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Global Justice, Freedom of Movement and Democratic Citizenship*

  • Rainer Bauböck (a1)
Abstract

The article discusses three liberal arguments about freedom of movement: immigration as a remedy for global injustice in the distribution of opportunities, freedom of movement as an integral aspect of individual autonomy, and immigration control as implied in democratic self-determination and citizenship. The article shows how these apparently irreconcilable stances can be reconstructed as partially overlapping once we realize that liberal citizenship provides not only reasons for closure but entails a bundle of mobility rights and is open for access by migrant stakeholders.

L'article soumet à critique trois arguments libéraux concernant la liberté de circulation : considérer l'immigration comme un remède à l'injustice générale dans la distribution des chances ; y voir un aspect constitutif de l'autonomie individuelle et tenir le contrôle de l'immigration pour impliqué par l'autodétermination démocratique et la citoyenneté. Il est montré que ces positions apparemment irréconciliables sont en recouvrement partiel si l'on admet que la citoyenneté libérale n'est pas entièrement tournée vers la fermeture mais comporte un faisceau de droits de mobilité et est ouverte à l'accueil de migrants ayant un intérêt objectif d’appartenance.

Dieser Aufsatz befasst sich mit drei liberalen, der Bewegungsfreiheit zugrunde liegenden Argumenten: Einwanderung als Ausgleich für eine weltweit mangelnde Chancengleichheit, Bewegungsfreiheit als ein bedeutender Aspekt der persönlichen Autonomie, und Einwanderungskontrollen als Bestandteil der demokratischen Selbstbestimmung und Bürgerschaft. Diese ursprünglich gegensätzlichen Begriffe überlappen sich bei genauerer Betrachtung und verdeutlichen, dass die liberale Bürgerschaft nicht nur Argumente für Ausgrenzung, sondern auch ein Bündel an Bewegungsrechten beinhaltet und Einwanderungskandidaten mit objektiven Interessen an Zugehörigkeit offen steht.

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References
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European Journal of Sociology / Archives Européennes de Sociologie
  • ISSN: 0003-9756
  • EISSN: 1474-0583
  • URL: /core/journals/european-journal-of-sociology-archives-europeennes-de-sociologie
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