Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Helminth parasites of South American fishes: current status and characterization as a model for studies of biodiversity

  • J.L. Luque (a1), F.B. Pereira (a1), P.V. Alves (a2), M.E. Oliva (a3) (a4) and J.T. Timi (a5)...
Abstract

The South American subcontinent supports one of the world's most diverse and commercially very important ichthyofauna. In this context, the study of South American fish parasites is of increased relevance in understanding their key roles in ecosystems, regulating the abundance or density of host populations, stabilizing food webs and structuring host communities. It is hard to estimate the number of fish parasites in South America. The number of fish species studied for parasites is still low (less than 10%), although the total number of host–parasite associations (HPAs) found in the present study was 3971. Monogeneans, with 835 species (1123 HPAs, 28.5%), and trematodes, with 662 species (1127 HPAs, 30.9%), are the more diverse groups. Data gathered from the literature are useful to roughly estimate species richness of helminths from South American fish, even though there are some associated problems: the reliability of information depends on accurate species identification; the lack of knowledge about life cycles; the increasing number of discoveries of cryptic species and the geographically biased number of studies. Therefore, the closest true estimations of species diversity and distribution will rely on further studies combining both molecular and morphological approaches with ecological data such as host specificity, geographical distribution and life-cycle data. Research on biodiversity of fish parasites in South America is influenced by problems such as funding, taxonomic impediments and dispersion of research groups. Increasing collaboration, interchange and research networks in the context of globalization will enable a promising future for fish parasitology in South America.

Copyright
Corresponding author
*E-mail: luqueufrrj@gmail.com
References
Hide All
Alarcos, A.J., Pereira, A.N., Taborda, N.L., Luque, J.L. & Timi, J.T. (2016) Parasitological evidence of stocks of Paralichthys isosceles (Pleuronectiformes: Paralichthyidae) at small and large geographical scales in South American Atlantic coast. Fisheries Research 173, 221228.
Alves, P.V., de Chambrier, A., Scholz, T. & Luque, J.L. (2015) A new genus and species of proteocephalidean tapeworm (Cestoda), first parasite found in the driftwood catfish Tocantinsia piresi (Siluriformes: Auchenipteridae) from Brazil. Folia Parasitologica 62, 006.
Amarante, C.F., Tassinari, W., Luque, J.L. & Pereira, M.J.S. (2015) Factors associated with parasite aggregation levels in fishes from Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária 24, 174182.
Amin, O.M. (2000) Acanthocephala in the Neotropical region. pp. 167174 in Salgado Maldonado, G., García-Aldrete, A.N. & Vidal-Martínez, V.M. (Eds) Metazoan parasites in neotropics: A systematic and ecological perspective. Mexico, Instituto de Biologia, UNAM.
Arredondo, N.J. & Gil de Pertierra, A.A. (2010) Pomphorhynchus omarsegundoi sp. n. (Acanthocephala: Pomphorhynchidae), parasite of the banded knifefish Gymnotus carapo (Gymnotiformes: Gymnotidae) from the Paraná River basin, Argentina. Folia Parasitologica 57, 307311.
Arredondo, N.J. & Gil de Pertierra, A.A. (2012) A new species of Neoechinorhynchus (Eoacanthocephala: Neoechinorhynchidae) from Pachyurus bonariensis (Perciformes: Sciaenidae) from the Paraná River basin in Argentina, with comments on two other species of the genus. Revue Suisse of Zoologie 119, 425439.
Arredondo, N.J. & Ostrowski de Nuñez, M.C. (2013) A new species of Parspina Pearse, 1920 (Digenea: Cryptogonimidae) from Pimelodella gracilis (Valenciennes) (Siluriformes: Heptapteridae) in Paraná River basin, Argentina, and a key to the genus. Systematic Parasitology 84, 8187.
Arredondo, N.J., Gil de Pertierra, A.A. & de Chambrier, A. (2014) A new species of Pseudocrepidobothrium (Cestoda: Proteocephalidea) from Pseudoplatystoma fasciatum (Pisces: Siluriformes) in the Paraná River basin (Argentina). Folia Parasitologica 61, 462472.
Bellay, S., Oliveira, E.F., Almeida-Neto, M., Pereira, D., Takemoto, R.M. & Luque, J.L. (2013) Developmental stage of parasites influences the structure of fish–parasite networks. PLoS One 8, e75710.
Bellay, S., Oliveira, E.F., Almeida-Neto, M., Abdallah, V.D., Azevedo, R.K., Takemoto, R.M. & Luque, J.L. (2015a) The patterns of organization and structure of interactions in a fish–parasite network of a Neotropical river. International Journal for Parasitology 45, 549557.
Bellay, S., Oliveira, E.F., Almeida-Neto, M., Mello, M.A.R., Takemoto, R.M. & Luque, J.L. (2015b) Ectoparasites and endoparasites of fish from networks with different structures. Parasitology 142, 19.
