Hostname: page-component-848d4c4894-8kt4b Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-06-16T09:17:17.675Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

Gastrointestinal helminths of wolves (Canis lupus Linnaeus, 1758) in Piedmont, north-western Italy

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  20 September 2019

M.R.P. de Macedo*
Affiliation:
Laboratory of Wildlife Parasitology, University of Pelotas, Avenida Eliseu Maciel s/n 96010-610, Capão do Leão, Brazil
S. Zanet
Affiliation:
Department of Veterinary Sciences, University of Turin, 10095 Grugliasco (TO), Italy
S. Bruno
Affiliation:
Department of Veterinary Sciences, University of Turin, 10095 Grugliasco (TO), Italy
A. Tolosano
Affiliation:
Provincia di Torino, Corpo di vigilanza faunistico-ambientale, Torino, Italy
F. Marucco
Affiliation:
Project Lupo Interreg, Regione Piemonte, Parco Naturale Alpi Marittime, Valdieri, Italy
L. Rossi
Affiliation:
Department of Veterinary Sciences, University of Turin, 10095 Grugliasco (TO), Italy
G. Muller
Affiliation:
Laboratory of Wildlife Parasitology, University of Pelotas, Avenida Eliseu Maciel s/n 96010-610, Capão do Leão, Brazil
E. Ferroglio
Affiliation:
Department of Veterinary Sciences, University of Turin, 10095 Grugliasco (TO), Italy
*
Author for correspondence: M.R.P. de Macedo, E-mail: mrpmbio@gmail.com

Abstract

Free-ranging grey wolves (Canis lupus), which are presently recolonizing Italy, can be parasitized by a diversity of helminths, but have rarely been subject to studies of their parasites. Therefore, this study aims to determine the prevalence of gastrointestinal helminths of road-killed grey wolves from the Piedmont region of Italy. Forty-two wolves were collected and examined for the presence of helminths. We recorded 12 helminth species: nine Nematoda and three Cestoda. The nematodes were: Ancylostoma caninum (7.1%), Capillaria sp. (2.4%), Molineus sp. (2.4%), Pterygodermatites affinis (11.9%), Physaloptera sibirica (9.5%), Toxocara canis (9.5%), Toxascaris leonina (2.4%) and Uncinaria stenocephala (26.2%); the cestodes were: Dipylidium caninum (4.8%), Mesocestoides sp. (4.8%) and Taenia multiceps (76.2%). Physaloptera sibirica had the highest mean intensity and T. multiceps had the highest prevalence. Based on age and sex, no differences in the intensity or prevalence of helminth species were found among the hosts. Molineus sp. was recorded for the first time in wolves from the Palearctic region; P. affinis and P. sibirica are respectively reported for the first time in wolves from Europe and Italy.

Type
Short Communication
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2019 

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

Footnotes

*

Current address: Coordination of Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES), Ministry of Education, Brasília-DF, 70040-020, Brazil.

