European Central Bank (2012) Euro Area Labour Markets and the Crisis. Occasional Paper Series No. 138 (Frankfurt: ECB), p. 10.
OECD (2009) Tackling the Job Crisis: The Labour Market and Social Policy Response (Paris: OECD), p. 20 table 1.
Dustmann, C., Fitzenberger, B., Schonberg, U. and Spitz-Oener, A. (2014) From sick man of Europe to economic superstar: Germany’s resurgent economy. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 28(1), p. 167.
European Commission (2016) Commission Staff Working Document: Country Report Germany 2016 (Brussels: European Commission), p. 3.
Hufner, F. and Klein, C. (2012) The German labour market. OECD Economics Department Working Papers No. 983 (Paris: OECD), pp. 5–6.
Rinne, U. and Zimmermann, K. F. (2012) Another economic miracle? The German labour market and the Great Recession. IZA Journal of Labour Policy, 1(3), p. 7.
Bonin, H. (2012) The two German labour market miracles: blueprints for tackling the unemployment crisis. Comparative Economic Studies, 54, pp. 788–789.
Sinn, H. (2006) The pathological export boom and bazaar effect: how to solve the German puzzle. The World Economy, 29(9), p. 1157.
Engbom, N., Detragiache, E. and Raei, F. (2015) IMF Working Paper: The German Labour Market Reforms and Post-unemployment Earnings (Washington, DC: IMF), pp. 7–9.
Jacobi, L. and Kluve, J. (2007) Before and after the Hartz reforms: the performance of active labour market policy. Journal for Labour Market Research, 40(1), pp. 46–47.
OECD (2012) OECD Economic Surveys: Germany 2012 (Paris: OECD), p. 43.
Klinger, S. and Rothe, T. (2010) The impact of labour market reforms and economic performance on the matching of short-term and long-term unemployed. IAB Discussion Paper 13/2010 (Berlin: The Research Institute of the Federal Employment Agency), p. 9.
Rinne, U. and Zimmermann, K. F. (2013) Is Germany the North Star of labour market policy? IZA Discussion Paper No.7260 (Bonn: Institute for the Study of Labour), p. 5.
Krebs, T. and Scheffel, M. (2013) Macroeconomic evaluation of labour market reforms in Germany. IMF Economic Review (Washington, DC: IMF), pp. 689, 695.
Giannelli, G.C., Jaenichen, U. and Rothe, T. (2013) Doing well in reforming the labour market? Recent trends in job stability and wages in Germany. IZA Discussion Paper No.7580 (Bonn: The Institute for the Study of Labour), p. 3.
Kirkegaard, J.F. (2014) Making labour market reforms work for everyone: lesson from Germany. Policy Brief, No. PB14-1 (Washington, DC: Peterson Institute for International Economics), p. 4.
Busl, C. and Seymen, A. (2013) The German labour market reforms in a European context: a DSGE analysis. ZEW Discussion Paper No. 13-097 (Mannheim: Centre for European Economic Research), pp. 2, 40.
Krause, M. and Uhlig, H. (2012) Transitions in the German labour market: structure and crisis. Journal of Monetary Economics, 59, p. 75.
Hertweck, M. and Sigrist, O. (2013) The aggregate effects of the Hartz reforms in Germany. SOEP Papers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research (Berlin: German Socio-Economic Panel Study), p. 20.
Caliendo, M. and Hogenacker, J. (2012) The German labour market after the Great Recession: Successful reforms and future challenges. IZA Discussion Paper No. 6810 (Bonn: The Institute for the Study of Labour), p. 12.
Dlugosz, S., Stephan, G. and Wilke, R.A. (2014) Fixing the leak: unemployment incidence before and after a major reform of unemployment benefits in Germany. German Economic Review, 15(3), p. 330.
Launov, A. and Walde, K. (2013) Estimating incentive and welfare effects of non-stationary unemployment benefits. International Economic Review, 54(4), pp. 1161–1185.
Beissinger, T., Chusseau, N. and Hellier, J. (2016) Offshoring and labour market reforms in Germany: assessment and policy implications. Economic Modelling, 53, pp. 317, 326–328.
Bornhorst, F. and Mody, A. (2012) Tests of German resilience. IMF Working Paper, No. WP/12/239 (Washington, DC: IMF), pp. 19–20.
Spermann, A. (2015) How to fight long-term unemployment: lessons from Germany. IZA Journal of Labour Policy, 4, pp. 2–3, 8.
Bouvard, F., Rambert, L., Romanello, L. and Studer, N. (2013) How have the Hartz reforms shaped the German labour market? Tresor-Economics, No. 110 (Paris: The Ministry of Economy and Finance and the Ministry of Foreign Trade), p. 7.
Eichhorst, W. (2012) The unexpected appearance of a new German model. IZA Discussion Paper, No. 6625 (Bonn: The Institute for the Study of Labour), pp. 12–13.
Carlin, W. and Soskice, D. (2009) German economic performance: disentangling the role of supply-side reforms, macroeconomic policy and coordinated economy institutions. Socio-Economic Review, 7(1), p. 77.
Biewen, M. and Juhasz, A. (2012) Understanding rising income inequality in Germany. The Review of Income and Wealth, 58(4), p. 645.
Poilly, C. and Wesselbaum, D. (2014) Evaluating labour market reforms: a normative analysis. Journal of Macroeconomics, 39, pp. 157–169.
Whyte, P. (2010) Why Germany is not a model for the Eurozone. Centre for European Reform Essays (London: Centre for European Reform), p. 8.