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Potential yield and nutrient requirements of direct-seeded, dry-season rice in Cambodia

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  11 October 2019

Kea Kong
Affiliation:
General Directorate of Agriculture, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Phnom Penh, Cambodia Nagoya University Asian Satellite Campus – Cambodia, Royal University of Agriculture, Phnom Penh, Cambodia
Sarith Hin
Affiliation:
Cambodian Agriculture Research and Development Institute, Phnom Penh, Cambodia
Vang Seng
Affiliation:
Cambodian Agriculture Research and Development Institute, Phnom Penh, Cambodia
Abdelbagi M. Ismail
Affiliation:
International Rice Research Institute, Metro Manila, the Philippines
Georgina Vergara
Affiliation:
International Rice Research Institute, Metro Manila, the Philippines
Il-Ryong Choi
Affiliation:
Nagoya University Asian Satellite Campus – Cambodia, Royal University of Agriculture, Phnom Penh, Cambodia
Hiroshi Ehara*
Affiliation:
International Center for Research and Education in Agriculture, Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan
Yoichiro Kato*
Affiliation:
International Rice Research Institute, Metro Manila, the Philippines Institute for Sustainable Agro-ecosystem Services, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan

Abstract

The area of dry-season rice (Oryza sativa L.) has rapidly increased in Cambodia owing to the large-scale development of irrigation infrastructure. But little is known of potential productivity and adaptive crop management. The objective of our study was to evaluate potential yield and nutrient requirements of dry-season rice in Cambodia, and the economic feasibility of soil-specific management recommended by the government. Field experiments were conducted on four soil types (Bakan, equivalent to Alfisol; Krakor, Inceptisol; Prateah Lang, Plinthustalfs; and Toul Samroung, Endoaqualfs) in four provinces (Battambang, Kampong Thom, Pursat, and Siem Reap) during the 2016 and 2017 dry seasons to compare 14 (2016) and 8 (2017) N-P-K combinations. Grain yield ranged from 1.0 to 5.5 t ha−1 in 2016 and from 1.3 to 6.7 t ha−1 in 2017. Potential yield from the experiments was 6–7 t ha−1 on Toul Samroung soil, 5–6 t ha−1 on Bakan soil, and 3–5 t ha−1 on Prateah Lang and Krakor soils. A rate of 140-60-60 kg ha−1 of N-P2O5-K2O was more than enough to achieve the best yields on any soil group. On the other hand, modest application rates in soil-specific management (44–78 kg ha−1 of N, 23–28 kg ha−1 of P2O5, 0–30 kg ha−1 of K2O) proved reasonable for resource-poor farmers in Cambodia, since the treatment always provided >75 % of the highest economic profit in high-input plots.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
© Cambridge University Press 2019

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