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    Gushulak, B. D. and MacPherson, D. W. 2000. Population Mobility and Infectious Diseases: The Diminishing Impact of Classical Infectious Diseases and New Approaches for the 21st Century. Clinical Infectious Diseases, Vol. 31, Issue. 3, p. 776.

  • International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care, Volume 10, Issue 1
  • January 1994, pp. 14-20

The Effectiveness of Means of Controlling Communicable Diseases

  • Kenneth S. Warren (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 14 October 2009

Most communicable diseases are caused by infectious agents that are not visible to the naked eye, which led earlier societies to believe in miasmas and control by quarantine. Although microscopes revealed the agents in the eighteenth century, they were not associated with disease syndromes until the late nineteeth century. Today, vaccines are the most cost-effective means of control.

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International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
  • ISSN: 0266-4623
  • EISSN: 1471-6348
  • URL: /core/journals/international-journal-of-technology-assessment-in-health-care
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