Agresti A. (1999). Modelling ordered categorical data: recent advances and future challenges. Statistics in Medicine, 18, 2191–2207.
Aguero-Torres H., Fratiglioni L. and Winblad B. (1998). Natural history of Alzheimer's disease and other dementias: review of the literature in the light of the findings from the Kungsholmen Project. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 13, 755–766.
Alzheimer's Association (2010). 2010 Alzheimer's disease facts and figures. Alzheimer's & Dementia, 6, 158–194. doi: 10.1016/j.jalz.2010.01.009.
American Psychiatric Association (1987). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, DSM-III-R. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
Andel R., Vigen C., Mack W. J., Clark L. J. and Gatz M. (2006). The effect of education and occupational complexity on rate of cognitive decline in Alzheimer's patients. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 12, 147–152.
Bartels S. J. (2003). Improving system of care for older adults with mental illness in the United States. Findings and recommendations for the President's New Freedom Commission on Mental Health. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 11, 486–497.
Boksay I., Boksay E., Reisberg B., Torossian C. and Krishnamurthy M. (2005). Alzheimer's disease and medical disease conditions: a prospective cohort study. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 53, 2235–2236.
et al. (2007). Pattern and progression of cognitive decline in Alzheimer's disease: role of premorbid intelligence and ApoE genotype. Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders, 24, 483–491. doi: 10.1159/000111081.
Breitner J. C.
et al. (1999). APOE-epsilon4 count predicts age when prevalence of AD increases, then declines: the Cache County Study. Neurology, 53, 321–331.
Brickman A. M.
et al. (2008). Measuring cerebral atrophy and white matter hyperintensity burden to predict the rate of cognitive decline in Alzheimer disease. Archives of Neurology, 65, 1202–1208. doi: 10.1001/archneur.65.9.1202.
et al. (2005). Phosphorylated tau predicts rate of cognitive decline in MCI subjects: a comparative CSF study. Neurology, 65, 1502–1503. doi: 10.1212/01.wnl.0000183284.92920.f2.
Callahan C. M.
et al. (2011). Implementing dementia care models in primary care settings: the Aging Brain Care Medical Home. Aging & Mental Health, 15, 5–12. doi: 10.1080/13607861003801052.
Casella G. and Berger R. L. (2002). Statistical Inference, Second Edition. Pacific Grove, CA: Duxbury Press.
Colantuoni E., Surplus G., Hackman A., Arrighi H. M. and Brookmeyer R. (2010). Web-based application to project the burden of Alzheimer's disease. Alzheimer's & Dementia, 6, 425–428. doi: 10.1016/j.jalz.2010.01.014.
et al. (2008). Prognosis of Alzheimer's disease today: a two-year prospective study in 686 patients from the REAL-FR Study. Alzheimers & Dementia, 4, 22–29.
Counsell S. R.
et al. (2007). Geriatric care management for low-income seniors: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA, 298, 2623–2633. doi: 10.1001/jama.298.22.2623.
Counsell S. R., Callahan C. M., Tu W., Stump T. E. and Arling G. W. (2009). Cost analysis of the geriatric resources for assessment and care of elders care management intervention. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 57, 1420–1426.
Cummings J. L. (1997). The Neuropsychiatric Inventory: assessing psychopathology in dementia patients. Neurology, 48, S10–S16.
Dooneief G., Marder K., Tang M. X. and Stern Y. (1996). The Clinical Dementia Rating scale: community-based validation of “profound” and “terminal” stages. Neurology, 46, 1746–1749.
Doraiswamy P. M., Leon J., Cummings J. L., Marin D. and Neumann P. J. (2002). Prevalence and impact of medical comorbidity in Alzheimer's disease. Journals of Gerontology, Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, 57, M173–M177.
Folstein M. F., Folstein S. E. and McHugh P. R. (1975). “Mini-mental state”: a practical method for grading the cognitive state of patients for the clinician. Journal of Psychiatry Research, 12, 189–198.
Hoyt B. D., Massman P. J., Schatschneider C., Cooke N. and Doody R. S. (2005). Individual growth curve analysis of APOE epsilon 4-associated cognitive decline in Alzheimer disease. Archives of Neurology, 62, 454–459. doi: 10.1001/archneur.62.3.454.
Hughes C. P., Berg L., Danziger W. L., Coben L. A. and Martin R. L. (1982). A new clinical scale for the staging of dementia. British Journal of Psychiatry, 140, 566–572.
Jung S. H. and Ahn C. (2003). Sample size estimation for GEE method for comparing slopes in repeated measurements data. Statistics in Medicine, 22, 1305–1315.
