Albertazzi, D.Mueller, S. (2013), ‘Populism and Liberal Democracy: Populists in Government in Austria, Italy, Poland and Switzerland’, Government and Opposition, 48(3): 343–371.
Bartolini, S.Mair, P. (1990), Identity, Competition and Electoral Availability (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).
Best, R. (2011), ‘The Declining Electoral Relevance of Traditional Cleavage Groups’, European Political Science Review, 3: 279–300.
Best, R. (2013), ‘How Party System Fragmentation has Altered Political Opposition in Western Democracies’, Government and Opposition, 48(3): 314–342.
Bovens, M.Wille, A. (2010), ‘The Education Gap in Participation and its Political Consequences’, Acta Politica, 45: 393–422.
Braun, M.Müller, W. (1997), ‘Measurement of Education in Comparative Research’, Comparative Social Research, 16: 163–201.
Brooks, C. (2013), ‘Nations, Classes, and the Politics of Professors: A Comparative Perspective’, unpublished manuscript, Department of Sociology, Indiana University.
Brown, R. (2000), ‘Social Identity Theory: Past Achievements, Current Problems and Future Challenges’, European Journal of Social Psychology, 30: 745–778.
Budge, I., Klingemann, H.-D., Volkens, A., Bara, J.Tanebaum, E. (2001), Mapping Policy Preferences: Estimates for Parties, Electors, and Governments, 1945–1998 (Oxford: Oxford University Press).
Butler, D.Stokes, D. (1969), Political Change in Britain: Forces Shaping Electoral Choice (London: Macmillan).
Campbell, A., Converse, P.E., Miller, W.E.Stokes, D.E. (1960), The American Voter (Chicago: University of Chicago Press).
Casal Bértoa, F. (2013), ‘Post-Communist Politics: On the Divergence (and/or Convergence) of East and West’, Government and Opposition, 48(3): 398–433.
Clark, T.N.Lipset, S.M. (1991), ‘Are Social Classes Dying?’, Journal of Social Issues, 6: 397–410.
Dahrendorf, R. (1959), Classes and Class Conflict in Industrial Society (Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press).
Dalton, R.J. (2002), Citizen Politics: Public Opinion and Political Parties in Advanced Industrial Democracies, 3rd edn (New York: Chatham House).
Deegan-Krause, K. (2007), ‘New Dimensions of Political Cleavage’, in R.J. Dalton and H.-D. Klingemann (eds), The Oxford Handbook of Political Behavior (Oxford: Oxford University Press): 538–556.
van Deth, J.W. (1995), ‘A Macro Setting for Micro Politics’, in J.W. van Deth and E. Scarbrough (eds), The Impact of Values (Oxford: Oxford University Press): 48–75.
Dey, E.L. (1996), ‘Undergraduate Political Attitudes: An Examination of Peer, Faculty, and Social Influences’, Research in Higher Education, 37: 535–554.
Dow, J.K.Endersby, J.W. (2004), ‘Multinomial Probit and Multinomial Logit: A Comparison of Choice Models for Voting Research’, Electoral Studies, 23: 107–122.
Emler, N.Frazer, E. (1999), ‘Politics: The Education Effect’, Oxford Review of Education, 25: 251–273.
Erikson, R., Goldthorpe, J.H.Portocarero, L. (1979), ‘Intergenerational Class Mobility in Three Western European Societies: England, France and Sweden’, British Journal of Sociology, 30: 415–441.
Evans, G. (1999), The End of Class Politics? Class Voting in Comparative Context (Oxford: Oxford University Press).
Evans, G. (2010), ‘Models, Measures and Mechanisms: An Agenda for Progress in Cleavage Research’, West European Politics, 33: 634–647.
Feldman, S. (2003), ‘Enforcing Social Conformity: A Theory of Authoritarianism’, Political Psychology, 24: 41–74.
Flanagan, S.C. (1987), ‘Value Change in Industrial Societies’, American Political Science Review, 81: 1303–1319.
Flanagan, S.C.Lee, A.-R. (2003), ‘The New Politics, Culture Wars, and the Authoritarian–Libertarian Value Change in Advanced Industrial Democracies’, Comparative Political Studies, 36: 235–270.
Franklin, M.N. (2010), ‘Cleavage Research: A Critical Appraisal’, West European Politics, 33: 648–658.
Goul Andersen, J. (1997), ‘Changing Class Cleavages’, in O. Borre and J. Goul Andersen (eds), Voting and Political Attitudes in Denmark (Aarhus: Aarhus University Press): 114–159.
Gross, N.Fosse, E. (2012), ‘Why are Professors Liberal?’, Theory and Society, 41: 127–168.
Hansen, K.M.Goul Andersen, J. (2013), ‘En samlet model for partivalg’, in R. Stubager, K.M. Hansen and J. Goul Andersen (eds), Krisevalg. Økonomien og folketingsvalget 2011 (Copenhagen: DJØF-Forlag): 187–208.
