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I.—Note on a Pliocene Vertebrate Fauna from the Wadi-Natrun, Egypt

  • C. W. Andrews (a1)

Among the collections received from the Egyptian Survey for determination is a number of vertebrate remains, chiefly mammalian, from the Wadi-Natrun, whence they were obtained by Captain Lyons, the Director-General of the Survey, and by Messrs. Beadnell and Blanckenhorn, members of his staff. Last year, on my return from Mogara with Mr. T. Barron, I was able to collect for a few hours on the hill called Gart-el-Moluk, from which most of these fossils were obtained, and found a few additional fragments. Finally, Dr. Studer, of the Berne Museum, has very kindly lent me the collection he received from the same locality, and has himself described in some detail.1 I believe, therefore, that a great part of the specimens from this locality are now in my hands. Unfortunately in most cases the remains are in a very fragmentary condition and little can be made of them, but there are a few well-preserved teeth and limb bones which indicate the existence of a fauna of considerable interest, and are sufficient to show that the locality will probably yield good results to a systematic search. At present the collections include remains of a small Hippopotamus, a Hipparion, a small pig-like animal, and various Antelopes. In the present note I propose to give a short account of the more important of these specimens.

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page 433 note 1 Ueber fossile Knochen vom Wadi-Natrun, Unteregypten”: Mittheil. d. Naturforsch. Gesellschaft in Bern, 1898 (1899), p. 72.

page 434 note 1 Lydekker, , “Siwalik and Narbada Equidæ”: Mem. Geol. Surv. India, Palæontologia Indica, ser. x, vol. ii, pt. 3 (1882), pl. xiii, fig. 1.

page 434 note 2 Bull. Soc. Géol. France, ser. iii, vol. iv (1876), p. 501, pl. xviii.

page 434 note 3 Pantanelli, , “Sugli strati Miocenici del Casino (Siena)”: Mem. R. Accad. Lincei (3), vol. iii, p. 309, pl. iv, figs. 1–7 (1879).

page 434 note 4 Pomel, , “Carte Géologique de l'Afrique—Paléontologie”: Monographie No. 8, Les Hippopotames, p. 9; Algiers, 1896.

page 437 note 1 Stehlin, , “Ueber die Geschichte des Suiden-Gebisses”: Abhand. Schweiz. Palaeont. Gesellschaft, vol. xxvi (1899), p. 30.

page 437 note 2 Lydekker, , “Siwalik and Narbada Bunodont Suina,” pl. viii, etc.: Palæont. Indica, vol. iii (1884).

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Geological Magazine
  • ISSN: 0016-7568
  • EISSN: 1469-5081
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