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Adolescent Body Image Dissatisfaction: Relationships with Self-esteem, Anxiety, and Depression Controlling for Body Mass

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  01 February 1998

Marion Kostanski
Victoria University of Technology, St Albans, Australia
Eleonora Gullone
Monash University, Clayton, Australia
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The current study examined the relationships of anxiety, depression, and self-esteem with Perceived Body Image Dissatisfaction (PBID) in a nonclinical population of 516 adolescents, aged 12 to 18. The prevalence of PBID was comparative with previous findings. Interestingly, actual body mass and psychological well-being variables were found to be significantly related with PBID, whilst being independent of each other. Findings support proposals that PBID arises from a complex interplay of factors, including gender, self-esteem, and actual body mass. In particular, our findings highlight the need for future research of a prospective nature incorporating psychological, sociocultural, and maturational factors.

Abbreviations: BMI: Body Mass Index; EAT-26: Eating Attitudes Test; EDI-2: Eating Disorder Inventory; FRS: Figure Rating Scale; PBID: Perceived Body Image Dissatisfaction; RADS: Reynolds Adolescent Depression Scale; RCMAS: Revised Children's Manifest Anxiety Scale; RSES: Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale.

Research Article
© 1998 Association for Child Psychology and Psychiatry

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