Skip to main content
×
Home

THE CUP QUALITY OF DISEASE-RESISTANT CULTIVARS OF ARABICA COFFEE (Coffea arabica)

  • H. A. M. VAN DER VOSSEN (a1)
Summary
SUMMARY

Traditional cultivars of arabica coffee (Coffea arabica) are susceptible to coffee leaf rust (CLR, Hemileia vastatrix) and coffee berry disease (CBD, Colletotrichum kahawae). CLR is of worldwide importance, while CBD is still restricted to Africa. Host resistances present in C. canephora to both destructive diseases have been successfully introgressed into C. arabica, after several decades of breeding and selection notably in Brazil, Colombia, India and for CBD resistance in East Africa. CLR resistant cultivars have since been grown on hundreds of thousands of hectares in Latin America and elsewhere, while CBD (and CLR) resistant cultivars are now increasingly being planted in East and South Eastern Africa. They contribute to ecologically sustainable coffee production and to considerable socio-economic benefits for the coffee growers. Nevertheless, some representatives of the international coffee trade continue to be sceptical about the cup quality of these modern cultivars. This paper presents an overview of the considerable amount of scientific evidence accumulated over the years showing that, with all environmental factors at optimum level, disease-resistant cultivars can produce quality coffees as good as those from the best traditional varieties.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Email: herbert.vandervossen@quicknet.nl
References
Hide All
Alvaredo G. A., Puerta Q. G. I., González E. M., Montoya Restrepo C. and Alarcón S. R. (2008). Atributos de calidad en taza de las variedades Castillo. Revista Cenicafé (in press).
Avelino J., Barboza B., Araya J. C., Fonseca C., Davrieux F., Guyot B. and Cilas C. (2005). Effects of slope exposure, altitude and yield on coffee quality in two altitude terroirs of Costa Rica, Orosi and Santa María de Dota. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 85:18691876.
Avelino J., Barboza B., Davrieux F. and Guyot B. (2007). Shade effect on sensory and chemical characteristics of coffee from very high altitude plantations in Costa Rica. Second International Symposium on Multi-strata Agroforestry Systems with Perennial Crops, 17–21 September 2007, CATIE, Turrialba, Costa Rica.
Barel M. and Jacquet M. (1994). La qualité du café: ses causes, son appréciation, son amélioration. Plantations, Recherche, Développement 1:513.
Bellachew B. (1997). Arabica coffee breeding in Ethiopia: a review. Proceedings of the 16th ASIC International Coffee Conference, Nairobi, Kenya, 406–414.
Bertrand B., Aguilar G., Santacreo R., Anthony F., Etienne H., Eskes A. B. and Charrier A. (1997) Comportement d'hybrides F1 de Coffea arabica pour la vigueur, la production et la fertilité en Amérique Centrale. Proceedings 17th International Scientific Colloquium on Coffee, Nairobi, Kenya. ASIC, Paris, France, pp. 415–423.
Bertrand B., Guyot B., Anthony F. and Lashermes Ph. (2003). Impact of the Coffea canephora gene introgression on beverage quality of C. arabica. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 107:387394.
Bertrand B., Etienne H., Lashermes Ph., Guyot B. and Davrieux F. (2005). Can near-infrared reflectance of green coffee be used to detect introgression in Coffea arabica cultivars ? Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 85:955962.
Bertrand B., Vaast Ph., Alpizar E., Etienne H., Davrieux F. and Charmetant P. (2006). Comparison of bean biochemical composition and beverage quality of Arabica hybrids involving Sudanese-Ethiopian origins with traditional varieties at various elevations in Central America. Tree Physiology 26:12391248.
Bettencourt A. J. and Rodrigues C. J. (1988). Principles and practice of coffee plant breeding for resistance to rust and other diseases. Coffee Volume 4 – Agronomy, 199234. (Eds Clarke R. J. and Macrae R.).London: Elsevier Applied Science.
Bonnländer B., Eggers R., Engelhardt U. H. and Maier H. G. (2005). Roasting. In Espresso Coffee. The Science of Quality, 2nd edition, 179214 (Eds Illy A. and Viani R.). Amsterdam: Elsevier Academic Press.
Carvalho A. (1988). Principles and practice of coffee plant breeding for productivity and quality factors: Coffea arabica. Coffee Volume 4 – Agronomy, 129165. (Eds Clarke R. J. and Macrae R.).London: Elsevier Applied Science.
Clifford M. N. (1985). Chemical and physical aspects of green coffee and coffee products. In Coffee: Botany, Biochemistry and Production of Beans and Beverage. (Eds Clifford M. N. and Willson K. C.). Croom Helm, London, New York and Sydney. pp. 305374.
Decazy F., Avelino J., Guyot B., Perriot J. J., Pineda C. and Cilas C. (2003). Quality of different Honduran coffees in relation to several environments. Journal of Food Science 68:23562361.
Farah A., Monteiro M. C., Calado V., Franca A. S. and Trugo L. C. (2006). Correlation between cup quality and chemical attributes of Brazilian coffee. Food Chemistry 98:373380.
Gonzales-Rios O., Suarez-Quiroz M. L., Boulanger R., Barel M., Guyot B., Guiraud J-P. and Schorr-Galindo S. (2007). Impact of ‘ecological’ post-harvest processing on the volatile fraction of coffee beans: I Green coffee. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis 20:289296.
Gonzales-Rios O., Suarez-Quiroz M. L., Boulanger R., Barel M., Guyot B., Guiraud J-P. and Schorr-Galindo S. (2007). Impact of ‘ecological’ post-harvest processing on the volatile fraction of coffee beans: II Roasted coffee. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis 20:297307.
Guyot B., Gueule D., Manez J. C., Perriot J. J., Giron J. and Villain L. (1996). Influence de l'altitude et de l'ombrage sur la qualité des cafés Arabica. Plantations, recherche, développement 3:272280.
Illy E. (2001). The factors of quality in green coffee beans. The First Asian Regional Round-table on Sustainable, Organic and Speciality Coffee Production, Processing and Marketing, Chiang Mai 26–28 February 2001, Thailand. www.fao.org/DOCREP/003/X6938E/X6938E00.htm
Illy A and Viani R. (eds). (2005). Espresso Coffee: the Science of Quality, 2nd edition. Elsevier Academic Press, Amsterdam, London, New York.
ITC (2002). Coffee: an Exporter's Guide. ITC product and market development, UNCTAD/WTO, Geneva, Switzerland.
Karanja A. M. (1993). Ruiru 11, adoption and performance in the estate sector in Kanya. Kenya Coffee 58:15331543.
Krug C. A. and Carvalho A. (1951). The genetics of Coffea. Advances of Genetics 4:127158.
Krug C. A. and De Poerck R. A. (1968). Portuguese Timor, In World Coffee Survey. FAO, Rome, Agricultural Studies no.76, 408410.
Leroy T., Ribeyre F., Bertrand B., Charmetant P., Dufour M., Montagnon C., Maraccini P. and Pot D. (2006). Genetics of coffee quality. Brazilian Journal of Plant Physiology 18:229242.
Marsh A. (2001). The Specialty Coffee Industry of East Timor. The First Asian Regional Round-table on Sustainable, Organic and Speciality Coffee Production, Processing and Marketing, Chiang Mai 26–28 February 2001, Thailand. www.fao.org/DOCREP/003/X6938E/X6938e05
Moreno G., Moreno E and Cadena G. (1995). Bean characteristics and cup quality of the Colombia variety (Coffea arabica) as judged by international tasting panels. Proceedings of the 16th International Scientific Coffee Conference, Kyoto, Japan. ASIC, Paris, France, 574–578.
Muschler R. G. (2001). Shade improves coffee quality in a sub-optimal coffee-zone of Costa Rica. Agroforestry Systems 85:131139.
Njoroge S. M., Morales A. F., Kari P. E. and Owuor J. B. O. (1990). Comparative evaluation of the flavour qualities of Ruiru 11 and SL28 cultivars of Kenya arabica coffee. Kenya Coffee, 55:843849.
Omondi C. O. (2008). Coffee quality assessment: the case of two Kenyan cultivars, Ruiru 11 and SL28. In Proceedings of the 22nd ASIC International Coffee Conference, Campinas, Brasil, Lausanne, Switzerland, 1307–1311.
Rodrigues C. J. Jr., Bettencourt A. J. and Rijo L. (1975). Races of the pathogen and resistance to coffee rust. Annual Review of Phytopathology 13:4970.
Sweet Maria's (2008). Coffee cupping reviews. www.sweetmarias.com/coffee.africa.kenya.php
TaCRI (2005). Tanzania Coffee Research Institute Annual Report 2005. Lyamungu, Moshi, Tanzania.
Teri J. M., Kilambo D., Mtenga D., Nyange N. E., Nzallawahe T. S., Chipungahelo G. S., Kipokola T. P. and Kullaya I. K. (2004). Improved arabica varieties for the benefit of Tanzanian coffee growers. Proceedings of the 20th ASIC International Coffee Conference, Bangalore, India. ASIC, Paris, France, 1187–1191.
Vaast Ph., Bertrand B., Perriot J.-J., Guyot B. and Génard M. (2006). Fruit thinning and shade improve bean characteristics and beverage quality of coffee (Coffea arabica L) under optimal conditions. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 86:197204.
Van der Vossen H. A. M. and Walyaro D. J. (1981). The coffee breeding programme in Kenya: a review of progress made since 1971 and plan of action for the coming years. Kenya Coffee 46:113130.
Van der Vossen H. A. M. (1985). Coffee selection and breeding. In Coffee: botany, biochemistry and production of beans and beverage, 4896 (Eds Clifford M. N. and Willson K. C.). London: Croom Helm.
Van der Vossen H. A. M. (2001). Coffee breeding practices. In Coffee: Recent Developments, 184200 (Eds Clarke R. J. and Vitzthum O. G.). Oxford: Blackwell Science Ltd.
Van der Vossen H. A. M.., Nono-Womdin R. and Messiaen C.-M. (2004). Lycopersicon esculentum. In Plant Resources of Tropical Africa 2. Vegetables, 373379 (Eds Grubben G. J. H. and Denton O. A.). PROTA Foundation, Wageningen/Backhuys Publishers, Leiden, Netherlands.
Viani R. (2000). Global perspectives in coffee quality improvement. Proceedings of the International Scientific Symposium on Coffee, 4 December 2000, Bangalore, CCRI – CBI, India, 120–127.
Wintgens J. N. (ed). (2004). Coffee: Growing, Processing, Sustainable Production. A Guidebook for Growers, Processors, Traders and Researchers. Wiley–VCH Verlag GmbH and Co KGaH, Weinheim, Germany.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Experimental Agriculture
  • ISSN: 0014-4797
  • EISSN: 1469-4441
  • URL: /core/journals/experimental-agriculture
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 14
Total number of PDF views: 71 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 343 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 23rd November 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.