Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Population dynamics of soybean stem fly Melanagromyza sojae (Diptera: Agromyzidae) and its parasitoids in Maharashtra State of India

  • Babasaheb B. Fand (a1), Mahesh B. Gaikwad (a1), Nitin T. Sul (a1), Mahesh Kumar (a1), Kiran P. Bhagat (a1) (a2), Santanu K. Bal (a1) and P.S. Minhas (a1)...
Abstract

The cryptic nature and lack of consistent biological control of the stem fly, Melanagromyza sojae Zehntner, an emerging pest of soybean, Glycine max (L.) Merrill, necessitated the monitoring and assessment of the impact of the parasitoid complex on seasonal regulation of the pest population. In this paper, we measure and relate, using the host density as a predictor variable, the seasonal density dependence of M. sojae parasitoids and the level of parasitism in soybean fields. The results revealed density dependence of parasitioids. The populations built up concomitant with the host insect, reached their peak during the mid-season, and declined towards the end of the crop season. A complex of 10 species of hymenopteran parasitoids comprising six species from Pteromalidae and one species each from the families Eurytomitidae, Eucoilidae, Braconidae and Eulopidae had a significant impact on M. sojae populations with a peak parasitism of ~50%. The seasonality and relative abundance of parasitoids were explored. Eurytoma sp. (Eurytomitidae) and Gronotoma sp. (Eucoilidae) were the most prevalent parasitoids throughout the season, whereas the pteromalid Sphegigaster sp. was dominant during the mid-season. The modulation of management practices aimed at conservation of these bioagents could improve the biological control of M. sojae populations. We discuss the practicality of several management options aimed at achieving this goal.

Copyright
Corresponding author
*E-mail: babasahebfand@gmail.com
Footnotes
Hide All

Present address: ICAR-Central Institute for Cotton Research, Nagpur – 440 010, Maharashtra, India

