Hostname: page-component-848d4c4894-ttngx Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-05-25T14:55:56.619Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

Reclaiming the Chinese Revolution

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  10 November 2008

Get access

Abstract

Focusing on the Chinese Communists' mobilizational efforts at the Anyuan coal mine in the early 1920s, the author argues for reconsidering a sometimes forgotten part of Chinese revolutionary history. At Anyuan, idealistic young Communist cadres led a highly successful nonviolent strike and launched a major educational program for workers, peasants, and their families. The result was a remarkable outpouring of popular support for the Communist revolutionary effort. Although the meaning of the “Anyuan revolutionary tradition” has been obscured and distorted over the years to serve a variety of personal, political, and pecuniary agendas, the author seeks to recover from its early history the possibility of alternative revolutionary paths, driven less by class struggle and cults of personality than by the quest for human dignity through grassroots organization.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © The Association for Asian Studies, Inc. 2008

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

List of References

Andrews, Julia F. 1994. Painters and Politics in the People's Republic of China, 1949–1979. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.Google Scholar
Anyuan Labor Museum. 1981. Liu Shaoqi yu Anyuan gongren yundong [Liu Shaoqi and the Anyuan labor movement]. Beijing: Chinese Academy of Social Sciences Press.Google Scholar
Averill, Stephen C. 2006. Revolution in the Highlands: China's Jinggangshan Base Area. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield.Google Scholar
Chang, Jung, and Halliday, Jon. 2005. Mao: The Unknown Story. London: Jonathan Cape.Google Scholar
Da gongzei Liu Shaoqi shi gongren jieji de sidi [Big scab Liu Shaoqi is the mortal enemy of the working class]. 1968. Hong Kong: Sanlian Press.Google Scholar
Esherick, Joseph W. 1972. “Harvard on China: The Apologetics of Imperialism.” Bulletin of Concerned Asian Scholars 4 (4): 917.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Esherick, Joseph W. 1995. “Ten Theses on the Chinese Revolution.” Modern China 21 (1): 4476; reprinted In Twentieth Century China: New Approaches, ed. Jeffrey N. Wasserstrom, 39–65. London: Routledge, 2003. [Citations are from the reprint]CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fairbank, John King. 1982. Chinabound: A Fifty-Year Memoir. New York: Harper & Row.Google Scholar
Fairbanks, Charles H. Jr. 2007. “Revolution Reconsidered.” Journal of Democracy 18 (1): 4453.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Friedman, Edward. 1977. “The Innovator.” In Mao Tse-tung in the Scales of History, ed. Wilson, Dick, 300320. New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Friedman, Edward, Pickowicz, Paul G. and Selden, Mark. 2005. Revolution, Resistance, and Reform in Village China. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
Furet, François. 1992. Revolutionary France, 1770–1880. Trans. Antonia, Nevill. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
Gilly, Adolfo. 2003. “Globalization, Violence and Revolutions: Nine Theses.” In The Future of Revolutions: Rethinking Radical Change in the Age of Globalization, ed. Foran, John, 107–24. London: Zed Books.Google Scholar
Han, Suyin. 1972. The Morning Deluge: Mao Tsetung and the Chinese Revolution, 18531954. Boston: Little, Brown.Google Scholar
Hunan qingxiang gongbao [Bulletin on village pacification in Hunan]. 1928. no. 11.Google Scholar
Kirk, Mollie. 2008. “Patriotism for Sale: Communist Apologetics in the Red Tourism Program.” Senior honors thesis, Harvard University, East Asian Studies.Google Scholar
Laing, Ellen Johnston. 1988. The Winking Owl: Art in the People's Republic of China. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.Google Scholar
Laodong tiaojian zui cha, gongzuo zui jianku, zui weixian, dui guojia he qiye gongxian zui da de pingkuang tuixiu zhigong tuixiu yanglaojin dixia [The dwindling pensions of retired Pingxiang miners whose labor conditions were the worst, whose work was the most difficult and dangerous, yet whose contribution to country and enterprise was the greatest]. 2004. Unpublished protest manifesto, Anyuan, Jiangxi.Google Scholar
Lee, Ching Kwan, and Selden, Mark. 2007. “China's Durable Inequality: Legacies of Revolution and Pitfalls of Reform.” Japan Focus, January 21. http://japanfocus.org/ [accessed July 8, 2008].Google Scholar
Jianjun, Li. 2002. “Zhonggong Anyuan diwei dangxiao shiliaokao” [Historical materials on the party school at Anyuan]. In Anyuan lukuang gongren yundongshi yanjiu huibian [Compilation of studies of the history of the Anyuan labor movement], ed. Peiwu, Wen, 219–26. Nanchang: Jiangxi People's Press.Google Scholar
Shanwen, Liu. 1993. Anyuan lukuang gongren yundong shi [History of the labor movement of Anyuan railway workers and miners]. Shanghai: Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences.Google Scholar
Shaoqi, Liu. 1988. Liu Shaoqi lun gongren yundong [Liu Shaoqi discusses the labor movement]. Beijing: Central Documents Press.Google Scholar
Liu Shaoqi zai Anyuan de gushi [Stories of Liu Shaoqi at Anyuan]. 1980. Shanghai: Shanghai People's Press.Google Scholar
Lockwood, William W. 1964. “Adam Smith and Asia.” Journal of Asian Studies 23 (3): 345–55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
MacFarquhar, Roderick, and Schoenhals, Michael. 2006. Mao's Last Revolution. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mahoney, James, and Rueschemeyer, Dietrich, eds. 2003. Comparative Historical Analysis in the Social Sciences. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Zedong, Mao. 1971. “Report of an Investigation of the Peasant Movement in Hunan.” In Selected Readings from the Works of Mao Tsetung, 2339. Beijing: Foreign Languages Press.Google Scholar
Marx, Karl. 1951. Marx on China, 1853–1860: Articles from the New York Daily Tribune. London: Lawrence & Wishart.Google Scholar
Mayer, Arno. 2000. The Furies: Violence and Terror in the French and Russian Revolutions. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
Fangquan, Mei. 2006. Anyuan kuanggong: zhuanxingqi de bianqian yanjiu [Anyuan miners: A study of change in transitional times]. Beijing: Chinese Academy of Social Sciences Press.Google Scholar
Moore, Barrington Jr. 1966. Social Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy: Lord and Peasant in the Making of the Modern World. Boston: Beacon Press.Google Scholar
Perry, Elizabeth J. 2005. Patrolling the Revolution: Worker Militias, Citizenship, and the Modern Chinese State. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield.Google Scholar
Perry, Elizabeth J. 2007. “Red Literati: Communist Educators at Anyuan, 1921–25.” Twentieth-Century China 32 (2): 111–34.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pierson, Paul. 2004. Politics in Time: History, Institutions, and Social Analysis. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pingxiang Communist Party Committee. 1990. Anyuan lukuang gongren yundong [Anyuan railway and mining workers' movement]. 2 vols. Beijing: Chinese Communist Party Historical Materials Press.Google Scholar
Pingxiang Mining Company Propaganda Department. 1959. Hongse Anyuan [Red Anyuan]. Nanchang: Jiangxi People's Press.Google Scholar
Reedy, George E. 1992. “Sacred and Profane in Revolutionary France.” Review of Politics 54 (1): 155–57.Google Scholar
Schama, Simon. 2004. Citizens: A Chronicle of the French Revolution. London: Folio Society.Google Scholar
Selden, Mark. 1971. The Yenan Way in Revolutionary China. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
Smith, Karen. 2006. Nine Lives: The Birth of Avant-Garde Art in New China. New York: Prestel.Google Scholar
Tyng, Walworth. 1925. “The Miners' Church at Peaceful Spring: Among the Collieries and Coke Ovens at Anyuen—A Vivid Picture of Our Work in a Little Known Part of the District of Hankow.” The Spirit of Missions (publication of the American Episcopal Church Overseas Mission): 477.Google Scholar
Van de Ven, Hans J. 2003. War and Nationalism in China, 1925–1945. New York: Routledge Curzon.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wales, Nym [pseud.]. 1945. The Chinese Labor Movement. New York: John Day.Google Scholar
Yang, Wang. 1993. Qiushou qiyi zai Jiangxi [The Autumn Harvest Uprising in Jiangxi]. Beijing: Wenwu Press.Google Scholar
Furong, Yang. 2003. Zhonggong Pingxiang difangshi [Local history of the Chinese Communists in Pingxiang]. Beijing: Chinese Communist Party History Press.Google Scholar
Jianrong, Yu. 2001. Yuecun zhengzhi [Hunan village politics]. Beijing: Commercial Press.Google Scholar
Jianrong, Yu. 2006. Zhongguo gongren jieji zhuangkuang: Anyuan shilu [The plight of China's working class: Annals of Anyuan]. Hong Kong: Mirror Books.Google Scholar
Baohui, Zhang. 2000. “Communal Cooperative Institutions and Peasant Revolutions in South China, 1926–1934.” Theory and Society 29 (5): 687736.Google Scholar
Zhenchu, Zhang. 1995. Anyuan yishi [Anyuan anecdotes]. Pingxiang: Pingxiang Mining Company.Google Scholar