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Newborn electroencephalographic correlates of maternal prenatal depressive symptoms

  • H. C. Gustafsson (a1), P. G. Grieve (a2) (a3), E. A. Werner (a4), P. Desai (a4) and C. Monk (a4) (a5)...
Abstract

Maternal perinatal depression exerts pervasive effects on the developing brain, as evidenced by electroencephalographic (EEG) patterns that differ between children of women who do and do not meet DSM or ICD diagnostic criteria. However, little research has examined if the same EEG pattern of right-frontal alpha asymmetry exists in newborns and thus originates in utero independent of postnatal influences, and if depressive symptoms are associated with this neural signature. Utilizing 125-lead EEG (n=18), this study considered clinician-rated maternal prenatal depressive symptoms in relation to newborn EEG. Maternal depressive symptomatology was associated with greater relative right-frontal alpha asymmetry during quiet sleep. These results suggest that even subclinical levels of maternal depression may influence infant brain development, and further support the role of the prenatal environment in shaping children’s future neurobehavioral trajectories.

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Corresponding author
*Address for correspondence: H. C. Gustafsson, Oregon Health and Science University, 3181 SW Sam Jackson Park Road, Multnomah Pavilion, Suite 1505, Portland, OR 97239, USA. E-mail: gustafha@ohsu.edu
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Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
  • ISSN: 2040-1744
  • EISSN: 2040-1752
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-developmental-origins-of-health-and-disease
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