Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 5
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Cordeiro, R. de A. Duarte, N. F. H. Rolim, B. N. Soares Júnior, F. A. Franco, I. C. F. Ferrer, L. L. Almeida, C. P. Duarte, B. H. de Araújo, D. B. Rocha, M. F. G. Brilhante, R. S. N. Favoretto, S. R. and Sidrim, J. J. C. 2016. The Importance of Wild Canids in the Epidemiology of Rabies in Northeast Brazil: A Retrospective Study. Zoonoses and Public Health, Vol. 63, Issue. 6, p. 486.


    Katz, Iana Suly Santos Fuoco, Natalia Langenfeld Chaves, Luciana Botelho Rodrigues, Adriana Candido Ribeiro, Orlando Garcia Scheffer, Karin Corrêa and Asano, Karen Miyuki 2016. Delayed progression of rabies transmitted by a vampire bat. Archives of Virology,


    Soulsbury, Carl D. and White, Piran C. L. 2015. Human–wildlife interactions in urban areas: a review of conflicts, benefits and opportunities. Wildlife Research, Vol. 42, Issue. 7, p. 541.


    Mollentze, Nardus Biek, Roman and Streicker, Daniel G 2014. The role of viral evolution in rabies host shifts and emergence. Current Opinion in Virology, Vol. 8, p. 68.


    Shinwari, Mustaghfira Wafa Annand, Edward J. Driver, Luke Warrilow, David Harrower, Bruce Allcock, Richard J.N. Pukallus, Dennis Harper, Jennifer Bingham, John Kung, Nina and Diallo, Ibrahim S. 2014. Australian bat lyssavirus infection in two horses. Veterinary Microbiology, Vol. 173, Issue. 3-4, p. 224.


    ×

The emergence of wildlife species as a source of human rabies infection in Brazil

  • S. R. FAVORETTO (a1) (a2), C. C. de MATTOS (a3), C. A. de MATTOS (a3), A. C. A. CAMPOS (a2), D. R. V. SACRAMENTO (a2) (a4) and E. L. DURIGON (a2)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0950268813000198
  • Published online: 22 February 2013
Abstract
SUMMARY

Forty-five human rabies virus isolates from a wide geographical area of Brazil were characterized using an anti-nucleoprotein monoclonal antibody panel and by partial nucleotide sequencing analysis of the nucleoprotein gene. Three major antigenic groups related to the antigenic variants maintained in domestic dogs, vampire bats and marmosets were identified. Phylogenetic analyses revealed that the viruses from dog-related cases segregated into four sister clades: three associated with dog-endemic cycles in Brazil and one with the crab-eating fox cycle in the northeastern region of the country. The vampire bat- and marmoset-related viruses formed two independent groups. The topology of these clades was conserved when these samples were compared to virus representatives of the currently reported rabies endemic cycles in the Americas. These results indicated the presence of multiple endemic transmission cycles maintained in four different reservoirs, domestic dogs, crab-eating foxes, vampire bats and marmosets, which are being transmitted directly to humans and should be considered as a high-risk for rabies infection.

Copyright
Corresponding author
*Address for correspondence: S. R. Favoretto, Ph.D., Instituto Pasteur of São Paulo, Brazil, Av. Paulista, 393 Paraíso, São Paulo, SP, Brasil, CEP 01311000. (Email: srfavoretto@usp.br)
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

2.HC Ertl . Novel vaccines to human rabies. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases 2009; 3(9): e515.

7.SR Favoretto , Reemergence of rabies virus maintained by dogs in humans and terrestrial wildlife in Ceará State, Brazil. Emerging Infectious Diseases 2006; 12: 19781981.

11.AA King , GS Turner . Rabies: a review. Journal of Comparative Pathology 1993; 108: 139.

14.P Gautret , Risk for rabies importation from north Africa. Emerging Infectious Diseases 2011; 17: 21872193.

20.SR Favoretto , Antigenic typing of Brazilian rabies virus samples isolated from animals and humans, 1989–2000. Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo 2002; 44: 9195.

35.CI Macedo , Genetic characterization of rabies virus isolated from bovines and equines between 2007 and 2008, in the States of São Paulo and Minas Gerais. Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical 2010; 43: 116120.

39.JG Castilho , A comparative study of rabies virus isolates from hematophagous bats in Brazil. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 2010; 46: 13351339.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Epidemiology & Infection
  • ISSN: 0950-2688
  • EISSN: 1469-4409
  • URL: /core/journals/epidemiology-and-infection
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords: