This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.
B. A. Appels and E. Scherder (2010). The diagnostic accuracy of dementia-screening instruments with an administration time of 10 to 45 minutes for use in secondary care: a systematic review. American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias, 25, 301–316.
S. Borson , J. Scanlan , M. Brush , P. Vitaliano and A. Dokmak (2000). The mini-cog: a cognitive ‘vital signs’ measure for dementia screening in multi-lingual elderly. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 15, 1021–1027.
P. Brooke and Bullock , R. (1999). Validation of a 6 Item Cognitive Impairment Test with a view to primary care usage. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 14, 936–940.
H. Buschke et al. (1999). Screening for dementia with the memory impairment screen. Neurology, 52, 231–238.
D. A. Cahn-Weiner , K. Williams , J. Grace , G. Tremont , H. Westervelt and R. A. Stern (2003). Discrimination of dementia with lewy bodies from Alzheimer disease and Parkinson disease using the Clock Drawing Test. Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology : Official Journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology, 16, 85–92.
J. C. Chung (2009). Clinical validity of Fuld Object Memory Evaluation to screen for dementia in a Chinese society. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 24, 156–162.
J. C. Chung and S. K. H. W (2009). Validation of Fuld object memory evaluation for the detection of dementia in nursing home residents. Aging & Mental Health, 13, 274–279.
M. I. Clionsky and E. Clionsky (2010). Development and validation of the Memory Orientation Screening Test (MOST): a better screening test for dementia. American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias, 25, 650–656.
C. Cooper et al. (2011). A systematic review of treatments for refractory depression in older people. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 168, 681–688.
J. C. Dalrymple-Alford et al. (2010). The MoCA: well-suited screen for cognitive impairment in Parkinson disease. Neurology, 75, 1717–1725.
D. A. Drachman , J. M. Swearer , K. Kane , D. Osgood , C. O'Toole and M. Moonis (1996). The Cognitive Assessment Screening Test (CAST) for dementia. Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Nneurology, 9, 200–208.
M. F. Folstein , S. E. Folstein and P. R. McHugh (1975). “Mini-Mental State.” A practical method for grading the cognitive state of patients for the clinician. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 12, 189–198.
R. M. Frank and G. J. Byrne (2000). The clinical utility of the Hopkins Verbal Learning Test as a screening test for mild dementia. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 15, 317–324.
P. A. Fuld , D. M. Masur , A. D. Blau , H. Crystal and M. K. Aronson (1990). Object-memory evaluation for prospective detection of dementia in normal functioning elderly: predictive and normative data. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 12, 520–528.
E. Grober , C. Hall , A. E. Sanders and R. B. Lipton (2008). Free and cued selective reminding distinguishes Alzheimer's disease from vascular dementia. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 56, 944–946.
H. M. Hodkinson (1972). Evaluation of a Mental Test Score for assessment of mental impairment in the elderly. Age and Ageing, 1, 233–238.
S. Hsieh , S. Schubert , C. Hoon , E. Mioshi and J. R. Hodges (2013). Validation of the Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination III in Frontotemporal Dementia and Alzheimer's Disease. Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders, 36, 242–250.
B. N. Jones , E. L. Teng , M. F. Folstein and K. S. Harrison (1993). A new bedside test of cognition for patients with HIV infection. Annals of Internal Medicine, 119, 1001–1004.
E. Kalbe et al. (2004). DemTect: a new, sensitive cognitive screening test to support the diagnosis of mild cognitive impairment and early dementia. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 19, 136–143.
E. Kokmen , G. E. Smith , R. C. Petersen , E. Tangalos and R. C. Ivnik (1991). The short test of mental status. Correlations with standardized psychometric testing. Archives of Neurology, 48, 725–728.
G. Kuslansky , H. Buschke , M. Katz , M. Sliwinski and R. B. Lipton (2002). Screening for Alzheimer's disease: the memory impairment screen versus the conventional three-word memory test. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 50, 1086–1091.
G. Livingston , K. Johnston , C. Katona , J. Paton and C. G. Lyketsos (2005). Systematic review of psychological approaches to the management of neuropsychiatric symptoms of dementia. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 162, 1996–2021.
C. A. Luis , A. P. Keegan and M. Mullan (2009). Cross validation of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment in community dwelling older adults residing in the Southeastern US. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 24, 197–201.
R. Mahoney , K. Johnston , C. Katona , K. Maxmin and G. Livingston (2005). The TE4D-Cog: a new test for detecting early dementia in English-speaking populations. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 20, 1172–1179.
P. J. Manos and R. Wu (1994). The ten point clock test: a quick screen and grading method for cognitive impairment in medical and surgical patients. International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine, 24, 229–244.
R. Martin and D. O'Neill (2009). Taxing your memory. Lancet, 373, 2009–2010.
B. T. Mast , J. Fitzgerald , J. Steinberg , S. E. MacNeill and P. A. Lichtenberg (2001). Effective screening for Alzheimer's disease among older African Americans. The Clinical Neuropsychologist, 15, 196–202.
P. S. Mathuranath , P. J. Nestor , G. E. Berrios , W. Rakowicz and J. R. Hodges (2000). A brief cognitive test battery to differentiate Alzheimer's disease and frontotemporal dementia. Neurology, 55, 1613–1620.
A. Milne , A. Culverwell , R. Guss , J. Tuppen and R. Whelton (2008). Screening for dementia in primary care: a review of the use, efficacy and quality of measures. International Psychogeriatrics/IPA, 20, 911–926.
A. J. Mitchell and S. Malladi (2010b). Screening and case finding tools for the detection of dementia. Part I. Evidence-based meta-analysis of multidomain tests. The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry : Official Journal of the American Association for Geriatric Psychiatry, 18, 759–782.
Z. S. Nasreddine et al. (2005). The Montreal Cognitive Assessment, MoCA: a brief screening tool for mild cognitive impairment. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 53, 695–699.
J. C. Newman and R. Feldman (2011). Copyright and open access at the bedside. The New England Journal of Medicine, 365, 2447–2449.
F. M. Nilsson (2007). Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE)—Probably one of the most cited papers in health science. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 116, 156–157.
E. Pinto and R. Peters (2009). Literature review of the Clock Drawing Test as a tool for cognitive screening. Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders, 27, 201–213.
C. C. Price et al. (2011). Clock drawing in the Montreal Cognitive Assessment: recommendations for dementia assessment. Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders, 31, 179–187.
D. X. Rasmusson , F. W. Bylsma and J. Brandt (1995). Stability of performance on the Hopkins Verbal Learning Test. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology : the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists, 10, 21–26.
M. A. Reyes , S. Perez-Lloret , E. Roldan Gerschcovich , M. E. Martin , R. Leiguarda and M. Merello (2009). Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination validation in Parkinson's disease. European Journal of Neurology : the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies, 16, 142–147.
J. Scanlan and S. Borson (2001). The Mini-Cog: receiver operating characteristics with expert and naive raters. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 16, 216–222.
K. I. Shulman (2000). Clock-drawing: is it the ideal cognitive screening test? International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 15, 548–561.
P. R. Solomon et al. (1998). A 7 minute neurocognitive screening battery highly sensitive to Alzheimer's disease. Archives of Neurology, 55, 349–355.
J. E. Storey , J. T. Rowland , D. Basic , D. A. Conforti and H. G. Dickson (2004). The Rowland Universal Dementia Assessment Scale (RUDAS): a multicultural cognitive assessment scale. International Psychogeriatrics/IPA, 16, 13–31.
J. M. Swearer , D. A. Drachman , L. Li , K. J. Kane , B. Dessureau and P. Tabloski (2002). Screening for dementia in “real world” settings: the Cognitive Assessment Screening Test: CAST. The Clinical Neuropsychologist, 16, 128–135.