Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

POLICY AND PRACTICE IN ODA DISBURSEMENTS: AN ANALYSIS OF CHANGES IN SOUTH KOREA'S OFFICIAL DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE

  • Dennis Patterson and Jangsup Choi

Abstract

South Korea is the only nation to become an important donor nation after being a recipient of Official Development Assistance (ODA) for several decades. In 2010, it became a member of the OECD's Development Assistance Committee, and while it has continued to use its experience as a former ODA recipient to inform its distribution practices, it also has evolved its ODA policies in response to changes in international norms and the imperatives associated with being a DAC-member nation. We know that, while policies may change, actual ODA disbursements—which nations are selected as recipients and receive ODA in what amounts—may lag or even remain unchanged. In this paper, we use the case of South Korea to determine how actual ODA disbursements change in response to policy changes. To accomplish this, we use a selection model to conduct a statistical analysis of South Korea's ODA disbursements using dyadic data from 1987 to 2016. Our results indicate that, while there has been continuity in terms of which nations receive South Korean ODA, there were also notable changes in its disbursements. Specifically, the ODA policy changes the South Korean government enacted did result in an altered profile of nations that were targeted by South Korea as ODA recipients.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Allison, Graham. 1972. The Essence of Decision: Explaining the Cuban Missile Crisis. Boston: Little Brown.
Amsden, Alice. 1989. Asia's Next Giant: South Korea and Late Industrialization. New York: Oxford University Press.
Arvin, B. Mak, and Drewes, Torben. 2001. “Are there Biases in German Bilateral Aid Allocations?Applied Economics Letters 8 (3): 173177.
Baldwin, David A. 1985. Economic Statecraft. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Bandyopadhyay, Subhayo, and Wall, Howard J.. 2007. “The Determinants of Aid in the Post-Cold War Era.” Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis Review 89 (6): 533547.
Birdsall, Nancy, de la Torre, Augusto, and Caicedo, Felipe Valencia. 2010. “The Washington Consensus: Assessing a Damaged Brand.” Center for Global Development, Working Paper 211.
Biswal, Nisha Desai. 2011. “From U.S. Aid Recipient to Donor Partner: The Republic of Korea's Health Ministry Honors USAID.” Accessed August 22, 2014. http://blog.usaid.gov/2011/03/fron-u-s-aid-recipient-to-donor-partner—therepublic-of-koreas-health-ministry-honors-usaid.
Boix, Carles, and Stokes, Susan C.. 2003. “Endogenous Democratization.” World Politics 55 (4): 517549.
Bruce, Bueno de Mesquita. 1992. War and Reason. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Chun, Hongmin, Munyi, Elijah N., and Lee, Heejin. 2010. “South Korea as an Emerging Donor: Challenges and Changes on its Entering OECD/DAC.” Journal of International Development 22 (6): 788802.
Chung, Soyoon, Eom, Young Ho, and Jung, Heon Joo. 2016. “Why Untie Aid? An Empirical Analysis of the Determinants of South Korea's Untied Aid from 2010 to 2013.” Journal of International Development 28 (4): 552598.
Chung, Young-Iob. 2007. South Korea in the Fast Lane: Economic Development and Capital Formation. New York: Oxford University Press.
Cigranelli, David L., and Pasquarello, Thomas. 1985. “Human Rights Practices and the Distribution of Foreign Aid to Latin American Countries.” American Journal of Political Science 29 (3): 539563.
Demirel-Pegg, Tijen, and Moskowitz, James. 2009. “US Aid Allocation: The Nexus of Human Rights, Democracy, and Development.” Journal of Peace Research 46 (2): 181198.
Fearon, James D. (1998) “Domestic Politics, Foreign Policy, and Theories of International Relations.” Annual Review of Political Science 1: 289313.
G20. 2010. “Seoul Development Consensus for Shared Growth.” U.S. Department of the Treasury. Accessed April 26, 2014. www.oecd.org/g20/topics/development/Annex1-Seoul-Development-Consensus-Shared-Growth.pdf.
Greene, William H. 2003. Econometric Analysis. Upper Saddle River: Prentice Hall.
Heckman, James J. 1979. “Sample Selection Bias as a Specification Error.” Econometrica 47 (1): 153162.
Heo, Uk, and Roehrig, Terence. 2014. South Korea's Rise: Economic Development, Power, and Foreign Relations. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Hurd, Ian. 1999. “Legitimacy and Authority in International Politics,” International Organization 53 (2): 379408.
Johnson, Chalmers. 1982. MITI and the Japanese Miracle. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
Ikenberry, John G., and Mo, Jongryn. 2013. The Rise of Korean Leadership: Emerging Powers and International Order. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Kang, David C. 2014. East Asia before the West: Five Centuries of Trade and Tribute. New York: Columbia University Press.
Kegley, Charles W. 1993. “The Neoidealist Moment in International Studies? Realist Myths and the New International Realists.” International Studies Quarterly 37 (1): 131146.
Kim, Eun-Mee, and Oh, Jinwhan. 2012. “Determinants of Foreign Aid: The Case of South Korea.” Journal of East Asian Studies 12 (2): 251273.
