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Efficacy of Alcohol-Based Hand Rubs in the Disinfection of Stethoscopes

  • Aneesh K. Mehta (a1), J. Sue Halvosa (a1), Carolyn V. Gould (a1) and James P. Steinberg (a1)
Corresponding author
Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, 101 Woodruff Circle, Suite 2101, Atlanta, GA 30033 (
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1.Gerken, A, Cavanagh, S, Winner, HI. Infection hazard from stethoscopes in hospital. Lancet 1972;1(7762):12141215.
2.Garner, TK, Rimland, D. Stethoscopes and infections. JAMA 1982;248(3): 310.
3.Smith, MA, Mathewson, JJ, Ulert, IA, Scerpella, EG, Ericsson, CD. Contaminated stethoscopes revisited. Arch Intern Med 1996;156(1):8284.
4.Brook, I. The stethoscope as a potential source of transmission of infection. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 1997;18(9):608.
5.Wurtz, R, Weinstein, R. Microbiologic contamination and cleaning personal medical equipment. JAMA 1998;280(6):519520.
6.Bernard, L, Kereveur, A, Durand, D, et al.Bacterial contamination of hospital physicians' stethoscopes. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 1999;20(9):626628.
7.Thofern, UAR. Bacterial contamination of hospital physicians' stethoscopes. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2000;21(9):558559.
8.Boyce, JM, Pettet, D; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Guideline for hand hygiene in health-care settings: recommendations of the healthcare infection control practices advisory committee and the HIC-PAC/SHEA/IDSA Hand Hygiene Task Force. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2002;51(RR-16):145.
9.Cohen, SR, McCormack, DJ, Youkhana, A, Wall, R. Bacterial colonization of stethoscopes and the effect of cleaning. J Hosp Infect 2003;55(3):236237.
10.Hill, C, King, T, Day, R. A strategy to reduce MRSA colonization of stethoscopes. J Hosp Infect 2006;62(1):122123.
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Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology
  • ISSN: 0899-823X
  • EISSN: 1559-6834
  • URL: /core/journals/infection-control-and-hospital-epidemiology
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