Harrits, G.S., Prieur, A., Rosenlund, L.Skjott-Larsen, J. (2009), ‘Class and Politics in Denmark: Are Both Old and New Politics Structured by Class?’, Scandinavian Political Studies, 32: 1–27.
Heatherington, M.J.Weiler, J.D. (2009), Authoritarianism and Polarization in American Politics (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).
Henjak, A. (2010), ‘Political Cleavages and Socio-economic Context: How Welfare Regimes and Historial Divisions Shape Political Cleavages’, West European Politics, 33: 474–504.
Houtman, D., Achterberg, P.Derks, A. (2008), Farewell to the Leftist Working Class (New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers).
Inglehart, R. (1997), Modernization and Postmodernization: Cultural, Economic, and Political Change in 43 Societies (Princeton: Princeton University Press).
Ionescu, G. (1975), Centripetal Politics: Governments and the New Centres of Power (London: Hart-Davis, MacGibbon).
Ivarsflaten, E.Stubager, R. (2012), ‘Voting for the Populist Radical Right in Western Europe: The Role of Education’, in J. Rydgren (ed.), Class Politics and the Radical Right (London: Routledge): 122–137.
Jacobsen, D.I. (2001), ‘Higher Education as an Arena for Political Socialisation: Myth or Reality?’, Scandinavian Political Studies, 24: 351–368.
Jenssen, A.T. (1993), Verdivalg: Ny Massepolitik i Norge (Oslo: Ad Notam Gyldendal).
Kitschelt, H. (1994), The Transformation of European Social Democracy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).
Kitschelt, H. (1995), The Radical Right in Western Europe: A Comparative Analysis (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press).
Knutsen, O.Scarbrough, E. (1995), ‘Cleavage Politics’, in J.W. van Deth and E. Scarbrough (eds), The Impact of Values (Oxford: Oxford University Press): 492–523.
Kriesi, H., Grande, E., Lachat, R., Dolezal, M., Bornschier, S.Frey, T. (2008), Western European Politics in the Age of Globalization (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).
Lipset, S.M.Rokkan, S. (1967), ‘Cleavage Structures, Party Systems, and Voter Alignments: An Introduction’, in S.M. Lipset and S. Rokkan (eds), Party Systems and Voter Alignments: Cross-National Perspectives (New York: Free Press): 1–64.
McDermott, M.L. (2009), ‘Voting for Myself: Candidate and Voter Group Associations over Time’, Electoral Studies, 28: 606–614.
Mair, P. (2006), ‘Cleavages’, in R.S. Katz and W.J. Crotty (eds), Handbook of Party Politics (London: Sage): 371–375.
Nakhaie, M.R.Brym, R.J. (2011), ‘The Ideological Orientations of Canadian University Professors’, Canadian Journal of Higher Education, 41: 18–33.
Pascarella, E.T.Terenzini, P.T. (1991), How College Affects Students: Findings and Insights from Twenty Years of Research (San Francisco: Jossey-Bass).
Stephens, W.N.Long, C.S. (1970), ‘Education and Political Behavior’, Political Science Annual, 2: 3–33.
Stubager, R. (2008), ‘Education Effects on Authoritarian–Libertarian Values: A Question of Socialization’, British Journal of Sociology, 59: 327–350.
Stubager, R. (2009a), ‘Education-based Group Identity and Consciousness in the Authoritarian–Libertarian Value Conflict’, European Journal of Poltical Research, 48: 204–233.
Stubager, R. (2009b), ‘Hvem repræsenterer partierne?’, in J. Blom-Hansen and J. Elklit (eds), Perspektiver på politik (Aarhus: Academica): 38–43.
Stubager, R. (2010), ‘The Development of the Education Cleavage: Denmark as a Critical Case’, West European Politics, 33: 505–533.
Tajfel, H. (1974), ‘Social Identity and Intergroup Behaviour’, Social Science Information, 13: 65–93.
de Vries, C. (2013), ‘Ambivalent Europeans? Public Support for European Integration in East and West’, Government and Opposition, 48(3): 434–461.
van der Waal, J., Achterberg, P.Houtman, D. (2007), ‘Class is Not Dead – It Has Been Buried Alive: Class Voting and Cultural Voting in Postwar Western Societies (1956–1990)’, Politics & Society, 35: 403–426.
Weakliem, D.L. (2002), ‘The Effects of Education on Political Opinions: An International Study’, International Journal of Public Opinion Research, 13: 141–157.
Weil, F.D. (1985), ‘The Variable Effects of Education on Liberal Attitudes: A Comparative-Historical Analysis of Anti-Semitism Using Public Opinion Survey Data’, American Sociological Review, 50: 458–474.
van de Werfhorst, H.de Graaf, N.D. (2004), ‘The Sources of Political Orientations in Post-Industrial Society: Social Class and Education Revisited’, British Journal of Sociology, 55: 211–235.