Kim, Eun-Mee, Kim, Pil Ho, and Kim, Jinkyung. 2013. “From Development to Development Cooperation: Foreign Aid, Country Ownership, and the Developmental State in South Korea.” The Pacific Review 26 (3): 313336.
Kim, Jiyoung. 2011. “Foreign Aid and Economic Development: The Success Story of South Korea.” Pacific Focus 26 (2): 260286.
Kim, Ki-Cheon. 2010. “The Significance of the Seoul Consensus.” The Chosun Ilbo. November 16, 2010. Accessed April 23, 2014. http://english.chosun.com/site/data/html_dir/2010/11/16.
Kim, Sang-Tae, and Seddon, David. 2005. “ODA Policy and Practice: Japan and the Republic of Korea.” In Japan's Foreign Aid: Old Continuities and New Directions, edited by David Arase, 152–190. London and New York: Routledge.
Kim, Sooyong, and Kim, Wan-Soon. 1992. Korea's Development Assistance: Performance, Prospects, and Policy. Seoul: International Center for Economic Growth.
Kim, Sung-Mi. 2016. “The Domestic Politics of International Development in South Korea: Stakeholders and Competing Policy Discourses.” The Pacific Review 29 (1): 6791.
Kuznets, Paul W. 1977. Economic Growth and Structure in the Republic of Korea. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Lai, Brian. 2003. “Examining the Goals of US Foreign Assistance in the Post-Cold War Period, 1991–96.” Journal of Peace Research 40 (1): 103128.
Lebow, Richard Ned. 2008. A Cultural Theory of International Relations. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Lee, Kye-Woo. 2012. “Aid by Korea: Progress and Challenges.” Korea's Economy 28: 4555.
Lumsdaine, David H. 1993. Moral Vision in International Politics: The Foreign Aid Regime, 1949–1989. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Maisels, Alfred, and Nissanke, Machinko K.. 1984. “Motivations for Aid to Developing CountriesWorld Development 12 (9): 879900.
Meernik, James, Krueger, Eric L., and Poe, Steven C.. 1998. “Testing Models of U.S. Foreign Policy: Foreign Aid during and after the Cold War.” Journal of Politics 60 (1): 6385.
MOFAT. 2012. 2012 Diplomatic White Paper. Seoul: Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade.
Newnham, Randall E. 2002. “Embassies for Sale: The Purchase of Diplomatic Recognition by West Germany, Taiwan, and South Korea.” International Politics 37 (2): 259284.
Nooruddin, Irfan. 2002. “Modeling Selection Bias in Studies of Sanctions Efficacy.” International Interactions 28 (1): 5975.
OECD. 1996. Shaping the Twenty-First Century: The Role of Development Cooperation. Paris: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development.
OECD. 2012. Korea: Development Assistance Committee, Peer Review, 2012. Paris: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development.
OECD. 2017a. OECD Glossary of Statistical Terms. Accessed August 14, 2016. http://stats.oecd.org/glossary/detail.asp?ID=6043.
OECD. 2017b International Development Statistics. Accessed April 2, 2017. http://oecd-ilibrary.org/development/data/OECD-international-developmeent-statistics_dev-data-en.
Oh, Jinhwan. 2014. “Mutual Priority and Aid Effectiveness: Is South Korea a Major Donor to Its Major Recipients?Pacific Focus 29 (1): 116139.
Oh, Jinhwan, Song, Jisun, and Yin, Eun. 2015. “Comparison of Aid Allocation Patterns of Two Emerging Donors: Korea and Greece.” Review of European Studies 7 (12): 112.
Powell, Robert. 1994. “Anarchy in International Relations Theory: The Neorealist-Neoliberal Debate.” International Organization 48 (2): 313344.
Przeworski, Adam and Limongi, Fernando. 1997. “Modernization: Theories and Facts.” World Politics 49 (2): 155183.
Riddell, Roger C. 2008. Does Foreign Aid Really Work? New York: Oxford University Press.
Roehrig, Terence. 2013. “South Korea, Foreign Aid, and UN Peacekeeping: Contributing to International Peace and Security as a Middle Power.” Korea Observer 44 (4): 623645.
Scott, James M., and Steele, Carie. 2011. “Sponsoring Democracy: The United States and Democracy Aid to the Developing World, 1988–2001.” International Studies Quarterly 55 (1): 4769.
Snyder, Scott A., and Choi, Seukoon Paul. 2012. “From Aid to Development Partnership: Strengthening U.S.-Republic of Korea Cooperation in International Development.Working Paper. New York: Council on Foreign Relations.
Sohn, Hyuk-Sang and Yoo, Nari. 2015. “Motivation for Aid Allocation and Political Ideology: A Case Study of South Korea.” Pacific Focus 30,(3): 344371.
Stallings, Barbara, and Kim, Eunmi. 2016. “Japan, Korea, and China: Styles of ODA in East Asia,” In Japan's Development Assistance: Foreign Aid and the Post-2015 Agenda, edited by Yasutami Shimomura, John Page, and Hiroshi Kato, 120–134. London: Palgrave MacMillan.
Steinberg, David I. 1985. Foreign Aid and the Development of the Republic of Korea: The Effectiveness of Concessional Assistance. AID Special Study No. 42. Washington, DC: Agency for International Development.
Tuman, John P., and Strand, Jonathan R.. 2006. “The Role of Mercantilism, Humanitarianism, and Gaiatsu in Japan's ODA Programs in Asia.” International Relations of the Asia Pacific 6 (1): 6180.
Tuman, John P., Strand, Jonathan R., and Emmert, Craig F.. 2009. “The Disbursement Pattern of Japanese Foreign Aid: A Reappraisal.” Journal of East Asian Studies 9 (2): 219248.
Waltz, Kenneth. 1979. Theory of International Politics. New York: McGraw Hill.
Wohlforth, William C. 2009. “Unipolarity, Status Competition, and Great Power War.” World Politics 61 (1): 2857.

Keywords

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed