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I.—Coral in the “Dolomites” of South Tyrol

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  01 May 2009


At the meeting of the British Association in Nottingham,inAugust of last year, a joint discussion on “Coral Reefs” was held by the sections of Zoology and Geology. Prof. Sollas,inopening the discussion, referred to the “ Dolomites of South Tyrol” as a country affording brilliant examples of Fossil Coral Reefs. He demonstrated this by sections taken from the wellknown work of Mojsisovics, and showed several photographs of some of the more imposing dolomite mountains—Schlern, Langkofl, and Sella—which had been explained as reefs of Triassic age. in the course of the discussion, Dr. Hickson said he believed there were no corals in these so-called fossil reefs. Dr. Rothpletz corrected this statement, saying briefly that there were corals in the dolomite and limestone rock, along with other groups of marine animals, but that many of the sections shown by Prof. Sollas were incorrect. Prof. Bonney emphasized the ample evidence of Coral life in many parts of the district which he had visited.

Original Articles
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1894

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page 1 note 1 1 An account of the discussion is givenin“Nature,” October 12th, 1893.Google Scholar

page 2 note 1 Mr. George Murray made the following observation in the Antilles:—“Many coralline sea-weeds living at greater depths than the Corals grow with a stout incrustation of carbonate of lime, and thus form great masses which seem to nearly rival the true Coral Eeefs in bulk” (“ Nature Notes,” February, 1891).Google Scholar

page 2 note 1 The Map will appear in the February Number with Part II. of this paper.

page3 note 1 Mojsvár, E. Mojsisovics v., “Die Dolomit-Riffe von Siid Tirol und Venetien,” Wien, 1879.Google Scholar

page5 note 1 Dolomite, Schlern. Vide von Richthofen, “Geognostische Beschreibung der Umgegend von Predazzo, St. Cassian and der Seisser Alpe,” 1860.Google Scholar

page 6 note 1 Contributions to the Geology of the Wengen and Cassian StratainSouth Tyrol,” by Ogilvie, M.M.,” Quart. Journ. Geol. Soc, vol. xlix. p. 47, 02, 1893.Google Scholar

page 6 note 2 “Ueber die Entwicklung u. Verbreitung der Partnachschichten,” etc., by Dr.Skuphos, T., Jahrb. der k.k. Geol. Eeichsanstalt, 1893, Bd. 43, p. 178.Google Scholar

page 9 note 1 Schlern dolomite:inusing the expression “dolomitic or calcareous rock” I wish to take nothing for granted as regards the original or subsequent dolomitization of the rock. This question is outside the immediate interests of the paper.