Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

Private Forest Owners and Invasive Plants: Risk Perception and Management

  • A. Paige Fischer (a1) and Susan Charnley (a2)
Abstract

We investigated nonindustrial private forest (NIPF) owners' invasive plant risk perceptions and mitigation practices using statistical analysis of mail survey data and qualitative analysis of interview data collected in Oregon's ponderosa pine zone. We found that 52% of the survey sample was aware of invasive plant species considered problematic by local natural resource professionals; 70% was concerned about these species; and 46% had treated invasive plants on their parcels. Owners' perceptions of invasive plant risks fell along a spectrum ranging from a lack of awareness or concern, to the view that invasive plant infestations have discrete causes and controllable consequences, to the perception that incursions by invasive plants have diffuse causes and uncontrollable effects. Being aware or concerned about invasive plant species were predictors (p ≤ 0.001) of whether owners treat their parcels to control invasive plants. Holding wildlife habitat and/or biodiversity as an important forest management goal was also a predictor (p ≤ 0.08) of whether owners treated their parcels to control invasive plants. Some owners were sensitive to the risks of invasive plant infestations from nearby properties, and a surprisingly high percentage of respondents had cooperated with others in forest management activities previously. Our findings suggest three approaches to increasing the frequency of invasive plant mitigation by NIPF owners that hold promise: (1) raising awareness and concern about invasive plants and their impacts on forest management goals that owners care about, such as wildlife habitat and/or biodiversity; (2) providing assistance to help owners mitigate invasive plants they feel unable to control; and (3) engaging owners in coordinated efforts across ownership boundaries to address invasive plant risks.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Corresponding author's E-mail: paigefischer@fs.fed.us
References
Hide All
G. S. Amacher , A. S. Malik , and R. G. Haight 2005. Nonindustrial private landowners, fires, and the wildland–urban interface. Forest Policy Econ. 7:796805.

K. G. Arano and I. A. Munn 2006. Evaluating forest management intensity: A comparison among major forest landowner types. Forest Policy Econ. 9:237248.

R. H. Beach , S. K. Pattanayak , J. C. Yang , B. C. Murray , and R. C. Abt 2005. Econometric studies of non-industrial private forest management: A review and synthesis. Forest Policy Econ. 7:261281.

A. Brook , M. Zint , and R. D. Young 2003. Landowners' responses to an Endangered Species Act listing and implications for encouraging conservation. Conserv. Biol. 17:16381649.

M. C. Conway , G. S. Amacher , J. Sullivan , and D. Wear 2003. Decisions nonindustrial forest landowners make: An empirical examination. J. Forest Econ. 9:181203.

J. A. Crawford , C. H. A. Wahren , S. Kyle , and W. H. Moir 2001. Responses of exotic plant species to fires in Pinus ponderosa forests in northern Arizona. J. Vegetation Sci. 12:261268.

S. Dessai , W. Adger , M. Hulme , J. Turnpenny , J. Köhler , and R. Warren 2004. Defining and Experiencing Dangerous Climate Change. Climatic Change 64:1125.

E. K. Dodson and C. E. Fiedler 2006. Impacts of restoration treatments on alien plant invasion in Pinus ponderosa forests, Montana, USA. J. Appl. Ecol. 43:887897.

C. A. Duncan , J. J. Jachetta , M. L. Brown , V. F. Carrithers , J. K. Clark , J. M. DiTomaso , R. G. Lym , K. C. McDaniel , M. J. Renz , and P. M. Rice 2004. Assessing the Economic, Environmental, and Societal Losses from Invasive Plants on Rangeland and Wildlands1. Weed Technol. 18:14111416.

R. S. Epanchin-Niell , M. B. Hufford , C. E. Aslan , J. P. Sexton , J. D. Port , and T. M. Waring 2010. Controlling invasive species in complex social landscapes. Front. Ecol. Environ. 8:210216.

A. P. Fischer and J. C. Bliss 2008. Behavioral assumptions of conservation policy: Conserving oak habitat on family–forest land in the Willamette Valley, Oregon. Conservation Biol. 22:275283.

A. P. Fischer and J. C. Bliss 2009. Framing conservation on private lands: Conserving oak in Oregon's Willamette Valley. Soc. Natur. Resour. 22:884900.

A. P. Fischer and S. Charnley 2012. Risk and cooperation: Managing hazardous fuel in mixed ownership landscapes. Environ. Manage. 49:11921207.

P. Z. Fulé , D. C. Laughlin , and W. W. Covington 2005. Pine–oak forest dynamics five years after ecological restoration treatments, Arizona, USA. Forest Ecol. Manag. 218:129145.

T. Grothmann and A. Patt 2005. Adaptive capacity and human cognition: The process of individual adaptation to climate change. Global Environ. Chang. 15:199213.

P. Harris and R. Cranston 1979. An economic evaluation of control methods for diffuse and spotted knapweed in western Canada. Can. J. Plant Sci. 59:375382.

R. Hertwig , G. Barron , E. U. Weber , and I. Erev 2004. Decisions from experience and the effect of rare events in risky choice. Psychol. Sci. 15:534539.

T. P. Holmes , J. E. Aukema , B. Von Holle , A. Liebhold , and E. Sills 2009. Economic Impacts of Invasive Species in Forests. Ann. NY Acad. Sci. 1162:1838.

M. Jacobson , R. Abt , and D. R. Carter 2000. Attitudes toward joint forest planning among private landowners. J. Sustainable Forest. 11:95111.

S. Joshi and K. G. Arano 2009. Determinants of private forest management decisions: A study on West Virginia NIPF landowners. Forest Policy Econ. 11:118125.

J. E. Keeley 2006. Fire management impacts on invasive plants in the western United States. Conservation Biol. 20:375384.

B. K. Kerns , W. G. Thies , and C. G. Niwa 2006. Season and severity of prescribed burn in ponderosa pine forests: Implications for understory native and exotic plants. Ecoscience 13:4455.

D. B. Kittredge 2005. The cooperation of private forest owners on scales larger than one individual property: International examples and potential application in the United States. Forest Policy Econ. 7:671688.

J. E. Maddux and R. W. Rogers 1983. Protection motivation and self-efficacy: A revised theory of fear appeals and attitude change. Journal of Experimental Social Psychol. 19:469479.

M. M. Moore , C. A. Casey , J. D. Bakker , J. D. Springer , P. Z. Fulé , W. W. Covington , and D. C. Laughlin 2006. Herbaceous Vegetation Responses (1992–2004) to Restoration Treatments in a Ponderosa Pine Forest. Rangeland Ecol. & Manag. 59:135144.

C. R. Nelson , C. B. Halpern , and J. K. Agee 2008. Thinning and burning result in low-level invasion by nonnative plants but neutral effects on natives. Ecol. Appl. 18:762770.

S. Niemeyer , J. Petts , and K. Hobson 2005. Rapid Climate Change and Society: Assessing Responses and Thresholds. Risk Analysis 25:14431456 p.

J. L. Ohmann and M. J. Gregory 2002. Predictive mapping of forest composition and structure with direct gradient analysis and nearest-neighbor imputation in coastal Oregon, U.S.A. Can. J. Forest Res. 32:725741.

L. J. Olson 2004. The Economics of Terrestrial Invasive Species: A Review of the Literature. Agr. and Resour. Econ. Rev. 35:178194.

C. G. Parks , S. R. Radosevich , B. A. Endress , B. J. Naylor , D. Anzinger , L. J. Rew , B. D. Maxwell , and K. A. Dwire 2005. Natural and land-use history of the Northwest mountain ecoregions (USA) in relation to patterns of plant invasions. Perspect. Plant Ecol. 7:137158.

E. A. Pierson and R. N. Mack 1990. The population biology of Bromus tectorum in forests: Effect of disturbance, grazing, and litter on seedling establishment and reproduction. Oecologia 84:526533.

D. Pimentel , L. Lach , R. Zuniga , and D. Morrison 2000. Environmental and Economic Costs of Nonindigenous Species in the United States. BioScience 50:5365.

M. G. Rickenbach and A. S. Reed 2002. Cross-boundary cooperation in a watershed context: The sentiments of private forest landowners. Environ. Manage. 30:584594.

M. Rickenbach , K. Zeuli , and E. Sturgess-Cleek 2005. Despite failure: The emergence of “new” forest owners in private forest policy in Wisconsin, USA. Scand. J. Forest Res. 20:503513.

P. Slovic 1987. Perception of risk. Science 236:280285.

P. Slovic 1999. Trust, emotion, sex, politics, and science: Surveying the risk-assessment battlefield. Risk Anal. 19:689701.

K. J. Tierney 1999. Toward a Critical Sociology of Risk. Sociol. Forum 14:215242.

M. Vavra , C. G. Parks , and M. J. Wisdom 2007. Biodiversity, exotic plant species, and herbivory: The good, the bad, and the ungulate. Forest Ecol. Manag. 246:6672.

M. Vokoun , G. S. Amacher , and D. N. Wear 2006. Scale of harvesting by non-industrial private forest landowners. J. of Forest Econ. 11:223244.

A. Youngblood , T. Max , and K. Coe 2004. Stand structure in eastside old-growth ponderosa pine forests of Oregon and northern California. Forest Ecol. Manag. 199:191217.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Invasive Plant Science and Management
  • ISSN: 1939-7291
  • EISSN: 1939-747X
  • URL: /core/journals/invasive-plant-science-and-management
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 7 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 35 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 20th January 2017 - 17th October 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.