens, Doyle, MP. ed. New York: Marcel Dekker Inc, 1989: 463523.
2.PHLS Communicable Disease Surveillance Centre. Food poisoning and salmonella surveillance in England and Wales: 1982. BMJ 1984; 288: 306–8.
3. International Commission on Microbiological Specifications for Foods. Micro-organisms in foods. Volume 1, 2nd ed. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1978: 119–20.
4.Hobbs, BC, Kendall, M, Gilbert, RJ. Use of phenolphthalein diphosphate agar with polymyxin as a selective medium for the isolation and enumeration of coagulase-positive staphylococci from foods. Appl Microbiol 1968; 16: 535.
5.Simkovicová, M, Gilbert, RJ. Serological detection of enterotoxin from food-poisoning strains of Staphylococcus aureus. J Med Microbiol 1971; 4: 1930.
6.Gilbert, RJ, Wieneke, AA, Lanser, J, á, M. Serological detection of enterotoxin in foods implicated in staphylococcal food poisoning. J Hyg 1972; 70: 755–62.
7.Notermans, S, Boot, R, Tips, BD. de Nooy, MP. Extraction of staphylococcal enterotoxins (SE) from minced meat and subsequent detection of SE with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). J Food Protect 1983; 46: 238–41.
8.Reiser, RF, Robbins, RN. Noleto, AL, Khoe, GP, Bergdoll, MS. Identification, purification and some physicochemical properties of staphylococcal enterotoxin C3. Infect Immun 1984: 45: 625–30.
9.De Saxe, M, Coe, AW, Wieneke, AA. The use of phage typing in the investigation of food poisoning caused by Staphylococcus aureus enterotoxins. In: Isolation and identification methods for food poisoning organisms, Corry, JEL, Roberts, D. Skinner, FA, eds. Society for Applied Bacteriology Technical Series No. 17. London: Academic Press. 1982: 173–97.
10.Lachica, RVF, Hoeprich, PD, Genigeorgis, C. Metachromatic agar-diffusion microslide technique for detecting staphylococcal nuclease in foods. Appl Microbiol 1972; 23: 168–9.
11.PHLS Communicable Disease Surveillance Centre. Food poisoning and salmonellosis surveillance in England and Wales, 1980. BMJ 1981; 283: 924–5.
12.PHLS Communicable Disease Surveillance Centre. Food poisoning and salmonella surveillance in England and Wales, 1982. Commun Dis Rep 1983; (37): 36. Internal publication of the PHLS, London.
13.PHLS Communicable Disease Surveillance Centre. Foodborne disease surveillance in England and Wales, 1984. BMJ 1986; 293: 1424–7.
14.PHLS Communicable Disease Surveillance Centre. Foodborne disease surveillance in England and Wales, 1985. Commun Dis Rep 1988; (08): 36. Internal publication of the PHLS, London.
15.PHLS Communicable Disease Surveillance Centre. Foodborne disease surveillance in England and Wales, 1986–88. Commun Dis Rep 1990; (15): 36. Internal publication of the PHLS, London.
16.Communicable Diseases Scotland Unit. Food poisoning in Scotland, 1973–80. J Infect 1981; 3: 286–92.
17.Communicable Diseases Scotland Unit. Surveillance programme for foodborne infections and intoxications Scotland – 1981; Ibid 1982; Ibid 1983; Ibid 1984; Ibid 1985; Ibid 1986: Ibid 1987; Ibid 1988; Ibid 1989; Ibid 1990. Information and Statistics Division Common Services Agency for the Scottish Health Service, Edinburgh.
18.PHLS Communicable Disease Surveillance Centre. Food poisoning. Commun Dis Rep 1979: (33): 3. Internal publication of the PHLS, London.
19.PHLS Communicable Disease Surveillance Centre. Staphylococcal food poisoning associated with rice. Commun Dis Rep 1980; (30): 3. Internal publication of the PHLS. London.
20.Hayward, PJ. An outbreak of food poisoning at a christening party. Commun Dis Rep 1987: (47): 34. Internal publication of the PHLS. London.
21.PHLS Communicable Disease Surveillance Centre. Surveillance of food poisoning and salmonellosis. Commun Dis Rep 1988: (20): 5. Internal publication of the PHLS. London.
22.PHLS Communicable Disease Surveillance Centre. Surveillance of food poisoning and salmonellosis. Commun Dis Rep 1990; (35): 5.
23.Robinson, M. Houghton, A. Lau, YK. Clawley, CJ, Corfield, DF. John, HH. Outbreak of food poisoning in the City of London. Commun Dis Rep 1989: (02): 34. Internal publication of the PHLS. London.
24. Anonymous. Food poisoning from canned food. BMJ 1973; 3: 461.
25.Stersky, A. Todd, E. Pivnick, H. Food poisoning associated with post-process leakage (PPL) in canned foods. J Food Protect 1980; 43: 465–76.
26.Mansfield, JM, Farkas, G, Wieneke, AA, Gilbert, RJ. Studies on the growth and survival of Staphylococcus aureus in corned beef. J Hyg 1983; 91: 467–78.
27.Woolaway, MC. Bartlett, CLR, Wieneke, AA. Gilbert, RJ, Murrell, HC. Aureli, P. International outbreak of staphylococcal food poisoning caused by contaminated lasagne. J Hyg 1986: 96: 6773.
28.Bone, FJ, Bogie, D. Morgan-Jones, SC. Staphylococcal food poisoning from sheep milk cheese. Epidemiol Infect 1989; 103: 449–58.
29.Asheshov, EH. Coe, AW, Porthouse, A. Properties of strains of Staphylococcus aureus in the 94.96 complex. J Med Microbiol 1977; 10: 171–8.
30.Bergdoll, MS. Crass, BA, Reiser, RF, Robbins, RN, Davis, JP. A new staphylococcal enterotoxin. enterotoxin F, associated with toxic-shock-syndrome Staphylococcus aureus isolates. Lancet 1981: i: 1017–21.
31.Bergdoll, MS. Schlievert, PM. Toxic shock syndrome toxin. Lancet 1984; ii: 691.
32.Noleto, AL. Bergdoll, MS. Staphylococcal enterotoxin production in the presence of non-enterotoxigenic staphylococci. Appl Environ Microbiol 1980; 39: 1167–71.
33.Holmberg, SD. Blake, PA. Staphylococcal food poisoning in the United States. JAMA 1984; 251: 487–9.
34.Wieneke, AA. Gilbert, RJ. Comparison of four methods for the detection of staphylococcal enterotoxin in foods from outbreaks of food poisoning. Int J Food Microbiol 1987: 4: 135–43.
35.Park, CE. EI, Derea HB. Rayman, MK. Evaluation of staphylococcal thermonuclease (TNase) assay as a means of screening foods for growth of staphylococci and possible enterotoxin production. Can J Microbiol 1978; 24: 1135–9.
36.Tatini, SR. Soo, HM. Cords, BR. Bennett, RW. Heat-stable nuclease for assessment of staphylococcal growth and likely presence of enterotoxins in foods. J Food Sci 1975; 40: 352–6.
37.Park, CE, de Melo Serrano, A. Landgraf, M, Huang, JC. Stankiewicz, Z. Rayman, MK. A survey of microorganisms for thermonuclease production. Can J Microbiol 1980; 26: 532–5.
38.Zayaitz, AEK. Ledford, RA. Proteolytic inactivation of thermonuclease activity of Staphylococcus aureus during recovery from thermal injury. J Food Protect 1982; 45: 624–6.
39.Ibrahim, GF, Baldock, AK. Thermostable deoxyribonuclease content and enterotoxigenicity of Cheddar cheese made with sub-normal starter activity. J Food Protect 1981; 44: 655–60.
40.Todd, E. Szabo, R, Robern, H, Gleeson, T. Park, C, Clark, DS. Variation in counts, enterotoxin levels and TNase in Swiss-type cheese contaminated with Staphylococcus aureus. J Food Protect 1981: 44: 839–48.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Epidemiology & Infection
  • ISSN: 0950-2688
  • EISSN: 1469-4409
  • URL: /core/journals/epidemiology-and-infection
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed