1 See, for example, the classic article by Theotonio Dos Santos, “The Structure of Dependence,” which concludes, “Everything now indicates that what can be expected is a long process of sharp political and military confrontations and of profound social radicalization which will lead these countries to a dilemma: governments of force which open the way to fascism, or popular revolutionary governments which open the way to socialism.”American Economic Review, Vol. 60, No. 2 (1970) p. 236.
2 Gutierrez Gustavo, A Theology of Liberation (Maryknoll, N.Y.: Orbis Books, 1973).
3 Gall Norman, “The Legacy of Che Guevara,” Commentary, Vol. 44, No. 6 (1967) pp. 31–44.
4 See Rouquie Alain, The Military and the State in Latin America, trans. Sigmund Paul E. (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1987) chapters 4 and 11.
5 Patrick Moynihan Daniel, “The American Experiment,” The Public Interest, No. 41 (Fall 1975) pp. 6–7.
6 See, for example, Wiarda Howard, Corporatism and National Development in Latin America (Boulder: Westview Press, 1981); Roett Riordan, Brazil: Politics in a Patrimonial Society (New York: Praeger Publishers, 1978); Moreno Francisco José., Legitimacy and Stability in Latin America (New York: New York University Press, 1969); Veliz Claudio, The Centralist Tradition in Latin America (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1980).
7 For the evolution in official Catholic attitudes toward democracy, See Sigmund Paul E., “The Catholic Tradition and Modern Democracy,”The Review of Politics, Vol. 49, No. 4 (September 1987) pp. 530–48.
8 See Brett Donna Whitson and Brett Edward T., Murdered in Central America (Maryknoll, N.Y.: Orbis Books, 1988).
9 See Sigmund Paul E., “Chile, Utopian Libertarianism or Market Fascism?” Worldview, Vol. 24, No. 10 (October 1981) pp. 4–6.
10 See Foxley Alejandro, Latin American Experiments in Neo-Conservative Economics (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1983); Ramos Joseph, Neo-Conservative Economics in the Southern Cone of Latin America (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1986); Wesson Robert, ed., Politics, Policies, and Economic Development in Latin America (Stanford: Hoover Institution Press, 1984); Sheahan John, Patterns of Development in Latin America (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1987).
11 See the argument of my forthcoming book, Liberation Theology at the Crossroads: Democracy or Revolution?, to be published by Oxford University Press in 1989.
12 For a comparison of Cuba and Costa Rica, see Carmelo Mesa Lago, “Growth and Equity in Costa Rica and Cuba” (mimeograph) University of Pittsburgh, Center for Latin American Studies, 1986.
13 Kozyrev Andrey V., from an article in International Affairs (Moscow), published by the Soviet Foreign Ministry; reprinted in The New York Times, January 7, 1989, p. 27.
14 Gutierrez Gustavo, “Aún Es Tiempo,”Páginas, Vol. XL, No. 86 (Lima: July 1986); Assmann Hugo, “Democracy and the Debt Crisis,” This World, No. 14 (Spring-Summer 1986) pp. 92–94; Weffort Francisco, For Qué Democracia? (São Paulo: Brasiliense, 1984); Bitar Sergio, Sonalismo, Democracia γ Desarrollo (Mexico City: Siglio XXI, 1979); Moulian Tomas, Democracia γ Socialismo en Chile (Santiago: FLACSO, 1983). On the changes in the Chilean Socialist Party since 1973, See Walker Ignacio, “Socialism and Democracy” (unpublished Ph.D. dissertation) Politics Department, Princeton University, 1988.