Skip to main content
×
Home

PREVALENCE OF CONSANGUINEOUS MARRIAGES AMONG IRANIAN GEORGIANS

  • LALEH RAFIEE (a1) and MOSTAFA SAADAT (a1)
Summary
Summary

Consanguineous marriage – marriage between relatives – has received a great deal of attention as a potential risk factor for many adverse health outcomes. The present cross-sectional study was done in order to illustrate the prevalence and types of consanguineous marriages among Iranian Georgians living in Frydoonshahr (Isfahan province, central Iran). Data on consanguineous marriages were collected using a simple questionnaire. The total number of couples in this study was 646. Consanguineous marriage was classified by the degree of relationship between couples. First cousin marriages (14.2%) were the most common type of consanguineous marriages, followed by second cousin (7.0%), beyond second cousin (1.5%) and first cousin once removed (0.6%). The mean inbreeding coefficient (α) was calculated as 0.0104 for the population. The present study shows that the study population, as other Iranian populations, has a high level of consanguinity.

Copyright
References
Hide All
Akrami S. M., Montazeri V., Shomali S. R., Heshmat R. & Larijani B. (2009) Is there a significant trend in prevalence of consanguineous marriage in Tehran? A review of three generations. Journal of Genetic Counseling 18, 8286.
Akrami S. M. & Osati Z. (2007) Is consanguineous marriage religiously encouraged? Islamic and Iranian considerations. Journal of Biosocial Science 39, 313316.
Amirshahi P., Sunderland E., Farhud D. D., Tavakoli S. H. & Daneshmand P. (1989) Serum proteins and erythrocyte enzymes of populations in Iran. Human Heredity 39, 7580.
Bittles A. H. (2001) Consanguinity and its relevance to clinical genetics. Clinical Genetics 60, 8998.
Bittles A. H. (2003) The bases of western attitudes to consanguineous marriage. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology 45, 135138.
Bittles A. H., Grant J. C. & Shami S. A. (1993) An evaluation of consanguinity as a determinant of reproductive behaviour and mortality in Pakistan. International Journal of Epidemiology 22, 463467.
Farhud D. D., Mahmoudi M., Kamali M. S., Andonian L. & Saffari R. (1991) Consanguinity in Iran. Iranian Journal of Public Health 20, 116.
Hafez M., El-Tahan H., Awadalla M., El-Khayat H., Abdel-Gafar A. & Ghoneim M. (1983) Consanguineous matings in the Egyptian population. Journal of Medical Genetics 20, 5860.
Hamamy H., Jamhawi L., Al-Darawsheh J. & Ajlouni K. (2005) Consanguineous marriages in Jordan: why is the rate changing with time? Clinical Genetics 67, 511516.
Kamkar M., Saadat M., Saadat I. & Haghighi G. (2003) Report of VNTR with 13 repeats linked to phenylalanine hydroxylase locus in unrelated members of two PKU families. Iranian Biomedical Journal 7, 8990.
Mohamadynejad P. & Saadat M. (2008) Genetic polymorphisms of XRCC1 (at codons 194 and 399) in Shiraz population (Fars province, southern Iran). Molecular Biology Reports 35, 669672.
Nafissi S., Ansari-Lari M. & Saadat M. (2010) Effect of inbreeding on weight gain of offspring from birth to 12 months after birth: a study from Iran. Journal of Biosocial Science 42, 195200.
Othman H. & Saadat M. (2009) Prevalence of consanguineous marriages in Syria. Journal of Biosocial Science 41, 685692.
Rafeei L., Saadat I. & Saadat M. (2009) Glutathione S-transferase genetic polymorphisms (GSTM1, GSTT1 and GSTO2) in three Iranian populations. Molecular Biology Reports 37, 155158.
Saadat M. (2005) Epidemiology and mortality of hospitalized burn patients in Kohkiluye va Boyerahmad province (Iran): 2002–2004. Burns 31, 306309.
Saadat M. (2007) Consanguineous marriages in Iranian folktales. Community Genetics 10, 3740.
Saadat M. (2008a) Consanguinity and national IQ. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 62, 566567.
Saadat M. (2008b) Is consanguineous marriage historically encouraged? Journal of Biosocial Science 40, 153154.
Saadat M., Ansari-Lari M. & Farhud D. D. (2004) Consanguineous marriage in Iran. Annals of Human Biology 31, 263269.
Saadat M. & Zendeh-Boodi Z. (2006) Correlation between incidences of self-inflicted burns and means of inbreeding coefficients: an ecological study. Annals of Epidemiology 16, 708711.
Stoltenberg C., Magnus P., Skrondal A. & Lie R. T. (1999) Consanguinity and recurrence risk of stillbirth and infant death. American Journal of Public Health 89, 517523.
Tadmouri G. O., Nair P., Obeid T., Al Ali M. T., Al Khaja N. & Hamamy H. A. (2009) Consanguinity and reproductive health among Arabs. Reproductive Health 6, 17.
Tuncbilek E. & Koc I. (1994) Consanguineous marriage in Turkey and its impact on fertility and mortality. Annual Human Genetics 58, 321329.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of Biosocial Science
  • ISSN: 0021-9320
  • EISSN: 1469-7599
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-biosocial-science
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 1
Total number of PDF views: 6 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 204 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 22nd November 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.