Footnotes
References
Hide All
Abdallah, F. E., Boraei, A. H. and Mohamed, H. M. (2014) Susceptibility of some soybean varieties and effect of planting dates on infestation with soybean stem fly, Melanagromyza sojae (Zehnt.) at Kafr El-Sheikh region. Journal of Agricultural Research Kafr El-Sheikh University 40, 390400.
Anonymous (2004) Annual Report All India Coordinated Research Project on Soybean, Indore Centre, pp. 275278. Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India: Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR).
Anonymous (2007) Annual Report All India Coordinated Research Project on Soybean, Indore Centre. Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India: Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR).
Awasthi, M., Sharma, A. and Singh, R. (2003) Screening of soybean genotypes for resistance against three major insect-pests. Part of MSc thesis, National Research Centre for Soybean (ICAR).
Casteel, S. (2011) Soybean physiology: how well do you know soybeans? Purdue University, USA. Available online at: https://www.agry.purdue.edu/ext/soybean/Arrivals/10SoyDevt.pdf. Accessed on 09/02/2016.
Dey, D., Mukherji, I. and Trimohan, (2008) Evaluation of some insecticides against Melanagromyza sojae Zehnt. and Bemisia tabaci Genn. on soybean. Pesticide Research Journal 20, 7274.
Djuwarso, T., Soejitno, J. and Okada, T. (1992) Studi populasi lalat kacang pada tana man kedelai. Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan pertanian, Bali Penelitian Tanaman Pangan Bogor. Edisi Khusus 4, 6992. (in Indonesian).
Du, J. R. and Hong, L. M. (1982) An initial report of an experiment on controlling the agromyzid fly (Melanagromyza sojae) of soybean with carbofuran and the loss of yield caused by the pest. Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University 5, 5661. doi: 10.7685/j.issn.1000-2030.1982.03.005.
Gain, D. and Kundu, G. G. (1986) Seasonal incidence of the bean stem miner, Melanagromyza sojae (Zehnt) in soybean at Delhi. Journal of Entomological Research 10, 152154.
Gain, D. and Kundu, G. G. (1988) Insecticidal control of soybean stem miner, Melanagromyza sojae (Zehnter). Entomon 13, 99102.
Gangrade, G. A. and Kogan, M. (1980) Sampling stem flies in soybean, pp. 394403. In Sampling Methods in Soybean Entomology (edited by Kogan, M. and Harzog, D. C.). Springer-Verlag, New York.
Gaur, N., Sharma, P. and Nautiyal, A. (2015) Seasonal incidence of major insect-pests of soybean and their correlation with abiotic factors. Journal of Hill Agriculture 6, 7578.
Goot, P. V. D. (1930) Agromyzid Flies of Some Native Legume Crops in Java (Translated from the Dutch). Tropical Vegetable Information Service, Asian Vegetable Research and Development Center, Shanhua, Taiwan, Printed 1984. 98 pp.
Ipe, I. M. and Bhati, Y. K. S. (1977) Zur Biologie von Melanagromyza sojae (Zehnt.) (Diptera: Agromyzidae) und zu ihrem Auftreten in fünf Hülsenfruchtarten bei Agra, Indien. Anzeiger Schādlingskunde, Pflanzenschutz und Umweltschutz 50, 104106.
Jadhav, S. N., Naik, L. K., Giraddi, R. S., Babalad, H. B. and Kataraki, P. A. (2013) Development of management strategies against stem fly Melanagromyza sojae (Zehntner) in soybean ecosystem. Journal of Experimental Zoology, India 16, 245252.
Jayappa, A. H. (2000) Studies on the soybean stem fly M. sojae (Zehnt) with reference to crop loss assessment, screening of varieties and management. MSc (Agri.) Thesis, University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore. 198 pp.
Jayappa, A. H., Reddy, K. M. S. and Kumar, N. G. (2002) Parasitoids of soybean stem fly, Melanagromyza sojae (Zehntner) (Diptera: Agromyzidae). Insect Environment 8, 192.
Kraaijeveld, A. R., Van Alphen, J. J. M. and Godfray, H. C. (1998) The coevolution of host resistance and parasitoid virulence. Parasitology 116, S29S45.
Kumar, N. G., Nguyen, P. D. H., Nirmala, P. and Hiremath, U. S. (2009) Effect of various methods of application of insecticides on stem fly and termite incidence in soybean. Karnataka Journal of Agricultural Sciences 22, 642643.
Kundu, G. G. and Srivastava, K. P. (1991) Management of soybean stem fly, Melanagromyza sojae (Zehntner) (Diptera: Agromyzidae) in plains of north India. Journal of Insect Science 4, 5053.
Naik, C. M., Swamy, M., Chandrappa, M. and Sasivihalli, P. B. (2013) Insect pests of soybean Glycine max (L.) Merrill. Insect Environment 19, 99100.
Patil, R. H. (2002) Evaluation of insect pest management components in soybean ecosystem. PhD thesis. University of Agricultural Science, Dharwad (India), 66–75 pp.
Rose, R. I., Lin, C. S., Kung, S. P., Kao, H. W., Su, C. Y. and Chang, C. Y. (1976) Bean flies and their control, pp. 169171. In Expanding the Use of Soybeans (edited by Goodman, R. M.). INTSOY Series No. 10. University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign, Urbana.
Savajji, K. (2006) Bioecology and management of soybean stem fly Melanagromyza sojae (Zehntner) (Diptera: Agromyzidae). MSc thesis, University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad, Karnataka (India).
Sharma, A. N., Gupta, G. K., Verma, R. K., Sharma, O. P., Bhagat, S., Amaresan, N., Saini, M. R., Chattopadhyay, C., Sushil, S. N., Asre, R., Kapoor, K. S., Satyagopal, K. and Jeyakumar, P. (2014) Integrated Pest Management Package for Soybean. National Centre for Integrated Pest Management, Faridabad, India. 41 pp. Available from: http://www.ncipm.org.in/NCIPMPDFs/ipmpackages/Soyabean%20Bulletin.pdf.
Shepard, B. M. and Barrion, A. T. (1998) Parasitoids of insects associated with soybean and vegetable crops in Indonesia. Journal of Agricultural Entomology 15, 239272.
Singh, K. J. and Singh, O. P. (1992) Influence of stem tunnelling by the maggots of M. sojae (Z.) on yield of soybean. Journal of Insect Science 5, 198200.
Singh, O. P. and Singh, K. J. (1990) Seasonal incidence and damage on Melanagromyza sojae (Zehntner) on soybean. Indian Journal of Plant Protection 18, 271275.
Singh, S. (1982) Ecology of the Agromyzidae (Diptera) Associated with Leguminous Crops in India. Memoirs of the School of Entomology, St Johns College, Agra, 126 pp.
Singh, S. and Beri, S. K. (1973) Studies on the immature stages of agromyzidae (Diptera) from India. Journal of Natural History 7, 2332. doi: 10.1080/00222937300770021
Talekar, N. S. (1990) Agromyzid Flies of Food Legumes in the Tropics. Wiley Eastern, New Delhi. 303 pp.
van den Berg, H., Ankasah, D., Hassan, K., Muhammed, A., Widayanto, H. A., Wirasto, H. B. and Yully, I. (1995) Soybean stem fly, Melanagromyza sojae (Diptera: Agromyzidae), on Sumatra: seasonal incidence and the role of parasitism. International Journal of Pest Management 41, 127133.
van den Berg, H., Shepard, B. M. and Nasikin, (1998) Response of soybean to attack by stem fly Melanagromyza sojae in farmers’ fields in Indonesia. Journal of Applied Ecology 35, 514522.
Venkatesan, T. and Kundu, G. G. (1994) Yield-infestation relationship and determination of economic injury level of stem fly, Melanagromyza sojae (Zehnt.) infesting soybean. Journal of Entomological Research 18, 265270.
Willett, J. B. and Singer, J. D. (1987) Interpreting the results of weighted least-squares regression: Caveats for the statistical consumer, p. 29. In Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, 20–24 April, Washington, DC. Available from: https://eric.ed.gov/?id=ED282906.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

International Journal of Tropical Insect Science
  • ISSN: 1742-7584
  • EISSN: 1742-7592
  • URL: /core/journals/international-journal-of-tropical-insect-science
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 1
Total number of PDF views: 31 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 402 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 16th October 2017 - 28th May 2018. This data will be updated every 24 hours.