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Early determination of sex in jojoba plant by CAPS assay

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  19 November 2010

A. G. INCE
Affiliation:
Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture,Akdeniz University, 07059 Antalya, Turkey
M. KARACA
Affiliation:
Department of Field Crops, Faculty of Agriculture,Akdeniz University, 07059 Antalya, Turkey
Corresponding
E-mail address:

Summary

Jojoba [Simmondsia chinensis (Link) Schneider] is a dioecious plant grown for its seeds, which are the source of liquid wax or jojoba oil. The sex of jojoba plants cannot be determined with morphological characters until the plants reach reproductive maturity at 3 or more years old. This difficulty of early sex determination imposes severe constraints in breeding studies and in the sex allocation of seedlings in seed orchard establishment, and importantly in a priori mating designs to produce superior jojoba individuals. This study reports three new cleavage-amplified polymorphic sequence (CAPS) assays, which identify male and female individuals distinctly. One of the assays could also identify hermaphrodite jojoba plants existing in nature or obtained using mutagenesis studies.

Type
Crops and Soils
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2010

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