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Comparison of structural connectivity in Parkinson's disease with depressive symptoms versus non-depressed: a diffusion MRI connectometry study

  • Mina Ansari (a1) (a2), Sahand Adib Moradi (a1) (a2), Farzaneh Ghazi Sherbaf (a1) (a2), Abozar Hedayatnia (a1) and Mohammad Hadi Aarabi (a1) (a2)...
Abstract
Objective:

Research on psychobiological markers of Parkinson's disease (PD) remains a hot topic. Non-motor symptoms such as depression and REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD) each attribute to a particular neurodegenerative cluster in PD, and might enlighten the way for early prediction/detection of PD. The neuropathology of mood disturbances remains unclear. In fact, a few studies have investigated depression using diffusion magnetic resonance imaging (diffusion MRI).

Method:

Diffusion MRI of PD patients without comorbid RBD was used to assess whether microstructural abnormalities are detectable in the brain of 40 PD patients with depression compared to 19 patients without depression. Diffusion MRI connectometry was used to carry out group analysis between age- and gender-matched PD patients with and without depressive symptoms. Diffusion MRI connectometry is based on spin distribution function, which quantifies the density of diffusing water and is a sensitive and specific analytical method to psychological differences between groups.

Results:

A significant difference (FDR = 0.016129) was observed in the left and right uncinate fasciculi, left and right inferior longitudinal fasciculi, left and right fornices, left inferior fronto-occipital fasciculus, right corticospinal tract, genu of corpus callosum, and middle cerebellar peduncle.

Conclusion:

These results suggest the prominent circuits involved in emotion recognition, particularly negative emotions, might be impaired in comorbid depressive symptoms in PD.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Correspondence should be addressed to: Mohammad Hadi Aarabi, Neuroimaging Network (NIN), Universal Scientific Education and Research Network (USERN) Office, Children's Medical Center Hospital, Dr. Qarib Street, Keshavarz Blvd, Tehran 14194, Iran. Phone: +98-21-6692-9234. Email: mohammadhadiarabi@gmail.com.
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Mina Ansari and Sahand Adib Moradi contributed equally to this work.

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International Psychogeriatrics
  • ISSN: 1041-6102
  • EISSN: 1741-203X
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