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P. Allen , S. Turner , W. Bartlett , V. Perotin , G. Matchaya and B. Zamora (2012), ‘Provider diversity in the English NHS: a study of recent developments in four local health economies’, Journal of Health Services Research & Policy, 17(S1): 23–30.
G. Bevan and C. Hood (2006), ‘Targets and gaming in health care in England’, Public Administration, 84(3): 517–538.
G. Bevan and M. Skellern (2011), ‘Does competition between hospitals improve clinical quality? A review of evidence from two eras of competition in the English NHS’, British Medical Journal, 343: d6470.
Z. Cooper , S. Gibbons , S. Jones and A. McGuire (2011), ‘Does hospital competition save lives? Evidence from the English NHS patient choice reforms’, Economic Journal, 121: F228–F260.
S. Farrar , D. Yi , M. Sutton , M. Chalkley , J. Sussex and T. Scott (2009), ‘Has payment by results affected the way that English hospitals provide care?’, British Medical Journal, 339: b3047doi:10.1136/bmj.b3047.
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M. Gaynor , R. Moreno-Serra and C. Propper (2012), ‘Can competition improve outcomes in UK health care? Lessons from the past two decades’, Journal of Health Services Research & Policy, 17(S1): 49–54.
I. Greener (2012), ‘Unpacking the evidence on competition and outcomes in the NHS in England’, Journal of Health Services Research & Policy, 17(4): 193–194.
P. Hassenteufel , M. Smyrl , W. Genieys and F. Moreno-Fuentes (2010), ‘Programmatic actors and the transformation of European health care states’, Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law, 35(4): 517–538.
D. Hunter (2011), ‘Change of government: one more big bang health care reform in England’s National Health Service’, International Journal of Health Services, 41(1): 159–174.
D. Marsh and A. McConnell (2010), ‘Towards a framework for establishing policy success’, Public Administration, 88(2): 564–583.
R. Millar , M. Powell and A. Dixon (2012), ‘What was the programme theory of New Labour's Health System Reforms?’, Journal of Health Services Research & Policy, 17(S1): 7–15.
R. Pawson , T. Greenhalgh , G. Harvey and K. Walshe (2005), ‘Realist review – a new method of systematic review designed for complex policy interventions’, Journal of Health Services Research & Policy, 10(S1): 21–34.
A. Pollock , A. Macfarlane , G. Kirkwood , F. Majeed , I. Greener , C. Morelli , S. Boyle , H. Mellett , S. Godden , D. Price and P. Brhlikova (2011), ‘No evidence that patient choice in the NHS saves lives’, The Lancet, 378: 2057–2060.
C. Propper (2012), ‘Competition, incentives and the English NHS’, Health Economics, 21: 33–40.
C. Propper , S. Burgess and D. Gossage (2008), ‘Competition and quality: evidence from the NHS internal market 1991-9’, The Economic Journal, 118: 138–170.
J. Smith , J. Dixon , N. Mays , H. McLeod , N. Goodwin , S. McClelland , R. Lewis and S. Wyke (2005), ‘Practice-based commissioning: applying the evidence’, British Medical Journal, 331: 1397–1399.
A. Street , P. Sivey , A. Mason , M. Miraldo and L. Siciliani (2010), ‘Are English treatment centres treating less complex patients?’, Health Policy, 94: 150–157.
F. Frosini , A. Dixon and R. Robertson (2012), ‘Competition in the NHS: a provider perspective’, Journal of Health Services Research & Policy, 17(S1): 16–22.
C. Propper , S. Burgess and K. Green (2004), ‘Does competition between hospitals improve the quality of care? Hospital death rates and the NHS internal market’, Journal of Public Economics, 88: 1247–1272.