Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

Knowledge About HIV Infection and Attitude of Nursing Staff Toward Patients With AIDS in Iran

  • Mehrdad Askarian (a1), Zohreh Hashemi (a1), Peyman Jaafari (a2) and Ojan Assadian (a3)
Abstract
Background.

Although adequate knowledge about HIV infection and effective antitransmission measures, such as taking universal precautions in the handling of blood and other body fluids, are important factors in minimizing the risk of HIV transmission in the healthcare setting, little has been reported on the knowledge of nurses with regard to HIV infection and their attitude toward patients with AIDS in Iran. The aim of the present study was to assess these matters.

Methods.

A questionnaire-based cross-sectional study was conducted from March to April 2003. Included were 1098 nursing staff (registered nurses, registered midwives, and auxiliary nurses) from 8 university teaching hospitals affiliated with the Shiraz University of Medical Sciences.

Results.

Registered nurses and midwives had a significantly higher level of knowledge about HIV infection than did auxiliary nurses (χ2 = 16.4; df = 1; P<.001). With regard to the causative agent of AIDS, nurses holding a bachelor of science in nursing or a master of science in nursing (MSN) had a significantly higher level of knowledge than did auxiliary nurses (χ2 = 18.6; df = 1; P<.001). Women more often answered correctly that it is not possible to identify HIV-infected patients by their appearance during the early stages of disease than did men (χ2 = 17.52; df= 1; P<.001). Although 50.7% of respondents had previously cared for patients with AIDS and 54.3% had participated in education programs on AIDS, nearly half stated that they would not want to have to care for patients with AIDS and that, if assigned to care for such a patient, they would ask to be assigned elsewhere.

Conclusions.

Our finding that those who scored best on the questionnaire were midwives and single female nurses holding an MSN who had previously cared for HIV-infected patients scored best might indicate that use of selective education campaigns is the most suitable education strategy. The effectiveness of targeted education programs on HIV/AIDS should be repeatedly evaluated in the future.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Department of Hygiene and Medical Microbiology, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna General Hospital, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, 1090 Vienna, Austria (ojan.assadian@meduniwien.ac.at)
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

8. DM Cardo , DH Culver , C Ciesielski , et al. A case-control study of HIV seroconversion in health care workers after percutaneous exposure. N Engl J Med 1997; 337:14851490.

9. JS Garner . Guideline for isolation precautions in hospitals. The Hospital Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 1996; 17:5380.

14. BA Schillo , TM Reischl . HIV-related knowledge and precautions among Michigan nurses. Am J Public Health 1993; 83:14381442.

15. P Brachman Jr, P Kozarsky , M Cetron , et al. Knowledge and attitudes of hospital-based physicians and trainees about HIV infection in the United States, Canada, India, and Thailand. Arch Intern Med 1996; 156:761766.

16. ME Ryan , L Jones , D Miller . Healthcare workers and bloodborne pathogens: knowledge, concerns, and practices. Gastroenterol Nurs 1996; 19:96101.

18. G Brattebo , T Wisborg , H Sjursen . Health workers and the human immunodeficiency virus: knowledge, ignorance and behaviour. Public Health 1990; 104:123130.

19. A Roumeliotou , E Kornarou , V Papaevangelou , et al. Knowledge, attitudes and practices of Greek health professionals, in relation to AIDS. Eur J Epidemiol 1992; 8:812815.

24. H Kitaura , N Adachi , K Kobayashi , T Yamada . Knowledge and attitudes of Japanese dental health care workers towards HIV-related disease. J Dent 1997; 25:279283.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology
  • ISSN: 0899-823X
  • EISSN: 1559-6834
  • URL: /core/journals/infection-control-and-hospital-epidemiology
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 99 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 24th July 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.