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  • Cited by 9
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    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Borgoni, Riccardo Berrington, Ann M. and Smith, Peter W. F. 2012. Selecting and fitting graphical chain models to longitudinal data. Quality & Quantity, Vol. 46, Issue. 3, p. 715.

    Doku, David Neupane, Subas and Doku, Paul Narh 2012. Factors associated with reproductive health care utilization among Ghanaian women. BMC International Health and Human Rights, Vol. 12, Issue. 1,

    Ndugwa, Robert P. Cleland, John Madise, Nyovani J. Fotso, Jean-Christophe and Zulu, Eliya M. 2011. Menstrual Pattern, Sexual Behaviors, and Contraceptive Use among Postpartum Women in Nairobi Urban Slums. Journal of Urban Health, Vol. 88, Issue. S2, p. 341.

    Dharmalingam, A. Navaneetham, K. and Krishnakumar, C. S. 2010. Nutritional Status of Mothers and Low Birth Weight in India. Maternal and Child Health Journal, Vol. 14, Issue. 2, p. 290.

    Olusanya, Bolajoko O. 2010. Perinatal profile of very low birthweight infants under a universal newborn hearing screening programme in a developing country: A case-control study. Developmental Neurorehabilitation, Vol. 13, Issue. 3, p. 156.

    Borgoni, Riccardo Smith, Peter W. F. and Berrington, Ann M. 2009. Handling the effect of non-response in graphical models for longitudinal data. Statistical Methods and Applications, Vol. 18, Issue. 1, p. 109.

    McNamee, Paul Ternent, Laura and Hussein, Julia 2009. Barriers in accessing maternal healthcare: evidence from low-and middle-income countries. Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research, Vol. 9, Issue. 1, p. 41.

    Olusanya, Bolajoko O and Solanke, Olumuyiwa A 2009. Maternal and neonatal factors associated with mode of delivery under a universal newborn hearing screening programme in Lagos, Nigeria. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, Vol. 9, Issue. 1,

    Berrington, Ann Hu, Yongjian Smith, Peter W. F. and Sturgis, Patrick 2007. A graphical chain model for reciprocal relationships between women's gender role attitudes and labour force participation. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series A (Statistics in Society), p. 071029094155002.



  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 March 2004

This paper explores the pathways of the determinants of unfavourable birth outcomes, such as premature birth, the size of the baby at birth, and Caesarean section deliveries, in Kenya using graphical log-linear chain models. The results show that a number of factors that do not have direct associations with unfavourable birth outcomes contribute to these outcomes indirectly through intermediate factors. Marital status, the desirability of a pregnancy, the use of family planning and access to health facilities have no direct associations with poor birth outcomes, such as premature births and the small size of the baby at birth, but are linked to these outcomes through antenatal care. Antenatal care is identified as a central link between various sociodemographic or reproductive factors and birth outcomes.

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Journal of Biosocial Science
  • ISSN: 0021-9320
  • EISSN: 1469-7599
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-biosocial-science
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