Skip to main content
×
Home

Epidemiology of Biological-Exposure Incidents Among Spanish Healthcare Workers

  • Vicente Monge (a1), Gloria Mato (a2), Alberto Mariano (a2), Cristina Fernández (a2), José Fereres (a2) and GERABTAS Working Group...
Abstract
Abstract Objective:

To determine the frequency and the epidemiological characteristics of biological-exposure incidents occurring among healthcare personnel.

Design:

Prospective surveillance study.

Setting:

Participating Spanish primary-care and specialty centers from January 1994 to December 1997.

Participants:

70 centers in 1994, 87 in 1995, 97 in 1996, and 104 in 1997.

Methods:

Absolute and relative frequencies were calculated for several variables (position held, area of care, type of injuring object, activity, etc) and for the different categories of each variable.

Results:

There were 20,235 registered incidents. Annual incidence rates were as follows: 1994, 51 per 1,000; 1995, 58 per 1,000; 1996, 54 per 1,000; and 1997, 59 per 1,000. Mean age of accident victims was as follows: 1994, 35.68 (standard deviation [SD], 16.26); 1995, 33.6 (SD, 11.9); 1996, 38.2 (SD, 17.27); and 1997, 36.7 (SD, 16.33) years. Of the 20,235 incidents, 15,860 (80.7%) occurred to women; 50% (9,833) accidents were among nursing staff. The type of incident most frequently reported was percutaneous injury (81.1%). The highest frequency of accidents was seen in medical and surgical areas (28% and 25.6%, respectively). Blood and blood products were the most commonly involved material (87.6%). Administration of intramuscular or intravenous medication was the activity associated with the highest accident rate (20.3%). The most frequent immediate action in response was rinsing and disinfecting (65.6%).

Conclusions:

The incident registry was highly stable in terms of incidence rates over the observation period and served to highlight the large number of incidents recorded each year. The potential implications of die results are the need to explore reasons for increased exposures in certain areas, with the aim of focusing prevention efforts, and, similarly, to establish the factors associated with diminished incidence rates to model successful measures.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Ctra Colmenar Viejo Km 9.100, 28034 Madrid, Spain
References
Hide All
1. Marcus R, the CDC cooperative Needlestick Surveillance Group. Surveillance of health care workers exposed to blood from patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus. N Engl J Med 1988;319:11181123.
2. Ippolito G, Puro V, De Carli G. The risk of occupational human immunodeficiency virus infection in health care workers: Italian multicenter study. Arch Intern Med 1993;153:14511458.
3. Tokars JI, Bell DM, Culver DH, Marcus R, Mendelson MH, Sloan EP, et al. Percutaneous injuries during surgical procedures. JAMA 1992;267:28992904.
4. Panlilio AL, Foy DR, Edwards JR, Bell DM, Welch BA, Parrish CM, et al. Blood contacts during surgical procedures. JAMA 1991;265:15331537.
5. Gerberding JL, Littell C, Tarkington A, Brown A, Schecter WP. Risk of exposure of surgical personnel to patients' blood during surgery at San Francisco General Hospital. N Engl J Med 1990;322:17881793.
6. Fitch K, Pérez L, De Andres R, Najera R. Estudio multicentrico de la CEE sobre exposition accidental al VIH. Pub Of SEISIDA 1994;5:193.
7. INSALUD. Grupo español de Registro de accidentes Biológicos en Trabajadores de Atencion de Salud. Accidentes biologicos en profesionales sanitarios. Epidemiologia y prevention. Madrid, Spain: International, Marketing & Communications; 1995.
8. Hamory B. Underreporting of needlestick injuries in a university hospital. Am J Med 1991;90:8590.
9. Shanks NJ, Al-Kalai D. Occupation of needlestick injuries among health care personnel in Saudi Arabia. JHosp Infect 1995;29:221226.
10. Lymer UB, Antonsson Schutz A, Isaksson B. A descriptive study of blood exposure incidents among healthcare workers in a university hospital in Sweden. J Hosp Infect 1997;35:223235.
11. Khuri-Bulos NA, Toukan A, Mahafzah A, Al Adham M, Faori I, Abud Khader I, et al. Epidemiology of needlestick and sharp injuries at a university hospital in a developing country: a 3-year prospective study at the Jordan University hospital, 1993 through 1995. Am J Infect Control 1997;25:322329.
12. Jagger J, Hunt EH, Brand-Elnaggar J, Pearson RD. Rates of needle-stick injury caused by various devices in a university hospital. N Engl J Med 1988;319:284288.
13. Pedersen EB. Potentially hazardous exposure to blood among hospital personnel: a retrospective study of systematically registered exposure during the period 1990-1994 [in Danish]. Ugeskr Laeger 1996;158:18071811.
14. Adegboye AA, Moss GB, Soyinka F, Kreiss JK. The epidemiology of needlestick and sharp instrument accidents in a Nigerian hospital. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 1994;15:2731.
15. Aiken LH, Sloane DM, Klocinski JL. Hospital nurses occupational exposure to blood: prospective, retrospective and institutional reports. Am J Public Health 1997;87:103107.
16. Nelsing S, Nielsen TL, Nielsen JO. Percutaneous blood exposure among Danish doctors: exposure mechanisms and strategies for prevention. Eur J Epidemiol 1997;13:387393.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology
  • ISSN: 0899-823X
  • EISSN: 1559-6834
  • URL: /core/journals/infection-control-and-hospital-epidemiology
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 1 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 83 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 25th November 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.