References

Alexander, KA, McNutt, JW, Briggs, MB, Standers, PE, Funston, P, Hemson, G, Keet, D and van Vuuren, M (2010) Multi-host pathogens and carnivore management in southern Africa. Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases 33, 249265.Google Scholar
Amato, J and Amato, S (2010) Técnicas gerais para coleta e preparação de helmintos endoparasitos de aves. pp. 369393 in Von Matter, S, Straube, F, Accordi, I, Piacentini, V, Cândido, JJ (Eds) Ornitologia e conservação: ciência aplicada, técnicas de pesquisa e levantamento. Vol. 1. Rio de Janeiro, Technical Books.Google Scholar
Anderson, RC, Chabaud, AG and Willmott, S (2009) Keys to the nematode parasites of vertebrates: archival Volume. Oxfordshire, CABI Publishing. 443 pp.Google Scholar
Arru, E, Garippa, G and Fico, R (1986) Sulla presenza di Echinococcus granulosus nella volpe (Vulpes vulpes) e nel lupo (Canis lupus). Atti della Società Italiana delle Scienze Veterinarie 42, 10891092.Google Scholar
Bagrade, G, Kirjusina, M, Vismanis, K and Ozolins, J (2009) Helminth parasites of the wolf Canis lupus from Latvia. Journal of Helminthology 83, 6368.Google Scholar
Bindke, JD, Springer, A, Boer, M and Strube, C (2017) Helminth fauna in captive European gray wolves (Canis lupus lupus) in Germany. Frontiers in Veterinary Science 4, 228.Google Scholar
Bush, AO, Lafferty, KD, Lotz, JM and Shostak, AW (1997) Parasitology meets ecology on its own terms: Margolis et al. revisited. Journal of Parasitology 83, 575583.Google Scholar
Canavese, G and Marucco, F (2016) The Project LIFE WolfAlps: new knowledge for coordinated conservation actions. Proceedings II Conference LIFE WolfAlps – The Wolf Population in the Alps: Status and Management, Cuneo, 22 January 2016, Project LIFE 12 NAT/IT/00080 WOLFALPS127.Google Scholar
Capelli, G, Stancampiano, L, Magi, M, Poglayen, G and Guberti, V (2003) Diversità delle comunità parassitarie intestinali in tre popolazioni di volpi. Journal of Mountain Ecology 7, 199205.Google Scholar
Cerbo, A, Manfredi, M, Trevisiol, K, Bregoli, M, Ferrari, N, Pirinesi, F and Bazzoli, S (2008) Intestinal helminth communities of the red fox (Vulpes vulpes L.) in the Italian Alps. Acta Parasitologica 53, 302311.Google Scholar
Craig, HL and Craig, PS (2005) Helminth parasites of wolves (Canis lupus): a species list and an analysis of published prevalence studies in Nearctic and Palaearctic populations. Journal of Helminthology 79, 95103.Google Scholar
Eleni, C, De Liberato, C, Azam, D, Morgan, ER and Traversa, D (2014) Angiostrongylus vasorum in wolves in Italy. International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife 3, 1214.Google Scholar
Esch, GW and Self, JT (1965) A critical study of the taxonomy of Taenia pisiformis Bloch, 1780; Multiceps multiceps (Leske, 1780); and Hydatigera taeniaeformis Batsch, 1786. Journal of Parasitology 51, 932937.Google Scholar
Fabbri, E, Miquel, C, Lucchini, V, et al. (2007) From the Apennines to the Alps: colonization genetics of the naturally expanding Italian wolf (Canis lupus) population. Molecular Ecology 16, 16611671.Google Scholar
Ferroglio, E, Ragagli, C and Trisciuoglio, A (2009) Physaloptera sibirica in foxes and badgers from the Western Alps (Italy). Veterinary Parasitology 163, 164166.Google Scholar
Fiocchi, A, Gustinelli, A, Gelmini, L, Rugna, G, Renzi, M, Fontana, MC and Poglayen, G (2016) Helminth parasites of the red fox Vulpes vulpes (L., 1758) and the wolf Canis lupus italicus Altobello, 1921 in Emilia-Romagna, Italy. Italian Journal of Zoology 83, 503513.Google Scholar
Gibbons, LM (2010) Keys to the nematode parasite of vertebrates: supplementary Volume. Oxfordshire, CABI Publishing. 416 pp.Google Scholar
Guberti, V, Stancampiano, L and Francisci, F (1993) Intestinal helminth parasite community in wolves (Canis lupus) in Italy. Parassitologia 35, 5965.Google Scholar
Guberti, V, Bolognini, M, Lanfranchi, P and Battelli, G (2004) Echinococcus granulosus in the wolf in Italy. Parassitologia 46, 425427.Google Scholar
Hrckova, G, Miterpakova, M, O'Connor, A, Snabel, V and Olson, PD (2011) Molecular and morphological circumscription of Mesocestoides tapeworms from red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) in central Europe. Parasitology 138, 638647.Google Scholar
Khalil, LF, Jones, A and Bray, RA (1994) Keys to the cestode parasites of vertebrates. Oxford, Oxford University Press. 768 pp.Google Scholar
Kloch, A, Bednarska, M and Bajer, A (2005) Intestinal macro- and microparasites of wolves (Canis lupus L.) from North-Eastern Poland recovered by coprological study. Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine 12, 237245.Google Scholar
Loos-Frank, B (2000) An up-date of Verster's (1969) ‘Taxonomic revision of the genus Taenia Linnaeus’ (Cestoda) in table format. Systematic Parasitology 45, 155183.Google Scholar
Manfredi, MT, Giacometti, A, Fraquelli, C and Piccolo, G (2003) Studio della popolazione elmintica in volpi (Vulpes vulpes) del Trentino Alto-Adige. Journal of Mountain Ecology 7, 261263.Google Scholar
Marucco, F, Marboutin, E, Duchamp, C, Avanzinelli, E, Potocnik, H and Rauer, G (2013) Wolf Alpine Group. Alpine Convention Group. Cogne, WISO Platform, 17 p.Google Scholar
Mattioli, L, Canu, A, Passilongo, D, Scandura, M and Apollonio, M (2018) Estimation of pack density in grey wolf (Canis lupus) by applying spatially explicit capture-recapture models to camera trap data supported by genetic monitoring. Frontiers in Zoology 15, 3838.Google Scholar
Moks, E, Jogisalu, I, Saarma, U, Talvik, H, Jarvis, T and Valdmann, H (2006) Helminthologic survey of the wolf (Canis lupus) in Estonia, with an emphasis on Echinococcus granulosus. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 42, 359365.Google Scholar
Otranto, D, Cantacessi, C, Mallia, E and Lia, RP (2007) First report of Thelazia callipaeda (Spirurida, Thelaziidae) in wolves in Italy. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 43, 508511.Google Scholar
Padgett, KA, Nadler, SA, Munson, L, Sacks, B and Boyce, WM (2005) Systematics of Mesocestoides (Cestoda: Mesocestoididae): evaluation of molecular and morphological variation among isolates. Journal of Parasitology 91, 14351443.Google Scholar
Popiolek, M, Szczesnaa, J, Nowaka, S and Myslajeka, RW (2007) Helminth infections in faecal samples of wolves Canis lupus L. from the western Beskidy Mountains in southern Poland. Journal of Helminthology 81, 339344.Google Scholar
Popiolek, M, Jarnecki, H and Luczynski, T (2009) The first record of Molineus patens (Dujardin, 1845) (Nematoda, Molineidae) in the ermine (Mustela erminea L.) in Poland. Wiadomości Parazytologiczne 55, 433435.Google Scholar
Sato, H and Suzuki, K (2006) Gastrointestinal helminths of feral raccoons (Procyon lotor) in Wakayama Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Veterinary Medical Science 68, 311318.Google Scholar
Segovia, JM, Guerrero, R, Torres, J, Miquel, J and Feliu, C (2003) Ecological analyses of the intestinal helminth communities of the wolf, Canis lupus, in Spain. Folia Parasitologica 50, 231236.Google Scholar
Segovia, J-M, Torres, J, Miquel, J, Sospedra, E, Guerrero, R and Feliu, C (2007) Analysis of helminth communities of the pine marten, Martes martes, in Spain: mainland and insular data. Acta Parasitologica 52, 156164.Google Scholar
Shimalov, VV and Shimalov, VT (2000) Helminth fauna of the wolf (Canis lupus Linnaeus, 1758) in Belorussian Polesie. Parasitology Research 86, 163164.Google Scholar