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Dissolution-driven porous-medium convection in the presence of chemical reaction

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  17 April 2014

T. J. Ward
Affiliation:
School of Mathematical Sciences, University of Nottingham, University Park, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK
K. A. Cliffe
Affiliation:
School of Mathematical Sciences, University of Nottingham, University Park, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK
O. E. Jensen*
Affiliation:
School of Mathematics, University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9PL, UK
H. Power
Affiliation:
Faculty of Engineering, University of Nottingham, University Park, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK
*
Email address for correspondence: oliver.jensen@manchester.ac.uk

Abstract

Motivated by processes occurring during ${\mathrm{CO}}_2$ sequestration in an underground saline aquifer, we examine two-dimensional convection in a finite-depth porous medium induced by a solute introduced at the upper boundary. Once dissolved, the solute concentration is assumed to decay via a first-order chemical reaction, restricting the depth over which solute can penetrate the domain. Using spectral and asymptotic methods, we explore the resulting convective mixing using linear stability analysis, computation of nonlinear steady solution branches and time-dependent simulations, as a function of Rayleigh number, Damköhler number and domain size. Long-wave eigenmodes show how deep recirculation can be driven by a shallow solute field while explicit approximations are derived for the growth of short-wave eigenmodes. Steady solution branches undergo numerous secondary bifurcations, forming an intricate network of mixed states. Although many of these states are unstable, some play an important role in organising the phase space of time-dependent states, providing approximate bounds for time-averaged mixing rates.

Type
Papers
Copyright
© 2014 Cambridge University Press 

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