Kawas C., Segal J., Stewart W. F., Corrada M. and Thal L. J. (1994). A validation study of the dementia questionnaire. Archives of Neurology, 51, 901–906.
Kester M. I.
et al. (2009). CSF biomarkers predict rate of cognitive decline in Alzheimer disease. Neurology, 73, 1353–1358. doi: 10.1212/WNL.0b013e3181bd8271.
Kuo T. C., Zhao Y., Weir S., Kramer M. S. and Ash A. S. (2008). Implications of comorbidity on costs for patients with Alzheimer disease. Medical Care, 46, 839–846.
Laird N. and Ware J. H. (1982). Random-effects models for longitudinal data. Biometrics, 38, 963–974.
Lyketsos C. G. (2012). Prevention of unnecessary hospitalization for patients with dementia: the role of ambulatory care. JAMA, 307, 197–198. doi: 10.1001/jama.2011.2005.
Lyketsos C. G.
et al. (1999). The General Medical Health Rating: a bedside global rating of medical comorbidity in patients with dementia. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 47, 487–491.
Lyketsos C. G., Steinberg M., Tschanz J. T., Norton M. C., Steffens D. C. and Breitner J. C. (2000). Mental and behavioral disturbances in dementia: findings from the Cache County Study on Memory in Aging. American Journal of Psychiatry, 157, 708–714.
Lyketsos C. G.
et al. (2005). Population-based study of medical comorbidity in early dementia and “cognitive impairment, no dementia (CIND)”: association with functional and cognitive impairment: the Cache County Study. American Journal of Psychiatry, 13, 656–664.
Lyketsos C. G.
et al. (2006). Position statement of the American Association for Geriatric Psychiatry regarding principles of care for patients with dementia resulting from Alzheimer disease. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 14, 561–572. doi:10.1097/01.JGP.0000221334.65330.55.
Martins C. A., Oulhaj A., de Jager C. A. and Williams J. H. (2005). APOE alleles predict the rate of cognitive decline in Alzheimer disease: a nonlinear model. Neurology, 65, 1888–1893.
McKhann G., Drachman D., Folstein M., Katzman R., Price D. and Stadlan E. M. (1984). Clinical diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease: report of the NINCDS-ADRDA Work Group under the auspices of department of health and human services task force on Alzheimer's disease. Neurology, 34, 939–944.
Mielke M. M.
et al. (2007). Vascular factors predict rate of progression in Alzheimer disease. Neurology, 69, 1850–1858. doi: 10.1212/01.wnl.0000279520.59792.fe.
et al. (2002). Volumetric MRI predicts rate of cognitive decline related to AD and cerebrovascular disease. Neurology, 59, 867–873.
Rabins P. V., Lyketsos C. G. and Steele C. (2006). Practical Dementia Care. New York: Oxford University Press.
StataCorp LP (2009). STATA Version 11.1. Texas: StataCorp.
Storandt M., Grant E. A., Miller J. P. and Morris J. C. (2002). Rates of progression in mild cognitive impairment and early Alzheimer's disease. Neurology, 59, 1034–1041.
Teng E. L. and Chui H. C. (1987). The Modified Mini-Mental State (3MS) Examination. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 48, 314–318.
Tschanz J. T.
et al. (2000). Dementia diagnoses from clinical and neuropsychological data compared: the Cache County study. Neurology, 54, 1290–1296.
Tschanz J.T., Welsh-Bohmer K.A., Plassman B.L., Norton M.C., Wyse B.W. and Breitner J.C. (2002). An adaptation of the modified Mini-Mental State Examination: analysis of demographic influences and normative data: the Cache County study. Neuropsychology, Neuropsychiatry, and Behavioral Neurology, 15, 28–38.
Tschanz J. T.
et al. (2011). Progression of cognitive, functional, and neuropsychiatric symptom domains in a population cohort with Alzheimer dementia: the Cache County Dementia Progression Study. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 19, 532–542. doi: 10.1097/JGP.0b013e3181faec23.
Vickrey B. G.
et al. (2006). The effect of a disease management intervention on quality and outcomes of dementia care: a randomized, controlled trial. Annals of Internal Medicine, 145, 713–726.
Wilkosz P. A.
et al. (2010). Trajectories of cognitive decline in Alzheimer's disease. International Psychogeriatrics, 22, 281–290.
Wilson R. S.
et al. (2004). Education and the course of cognitive decline in Alzheimer disease. Neurology, 63, 1198–1202.
Xie S. X., Ewbank D. C., Chittams J., Karlawish J. H., Arnold S. E. and Clark C. M. (2009). Rate of decline in Alzheimer disease measured by a dementia severity rating scale. Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders, 23, 268–274. doi: 10.1097/WAD.0b013e318194a324.