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The prevalence of Salmonella enteritidis and other Salmonella spp. among Canadian registered commercial chicken broiler flocks

  • C. Poppe (a1), R. J. Irwin (a1), S. Messier (a2), G. G. Finley (a3) and J. Oggel (a4)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 May 2009

A nation-wide survey was conducted to estimate the prevalence of Salmonella enteritidis and other salmonellas among Canadian commercial broiler flocks. Environmental (litter and/or water) samples from 226 of 294 (76·9%) randomly selected flocks were contaminated with salmonellas. Litter samples were more often contaminated with salmonellas than water samples (47·4 ν 12·3%). Fifty different salmonella serovars were isolated. The most prevalent serovars were S. hadar, S. infantis, and S. schwarzengrund; they were isolated from samples of 98/294 (33·3%), 26/294 (8·8%), and 21/294 (7·1%) flocks, respectively. Feed samples of 39/290 (13·4%) flocks were contaminated with salmonellas. Salmonella enteritidis was isolated from the environmental samples of 9/294 (3·1%) flocks. Salmonella enteritidis phage type (PT) 8 was isolated from seven flocks, and PT 13a from two flocks.

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Epidemiology & Infection
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