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An evaluation of tree legumes on an acid ultisol in South Sumatra, Indonesia

  • G. J. Blair (a1), Mas'ud Panjaitan (a1), D. A. Ivory (a1), B. Palmer (a1) and M. Sudjadi (a1)...

Seventeen tree species (16 legumes and Eucalyptus saligna) were grown for 4 years on an Ultisol of pH 4·5 at Nakau, South Sumatra, Indonesia. Leaf and wood yields were recorded seven times during the 4-year period and mineral and plant quality measurements were made on leaf samples from the first harvest taken 2 years after transplanting. At this time, leaf and wood yields were highest from Acacia mangium but the yield of this species declined over time. Highest leaf production was recorded for Cassia siamea over the 4-year period.

Mineral analyses of leaf indicated N, K, Ca and Mg to be adequate for animal production in all species. P was below the critical level for animals in all species and Na levels were adequate only in Acacia mangium and Acacia auriculiformis.

Plant quality measures (ADF, NDF, lignin) suggest marked differences could be expected in potential feed value between species through differences in voluntary intake and digestibility.

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The Journal of Agricultural Science
  • ISSN: 0021-8596
  • EISSN: 1469-5146
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