Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 13
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Mirzaei, Mohammad Rezaei, Hadi Nematollahi, Ahmad and Ashrafihelan, Javad 2016. Survey of hydatidosis infection in slaughtered camel (Camelus dromedarius) in Tabriz area, Northwest Iran. Journal of Parasitic Diseases, Vol. 40, Issue. 2, p. 444.

    shahbazi, Yasser Hashemnia, Mohammad and Afshari Safavi, Ehsan Allah 2016. A retrospective survey of hydatidosis based on abattoir data in Kermanshah, Iran from 2008 to 2013. Journal of Parasitic Diseases, Vol. 40, Issue. 2, p. 459.

    Assefa, Habtamu Mulate, Belay Nazir, Shahid and Alemayehu, Alula 2015. Cystic echinococcosis amongst small ruminants and humans in central Ethiopia. Onderstepoort J Vet Res, Vol. 82, Issue. 1,

    El Berbri, Ikhlass Petavy, Anne Françoise Umhang, Gerald Bouslikhane, Mohammed Fassi Fihri, Ouafaa Boué, Franck and Dakkak, Allal 2015. Epidemiological Investigations on Cystic Echinococcosis in North-West (Sidi Kacem Province) Morocco: Infection in Ruminants. Advances in Epidemiology, Vol. 2015, p. 1.

    Ezatpour, Behrouz Hasanvand, Ali Azami, Mehdi Mahmoudvand, Hossein and Anbari, Khatereh 2014. A slaughterhouse study on prevalence of some helminths of cattle in Lorestan provience, west Iran. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Disease, Vol. 4, Issue. 5, p. 416.

    Godara, R. Katoch, R. and Yadav, Anish 2014. Hydatidosis in goats in Jammu, India. Journal of Parasitic Diseases, Vol. 38, Issue. 1, p. 73.

    Hajimohammadi, B Oryan, A Zohourtabar, A Ardian, M and Shokuhifar, M 2014. Rate of carcass and offal condemnation in animals slaughtered at Yazd Slaughterhouse, central Iran. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine, Vol. 4, Issue. 9, p. 736.

    Nebyou, Moje and Adugna, Degefa 2014. Prevalence, cyst viability, organ distributions and financial losses due to hydatidosis in cattle slaughtered at Nekemte municipal abattoir, Western Ethiopia. Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health, Vol. 6, Issue. 11, p. 280.

    Ouchene, Nassim Bitam, Idir Zeroual, Faycal and Khelifi, Nadjet Amina Ouchene 2014. Cystic Echinococcosis in Wild Boars (Sus scrofa) and Slaughtered Domestic Ruminants in Algeria. Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, Vol. 9, Issue. 12, p. 767.

    Cardona, Guillermo A. and Carmena, David 2013. A review of the global prevalence, molecular epidemiology and economics of cystic echinococcosis in production animals. Veterinary Parasitology, Vol. 192, Issue. 1-3, p. 10.

    Youssefi, Mohammad Reza Tabaripour, Reza Omrani, Vahid Fallah Spotin, Adel and Esfandiari, Behzad 2013. Genotypic characterization of Echinococcus granulosus in Iranian goats. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Disease, Vol. 3, Issue. 5, p. 362.

    Borji, H. Azizzadeh, M. and Afsai, A. 2012. An abattoir-based study on the prevalence of hydatidosis in livestock in Mashhad, Iran. Journal of Helminthology, Vol. 86, Issue. 02, p. 233.

    Borji, Hassan Azizzadeh, Mohammad and Kamelli, Mehrab 2012. A Retrospective Study of Abattoir Condemnation Due to Parasitic Infections: Economic Importance in Ahwaz, Southwestern Iran. Journal of Parasitology, Vol. 98, Issue. 5, p. 954.


An abattoir-based study on the prevalence and economic losses due to cystic echinococcosis in slaughtered herbivores in Ahwaz, south-western Iran

  • N.A. Ahmadi (a1) and M. Meshkehkar (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 19 April 2010

