Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 18
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Bodner, Gernot Nakhforoosh, Alireza and Kaul, Hans-Peter 2015. Management of crop water under drought: a review. Agronomy for Sustainable Development, Vol. 35, Issue. 2, p. 401.

    Jha, Uday C. Chaturvedi, Sushil K. Bohra, Abhishek Basu, Partha S. Khan, Muhammad S. Barh, Debmalya and Varshney, R. 2014. Abiotic stresses, constraints and improvement strategies in chickpea. Plant Breeding, Vol. 133, Issue. 2, p. 163.

    Kumar, J. Basu, P. S. Srivastava, E. Chaturvedi, S. K. Nadarajan, N. and Kumar, S. 2012. Phenotyping of traits imparting drought tolerance in lentil. Crop and Pasture Science, Vol. 63, Issue. 6, p. 547.

    Lamia, Hamrouni Naoufel, Souayah Larbi, Khouja and Néjib, Rejeb 2012. Effect of osmotic stress on Myrtus communis germination. Biologia, Vol. 67, Issue. 1,

    Vadez, V. Soltani, A. and Sinclair, T.R. 2012. Modelling possible benefits of root related traits to enhance terminal drought adaptation of chickpea. Field Crops Research, Vol. 137, p. 108.

    Imtiaz, Muhammad Malhotra, Rajinder S. and Yadav, Shyam S. 2011. Crop Adaptation to Climate Change.

    Muñoz-Romero, Verónica López-Bellido, Luis and López-Bellido, Rafael J. 2011. Faba bean root growth in a Vertisol: Tillage effects. Field Crops Research, Vol. 120, Issue. 3, p. 338.

    Izzi, G. Farahani, H.J. Bruggeman, A. and Oweis, T.Y. 2008. In-season wheat root growth and soil water extraction in the Mediterranean environment of northern Syria. Agricultural Water Management, Vol. 95, Issue. 3, p. 259.

    Berger, J.D. 2007. Ecogeographic and evolutionary approaches to improving adaptation of autumn-sown chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) to terminal drought: The search for reproductive chilling tolerance. Field Crops Research, Vol. 104, Issue. 1-3, p. 112.

    Lenssen, A.W. Johnson, G.D. and Carlson, G.R. 2007. Cropping sequence and tillage system influences annual crop production and water use in semiarid Montana, USA. Field Crops Research, Vol. 100, Issue. 1, p. 32.

    Kashiwagi, J. Krishnamurthy, L. Crouch, J.H. and Serraj, R. 2006. Variability of root length density and its contributions to seed yield in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) under terminal drought stress. Field Crops Research, Vol. 95, Issue. 2-3, p. 171.

    Kashiwagi, Junichi Krishnamurthy, L. Upadhyaya, Hari D. Krishna, Hari Chandra, S. Vadez, Vincent and Serraj, Rachid 2006. Genetic variability of drought-avoidance root traits in the mini-core germplasm collection of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.).. Euphytica, Vol. 146, Issue. 3, p. 213.

    Serraj, R Krishnamurthy, L Kashiwagi, J Kumar, J Chandra, S and Crouch, J.H 2004. Variation in root traits of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) grown under terminal drought. Field Crops Research, Vol. 88, Issue. 2-3, p. 115.

    Van Duivenbooden, N. Pala, M. Studer, C. Bielders, C.L. and Beukes, D.J. 2000. Cropping systems and crop complementarity in dryland agriculture to increase soil water use efficiency: a review. NJAS - Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences, Vol. 48, Issue. 3, p. 213.

    Manschadi, A.M Sauerborn, J Stützel, H Göbel, W and Saxena, M.C 1998. Simulation of faba bean (Vicia faba L.) root system development under Mediterranean conditions. European Journal of Agronomy, Vol. 9, Issue. 4, p. 259.

    Pilbeam, C.J. Simmonds, L.P. and Kavilu, A.W. 1995. Transpiration efficiencies of maize and beans in semi-arid Kenya. Field Crops Research, Vol. 41, Issue. 3, p. 179.

    Subbarao, G. V. Johansen, C. Slinkard, A. E. Nageswara Rao, R. C. Saxena, N. P. Chauhan, Y. S. and Lawn, R. J. 1995. Strategies for Improving Drought Resistance in Grain Legumes. Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences, Vol. 14, Issue. 6, p. 469.

    Weber, Edwin Saxena, Mohan C. George, Eckhard and Marschner, Horst 1993. Effect of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhiza on vegetative growth and harvest index of chickpea grown in northern Syria. Field Crops Research, Vol. 32, Issue. 1-2, p. 115.


Root and shoot growth and water use of chickpea (Cicer arietinum) grown in dryland conditions: effects of sowing date and genotype

  • S. C. Brown (a1), P. J. Gregory (a1), P. J. M. Cooper (a2) and J. D. H. Keatinge
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 March 2009

Growth and water use of kabuli-type chickpea was measured during the 1982/83 and 1983/84 growing seasons in northern Syria under rainfed conditions. Winter-sown (November) and springsown (March) crops of cv. ILC 482 were grown in 1982/83 while in 1983/84 spring-sown crops of contrasting genotypes (ILC 482, ILC 1929 and ILC 3279) were compared.

In 1982/83, shoot dry matter and seed yields of the winter-sown crop were almost twice those of the spring-sown crop although the water use of both crops was almost the same. Root growth of both crops was most rapid before flowering but continued until maturity (early June) in the winter-sown and until mid to late pod filling (also early June) in the spring-sown crop. Root dry weight (c. 45 g/m2) and length (c. 45 cm/cm2) were similar in both crops during pod filling.

In 1983/84, shoot weight, root weight and root length were similar in all genotypes but the later maturity of ILC 3279 resulted in lower seed yield and hence harvest index, and greater water use.

The root length density decreased approximately logarithmically with depth in the soil profile although comparison between seasons and with other published results showed that the relations could not be used predictively. Water use efficiency was poorer in the second, drier season and was almost doubled by winter sowing.

Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

S. C. Brown , J. D. H. Keatinge , P. J. Gregory & P. J. M. Cooper (1987). Effects of fertilizer, variety and location on barley production under rainfed conditions in northern Syria. 1. Root and shoot growth. Field Crops Research 16, 5366.

A. Gerwitz & E. R. Page (1974). An empirical mathematical model to describe plant root systems. Journal of Applied Ecology 11, 773782.

D. J. Greenwood , A. Gerwitz , D. A. Stone & A. Barnes (1982). Root development of vegetable crops. Plant and Soil, 68, 7596.

T. C. Kasper , C. D. Stanley & H. M. Taylor (1978). Soybean root growth during the reproduction stages of development. Agronomy Journal 70, 11051107.

J. T. Ritchie (1981). Water dynamics in the soil-plantatmosphere system. Plant and Soil 58, 8196.

K. H. M. Siddique & R. H. Sedgley (1987). Canopy Development modifies the water economy of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) in south-western Australia. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 37, 599610.

D. Tennant (1975). A test of a modified line intersect method of estimating root length. Journal of Ecology 63, 9951001.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

The Journal of Agricultural Science
  • ISSN: 0021-8596
  • EISSN: 1469-5146
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-agricultural-science
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *