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    Hale, Matthew Raymond, Graham and Wright, Catherine 2012. List of publications on the economic and social history of Great Britain and Ireland published in 2011. The Economic History Review, Vol. 65, Issue. 4, p. 1524.

  • The Journal of Ecclesiastical History, Volume 62, Issue 4
  • October 2011, pp. 744-762

The Christmas Season and the Protestant Churches in England, c. 1870–1914

  • DOI:
  • Published online: 19 September 2011

Histories of the English Christmas tend to downplay the role of religion in the development of the modern festival. This article examines the place of religion in the popular celebration of Christmas, as well as the provision of worship offered by the Protestant Churches during the festive season. It argues that although some churchmen viewed Christmas pessimistically as part of a broader battle between sacred and secular, the Churches played an important role in the expansion of the urban public culture of Christmas in the late nineteenth century, whilst the doctrine of the incarnation provided a religious framework for the celebration of childhood and domesticity that the festival had come to embody.

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The Journal of Ecclesiastical History
  • ISSN: 0022-0469
  • EISSN: 1469-7637
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-ecclesiastical-history
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