A 10-year (1998–2008) retrospective study was carried out to investigate the prevalence and long-term trend of hydatid disease in slaughtered herbivores in the large complex abattoir of Ahwaz (the capital of Khuzestan province, south-western Iran). A total of 3,583,417 animals including 2,815,982 sheep, 427,790 goats and 339,645 cattle were inspected macroscopically for hydatid cysts in the 10-year period, and overall 155,555 (4.24%) livers and 228,172 (6.37%) lungs were condemned. Cystic echinococcosis (CE) was responsible for 36.08% and 48.04% of total liver and lung condemnations, respectively. The prevalence of pulmonary hydatid disease in sheep, goats and cattle was 2.22, 5.43 and 6.99%, respectively; on the other hand, the prevalence of hepatic hydatid disease for those animals was 1.26, 2.57 and 2.80%, respectively. Data showed an overall downward long-term trend for CE in all livestock slaughtered during the study period (P < 0.01). Lung condemnation due to CE was significantly more common than liver condemnation for each animal separately (P < 0.001). The prevalence of liver and lung hydatidosis in sheep was significantly lower than that in other livestock (P < 0.001). The prevalence of hydatid disease recovered from the sheep, cattle and goats varied in different seasons, but there was no statistical difference between various seasons. The odds ratio of lung and liver condemnations due to hydatidosis showed a slightly different pattern in some years; however, the overall declining trend was still observed. The total annual economic loss incurred due to hydatidosis in all ruminants slaughtered at Ahwaz municipal abattoir was estimated to be US$459,659.6, based on the market prices in the year 2008. This number corresponds to a loss of US$300,620.4 for cattle, US$123,490.0 for sheep and US$35,549.2 for goats. The current results provide baseline data for the future monitoring of this potentially important disease in the region, and also suggest that a thorough investigation leading to a disease control strategy is required to reduce the economic and public health consequences of CE.

Corresponding author
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

N.A. Ahmadi & A. Dalimi (2006) Characterization of Echinococcus granulosus isolates from human, sheep and camel in Iran. Infection, Genetics and Evolution 6, 8590.

N.A. Ahmadi & M. Hamidi (2008) A retrospective analysis of human cystic echinococcosis in Hamedan province, an endemic region of Iran. Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology 102, 609–603.

M. Ansari-Lari (2005) A retrospective survey of hydatidosis in livestock in Shiraz, Iran, based on abattoir data during 1999–2004. Veterinary Parasitology 133, 119123.

R.V. Blamier , R.H. Goodhand & K.C. Taylor (1980) A review of some animal diseases encountered at meat inspections in England and Wales, 1969 to 1978. Veterinary Record 106, 195199.

H. Carabin , C.M. Budke , L.D. Cowan , A.L. Willingham & P.R. Torgerson (2005) Methods for assessing the burden of parasitic zoonoses: echinococcosis and cysticercosis. Trends in Parasitology 21, 327333.

G. Christodoulopoulos , G. Theodoropoulos & G. Petrakos (2008) Epidemiological survey of cestode-larva disease in Greek sheep flocks. Veterinary Parasitology 153, 368373.

A. Dalimi , Gh. Motamedi , M. Hosseini , B. Mohammadian , H. Malaki , Z. Ghamari & F. Ghaffari-Far (2002) Echinococcosis/hydatidosis in western Iran. Veterinary Parasitology 105, 161171.

A. Dalimi , A. Sattari & Gh. Motamedi (2006) A study on intestinal helminthes of dogs, foxes and jackals in the western part of Iran. Veterinary Parasitology 142, 129133.

A. Eslami & S.H. Hosseini (1998) Echinococcus granulosus infection of farm dogs of Iran. Parasitology Research 84, 205207.

M. Fakhar & S.M. Sadjjadi (2007) Prevalence of hydatidosis in slaughtered herbivores in Qom province, central part of Iran. Veterinary Research Communications 31, 993997.

N. Kebede , A. Abuhay , G. Tilahun & A. Wossene (2009) Financial loss estimation, prevalence and characterization of hydatidosis of cattle slaughtered at Debre Markos Municipality abattoir, Ethiopia. Tropical Animal Health and Production 41, 17871789.

M.M. Majorowski , H. Carabin , M. Kilani & A. Bensalah (2005) Echinococcosis in Tunisia: a cost analysis. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 99, 268278.

D. Mehrabani , A. Oryan & S.M. Sadjjadi (1999) Prevalence of Echinococcus granulosus infection in stray dogs and herbivores in Shiraz, Iran. Veterinary Parasitology 86, 217220.

A.L. Molan (1993) Epidemiology of hydatidosis and echinococcosis in Theqar province, southern Iraq. Japanese Journal of Medical Sciences and Biology 46, 2935.

S.M. Sadjjadi (2006) Present situation of echinococcosis in the Middle East and Arabic North Africa. Parasitology International 55, S197S202.

S. Sariözkan & C. Yalçin (2009) Estimating the production losses due to cystic echinococcosis in ruminants in Turkey. Veterinary Parasitology 163, 330334.

B. Sarkari , S.M. Sadjjadi , M.M. Beheshtian , M. Aghaee & F. Sedaghat (2010) Human cystic echinococcosis in Yasuj district in southwest of Iran: an epidemiological study of seroprevalence and surgical cases over a ten-year period. Zoonoses and Public Health 57, 146150.

S. Umur (2003) Prevalence and economic importance of cystic echinococcosis in slaughtered ruminants in Burdur, Turkey. Journal of Veterinary Medicine B, Infectious Disease and Veterinary Public Health 50, 247252.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of Helminthology
  • ISSN: 0022-149X
  • EISSN: 1475-2697
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-helminthology
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *