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Overtopping a truncated planar beach

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  16 November 2010

ANDREW J. HOGG*
Affiliation:
Centre for Environmental and Geophysical Flows, School of Mathematics, University of Bristol, University Walk, Bristol BS8 1TW, UK
TOM E. BALDOCK
Affiliation:
School of Civil Engineering, University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia
DAVID PRITCHARD
Affiliation:
Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Strathclyde, Livingstone Tower, 26 Richmond Street, Glasgow G1 1XH, UK
*
Email address for correspondence: a.j.hogg@bristol.ac.uk

Abstract

Run-up on a truncated impermeable beach is analysed theoretically and experimentally to find the volume of fluid, associated with a single wave event, that flows over the end of the beach. The theoretical calculations investigate the motion using the shallow-water equations and the fluid is allowed to flow freely over the end of the beach. Two models of wave events are considered: dam-break initial conditions, in which fluid collapses from rest to run-up and overtop the beach, and a waveform that models swash associated with the collapse of a long solitary bore. The calculations are made using quasi-analytical techniques, following the hodograph transformation of the governing equations. They yield predictions for the volume of fluid per unit width that overtops the beach, primarily as a function of the dimensionless length of the beach. These predictions are often far in excess of previous theoretical calculations. New experimental results are also reported in which the overtopping volumes due to flows initiated from dam-break conditions are studied for a range of reservoir lengths and heights and for a range of lengths and inclinations of the beach. Without the need for any empirically fitted parameters, good agreement is found between the experimental measurements and the theoretical predictions in regimes for which the effects of drag are negligible.

Type
Papers
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2010

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