Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 7
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Chung, Doo Ryeon and Huh, Kyungmin 2015. Novel pandemic influenza A (H1N1) and community-associated methicillin-resistantStaphylococcus aureuspneumonia. Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy, Vol. 13, Issue. 2, p. 197.

    Durkin, Michael J. Dicks, Kristen V. Baker, Arthur W. Moehring, Rebekah W. Chen, Luke F. Sexton, Daniel J. Lewis, Sarah S. and Anderson, Deverick J. 2015. Postoperative infection in spine surgery: does the month matter?. Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine, Vol. 23, Issue. 1, p. 128.

    Moran, Gregory J. Rothman, Richard E. and Volturo, Gregory A. 2013. Emergency management of community-acquired bacterial pneumonia: what is new since the 2007 Infectious Diseases Society of America/American Thoracic Society guidelines. The American Journal of Emergency Medicine, Vol. 31, Issue. 3, p. 602.

    Wunderink, Richard G. 2013. How Important is Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus as a Cause of Community-Acquired Pneumonia and What is Best Antimicrobial Therapy?. Infectious Disease Clinics of North America, Vol. 27, Issue. 1, p. 177.

    Moran, G. J. Krishnadasan, A. Gorwitz, R. J. Fosheim, G. E. Albrecht, V. Limbago, B. and Talan, D. A. 2012. Prevalence of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus as an Etiology of Community-Acquired Pneumonia. Clinical Infectious Diseases, Vol. 54, Issue. 8, p. 1126.

    Peters, Timothy R. Hammon, Dudley E. Jarrah, Rima J. Palavecino, Elizabeth L. Blakeney, Elizabeth S. and Poehling, Katherine A. 2011. Staphylococcal Toxic Shock Syndrome Complicating Influenza A Infection in a Young Child. ISRN Pulmonology, Vol. 2011, p. 1.

    Stockman, Lauren J. Reed, Carrie Kallen, Alexander J. Finelli, Lyn and Anderson, Larry J. 2010. RESPIRATORY SYNCYTIAL VIRUS AND STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS COINFECTION IN CHILDREN HOSPITALIZED WITH PNEUMONIA. The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, p. 1.


Staphylococcus aureus community-onset pneumonia in patients admitted to children's hospitals during autumn and winter of 2006–2007

  • A. J. KALLEN (a1) (a2), C. REED (a2) (a3), M. PATTON (a3) (a4), K. E. ARNOLD (a5), L. FINELLI (a3) and J. HAGEMAN (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 07 December 2009

Staphylococcus aureus is a relatively uncommon cause of community-onset pneumonia (COP) that may complicate influenza infection. We reviewed admissions to children's hospitals to describe more systematically this entity. Records of patients hospitalized at three children's hospitals between 1 October 2006 and 30 April 2007 who had a positive S. aureus culture from a sterile site or respiratory specimen were reviewed and data were abstracted for episodes of primary S. aureus COP. Overall, 30 episodes met criteria for primary S. aureus COP; 12 (41%) involved methicillin-resistant S. aureus. Patients in 11 (37%) episodes were seen by a healthcare provider for their symptoms prior to hospital admission; three received an antimicrobial, none of which had activity against the S. aureus isolated. Mechanical ventilation was required in 21 (70%) episodes; five (17%) patients died. When evaluating patients with severe COP, providers should be aware of the potential for S. aureus, including methicillin-resistant strains.

Corresponding author
*Author for correspondence: Dr A. J. Kallen, 1600 Clifton Road NE, MS A-35, Atlanta, GA30333, USA. (Email:
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

1.M Ruiz , Etiology of community-acquired pneumonia: impact of age, comorbidity, and severity. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 1999; 160: 397405.

2.C Stankovic , P Mahajan , BI Asmar . Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus as a cause of community-acquired pneumonia. Current Infectious Disease Reports 2007; 9: 223227.

5.CM Martin , Asian influenza A in Boston, 1957–58. Archives of Internal Medicine 1959; 103: 532542.

6.N Bhat , Influenza-associated deaths among children in the United States, 2003–2004. New England Journal of Medicine 2005; 353: 25592567.

7.L Finelli , Influenza-associated pediatric mortality in the United States: increase of Staphylococcus aureus coinfection. Pediatrics 2008; 122: 805811.

8.AJ Kallen , Characteristics of Staphylococcus aureus community-acquired pneumonia during the 2006–2007 influenza season. Clinical Infectious Diseases 2007; 45: 1655.

10.JC Hageman , Severe community-acquired pneumonia due to Staphylococcus aureus, 2003–04 influenza season. Emerging Infectious Diseases 2006; 12: 894899.

11.Y Gillet , Factors predicting mortality in necrotizing community-acquired pneumonia caused by Staphylococcus aureus containing Panton-Valentine leukocidin. Clinical Infectious Diseases 2007; 45: 315321.

12.AJ Kallen , Staphylococcus aureus community-acquired pneumonia during the 2006–07 influenza season. Annals of Emergency Medicine 2008; 53: 358365.

13.LA Mandell , Infectious Diseases Society of America/American Thoracic Society consensus guidelines on the management of community-acquired pneumonia in adults. Clinical Infectious Diseases 2007; 44: S27S72.

14.American Thoracic Society. Guidelines for the management of adults with hospital-acquired, ventilator-associated, and healthcare-associated pneumonia. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 2005; 171: 388416.

15.DB Louria , Studies on influenza in the pandemic of 1957–1958. II. Pulmonary complications of influenza. Journal of Clinical Investigation 1959; 38: 213265.

16.SW Schwarzmann , Bacterial pneumonia during the Hong Kong influenza epidemic of 1968–1969. Archives of Internal Medicine 1971; 127: 10371041.

17.AM Fisher , Staphylococcal pneumonia: a review of 21 cases in adults. New England Journal of Medicine 1958; 258: 919928.

18.JS Francis , Severe community-onset pneumonia in healthy adults caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus carrying the Panton-Valentin leukocidin genes. Clinical Infectious Diseases 2005; 40: 100107.

20.SK Fridkin , Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus disease in three communities. New England Journal of Medicine 2005; 352: 14361444.

21.GJ Moran , Methicillin-resistant S. aureus infections among patients in the emergency department. New England Journal of Medicine 2006; 355: 666674.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Epidemiology & Infection
  • ISSN: 0950-2688
  • EISSN: 1469-4409
  • URL: /core/journals/epidemiology-and-infection
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *