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REVISITING TELL BEGUM: A PREHISTORIC SITE IN THE SHAHRIZOR PLAIN, IRAQI KURDISTAN

  • Olivier Nieuwenhuyse, Takahiro Odaka, Akemi Kaneda, Simone Mühl, Kamal Rasheed and Mark Altaweel...
Abstract

Tell Begum was previously explored by Iraqi archaeologists in the 1960s when excavations revealed a multi-period site. Among the key finds were Halaf period remains that are relatively rare in the region of the Shahrizor plain and included polychrome ceramics suggesting a local variation of the Halaf culture. Recent investigations and excavations in 2011 and 2013 revealed a 5 hectare site inhabited during the Halaf, Ubaid, Late Chalcolithic, and medieval periods. The Halaf site may have had an area of about 3 hectares, making it a relatively large settlement for that period, although its full extent is unclear. Offsite work revealed the area to have been well watered in the past, with likely neighbouring regions of woodland and abundant shrubs. The heavy sedimentation in the region has partially obscured archaeological remains, including possibly Tell Begum's lower mound. The site, nevertheless, shows continuity of settlement, indicating relative stability in settlement over long timespans.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Olivier Nieuwenhuyse, Faculty of Archaeology, Leiden University, The Netherlands onieuw@xs4all.nl
Takahiro Odaka, The University Museum, The University of Tokyo, Japan
Akemi Kaneda, Faculty of Archaeology, Leiden University, The Netherlands
Simone Mühl, Institute for Ancient Near Eastern Archaeology, Ludwig-Maximilians University Munich, Germany
Kamal Rasheed, Directorate of Antiquities of Sulaymaniyah, Sulaymaniyah, Iraq
Mark Altaweel, Institute of Archaeology, University College London, Great Britain
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IRAQ
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