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The Trend in the Rate of Labor Force Participation of Older Men, 1870–1930: A Reply to Moen

  • Roger L. Ransom (a1) and Richard Sutch (a2)
Abstract

In the 1986 volume of this JOURNAL we discussed the frequency of retirement and downward occupational mobility (on-the-job retirement) of older men in the United States at the end of the nineteenth century.1 As we noted, study of retirement in the years before World War II is hampered by the lack of data on the labor force status of individuals. Indeed, until the concept of “gainful employment” was replaced by that of the “labor force” in 1940, the official census figures on occupations contained a large proportion of older men and women who by today's standard would be regarded as retired2.

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Daniel Scot. Smith , “A Community-Based Sample of the Older Population From the 1880 and 1900 United States Manuscript Census,” Historical Methods, 11 (Spring1978).

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The Journal of Economic History
  • ISSN: 0022-0507
  • EISSN: 1471-6372
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-economic-history
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