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  • Cited by 2
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    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    A. N. MacLeod, Andrea 2016. Phonetic and phonological perspectives on the acquisition of voice onset time by French-speaking children. Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics, p. 1.

    Kim, Minjung 2013. The Developmental Aspects of Phonetic Contrasts of Korean Word-Initial Stops in Young Korean Children. Communication Sciences & Disorders, Vol. 18, Issue. 4, p. 417.


The acquisition of the voicing contrast in Spanish: a phonetic and phonological study of word-initial stop consonants*

  • Marlys A. Macken (a1) and David Barton (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 September 2008

This paper reports on the acquisition of the voicing contrast in Mexican–Spanish word-initial stops. In Study 1, three monolingual children were recorded every two weeks for seven months, beginning when the children were about 1; 7. In Study 2, four monolingual children about 3; 10 were recorded once or twice. Two analyses were done. Instrumental analysis of the stop productions revealed that not even by age 3; 10 were the children consistently distinguishing between voiced–voiceless stop cognate pairs on the basis of adult-like voice-onset time characteristics. The spirantization analysis, however, more clearly revealed the children's phonological knowledge. Discussion focuses on the implications of the data for phonological development in general and for the phonological description of voicing in Spanish.

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L. Lisker & A. S. Abramson (1964). A cross-language study of voicing in initial stops: acoustical measurements. Word 20. 384422.

M. A. Macken (1978). Permitted complexity in phonological development: one child's acquisition of Spanish consonants. Lingua 44. 219–53.

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Journal of Child Language
  • ISSN: 0305-0009
  • EISSN: 1469-7602
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-child-language
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