Boeger, W.A. (2011) Vernon Everett Thatcher (1929–2011). Zoologia 28, 690691.
Boeger, W.A., Vianna, R.T. & Thatcher, V.E. (2006) Monogenoidea. pp. 42116 in Adis, J., Arias, J.R., Rueda-Delgado, G. & Wantzen, K.M. (Eds) Amazon fish parasites. Vol. 1. 2nd edn. Sofia, Pensoft Publishers.
Boeger, W.A., Ferreira, R.C., Vianna, R.T. & Patella, L. (2014a) Neotropical Monogenoidea 59. Polyonchoineans from Characidium spp. (Characiformes: Crenuchidae) from southern Brazil. Folia Parasitologica 61, 120132.
Boeger, W.A., Kritsky, D.C., Domingues, M.V. & Bueno-Silva, M. (2014b) The phylogenetic position of Loimoidae Price, 1936 (Monogenoidea: Monocotylidae) based on analysis of partial rDNA sequences and morphological data. Parasitology International 63, 492499.
Boeger, W.A., Pariselle, A. & Azambuja, L.P. (2015) Susanlimae ianwhittingtoni gen. nov., sp. nov. (Monogenoidea: Dactylogyridae), a dweller of the gill rakers of Pseudeutropius moolenburghae (Siluriformes: Schilbeidae) from Sumatra. Zoologia 32, 532537.
Borges, J.N., Cunha, L.F.G., Santos, H.L.C., Monteiro-Neto, C. & Santos, C.P. (2012) Morphological and molecular diagnosis of anisakid nematode larvae from cutlassfish (Trichiurus lepturus) off the coast of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. PLoS One 7, e40447
Borges, J.N., Cunha, L.F.G., Miranda, D.F., Monteiro-Neto, C. & Santos, C.P. (2015) Molecular studies on larvae of Pseudoterranova parasite of Trichiurus lepturus Linnaeus, 1758 and Pomatomus saltatrix (Linnaeus, 1766) off Brazilian waters. Acta Parasitologica 60, 649653.
Braicovich, P.E. & Timi, J.T. (2015) Homogeneity of parasite assemblages of Dules auriga (Serranidae) in hydrographically heterogeneous sites. Journal of Fish Biology 86, 13631376.
Braicovich, P.E., Lanfrachi, A.L., Farber, M.D., Marvaldi, A.E., Luque, J.L. & Timi, J.T. (2014) Genetic and morphological evidence reveals the existence of a new family, genus and species of Echinorhynchida (Acanthocephala). Folia Parasitologica 61, 377384.
Branches, B. & Domingues, M.V. (2014) A new species of Unilatus (Platyhelminthes: Monogenoidea) from the gills of Leporacanthicus galaxias Isbrücker et Nijssen (Siluriformes: Loricariidae) from Brazil. Acta Parasitologica 59, 9197.
Bray, R.A., Diaz, P.E. & Cribb, T.H. (2016) Knowledge of marine fish trematodes of Atlantic and Eastern Pacific Oceans. Systematic Parasitology 93, 223235.
Brooks, D.R., Mayes, M.A. & Thorson, T.B. (1981) Systematic review of cestodes infecting freshwater stingrays (Condrichthyes: Potamotrigonidae) including four new species from Venezuela. Proceedings of the Helminthological Society of Washington 48, 4364.
Caira, J.N. & Jensen, K. (2014) A digest of elasmobranch tapeworms. Journal of Parasitology 100, 373391.
Cantatore, D.M.P. & Timi, J.T. (2015) Marine parasites as biological tags in South American Atlantic waters, current status and perspectives. Parasitology 142, 524.
Cantatore, D.M.P., Irigoitia, M.M., Holzer, A. & Timi, J.T. (2016) Myxozoans as biological tags for stock identification of the Argentine hake, Meluccius hubbsi (Gadiformes: Merlucciidae). Parasitology 143, 732740.
Carreras-Aubets, M., Repullés-Albelda, A., Kostadinova, A. & Carrassón, M. (2011) A new cryptic species of Aponurus Looss, 1907 (Digenea: Lecithasteridae) from Mediterranean goatfish (Teleostei: Mullidae). Systematic Parasitology 79, 145159.
Choudhury, A. & Pérez-Ponce de León, G. (2005) The roots of historical biogeography in Latin American parasitology: The legacy of Hermann von Ihering and Lothar Szidat. pp. 4553 in Llorente Bousquets, J. & Morrone, J.J. (Eds) Regionalización biogeográfica en Iberoamérica y tópicos afines: Primeras Jornadas Biogeográficas de la Red Iberoamericana de Biogeografía y Entomología Sistemática (RIBES XII.I-CYTED). Las Prensas de Ciencias, UNAM, México, D.F.
Choudhury, A., Aguirre-Macedo, M.L., Curran, S.S., Ostrowski de Núñez, M., Overstreet, R.M., Pérez-Ponce de León, G. & Santos, C.P. (2016) Trematode diversity in freshwater fishes of the Globe II: ‘New World’. Systematic Parasitology 93, 271282.
Cohen, S.C., Justo, M.C.N. & Kohn, A. (2013) South American Monogenoidea parasites of fishes, amphibians and reptiles. 659 pp. Rio de Janeiro, Oficina de livros.
Cribb, T.H. (2016) Editorial: The biodiversity of trematodes of fishes. Systematic Parasitology 93, 219221.
de Chambrier, A., Scholz, T. & Kuchta, R. (2014) Taxonomic status of Woodland's enigmatic tapeworms (Cestoda: Proteocephalidea) from Amazonian catfishes: back to museum collections. Systematic Parasitology 87, 117.
de Chambrier, A., Kuchta, R. & Scholz, T. (2015) Tapeworms (Cestoda: Proteocephalidea) of teleost fishes from the Amazon River in Peru: additional records as an evidence of unexplored species diversity. Revue Suisse de Zoologie 122, 149163.
Dias, A.A.R.S., Castro, C.M.A., Pedroso, L.R. & Calaza, N.M. (1990) Lauro Travassos (1890–1990): Bibliografia. 142 pp. Rio de Janeiro, FIOCRUZ, Biblioteca de Manguinhos.
Diesing, K.M. (1850) Systema Helminthum. Vol. I. 679 pp. Vindobonae, Wilhelmum Braumüller.
Diesing, K.M. (1851) Systema Helminthum. Vol. II. 588 pp. Vindobonae, Wilhelmum Braumüller.
Diesing, K.M. (1856) Zwanzig Arten von Cephalocotyleen. Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Mathematisch Naturwissenschaftliche Classe 12, 2338.
Dobson, A.P., Lafferty, K.D., Kuris, A.M., Hechinger, R.F. & Jetz, W. (2008) Homage to Linnaeus: how many parasites? How many hosts? Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 105, 482489.
Domingues, M.V. & Marques, F.P.L. (2007) Revision of Potamotrygonocotyle Mayes, Brooks & Thorson, 1981 (Platyhelminthes, Monogenea, Monocotylidae) with descriptions of four new species from the gills of freshwater stingrays, Potamotrygon spp. (Rajiformes, Potamotrygonidae) from the La Plata river basin. Systematic Parasitology 67, 157174.
Domingues, M.V. & Marques, F.P.L. (2011) Phylogeny and taxonomy of Potamotrygonocotyle Mayes, Brooks & Thorson, 1981 (Monogenoidea: Monocotylidae) with a description of four new species. Journal of Helminthology 85, 353380.
García-Varela, M., Pérez-Ponce de Léon, G., Aznar, F.J. & Nadler, S.A. (2013) Phylogenetic relationship among genera of Polymorphidae (Acanthocephala), inferred from nuclear and mitochondrial gene sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 68, 176184.
García-Varela, M., Sereno-Uribe, A.L., Pinacho-Pinacho, C.D., Domínguez-Domínguez, O. & Pérez-Ponce de León, G. (2016) Molecular and morphological characterization of Austrodiplostomum ostrowskiae Dronen, 2009 (Digenea: Diplostomatidae), a parasite of cormorants in the Americas. Journal of Helminthology 90, 174185.
George-Nascimento, M. & Oliva, M.E. (2015) Fish population studies using parasites from the Southeastern Pacific Ocean: considering host population changes and species body size as sources of variability of parasite communities. Parasitology 142, 2535.
Gibson, D.I., Bray, R.A. & Harris, E.A. (Compilers). (2005) Host–parasite database of the Natural History Museum, London. Available at http://www.nhm.ac.uk/research-curation/scientific-resources/taxonomy-systematics/host-parasites/ (accessed 20 January 2016).
Giese, E.G., Silva, M.V.O., Videira, M.N., Furtado, A.P., Matos, E.R., Gonçalves, E.C., Melo, F.V.T. & Santos, J.N. (2014) Rohdella amazonica n. sp. (Aspidogastrea: Aspidogastridae) from the Amazonian banded puffer fish Colomesus psittacus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801). Journal of Helminthology 88, 16.
Gil de Pertierra, A.A., Arredondo, N., Kuchta, R. & Incorvaia, I.S. (2015) A new species of Bothriocephalus Rudolphi, 1808 (Eucestoda: Bothriocephalidea) from the channel bull blenny Cottoperca gobio (Günther) (Perciformes: Bovichtidae) on the Patagonian shelf off Argentina. Systematic Parasitology 90, 247256.
González, M.T. & Oliva, M.E. (2009) Is the nestedness of metazoan parasite assemblages of marine fishes from the southeastern Pacific coast a pattern associated with the geographical distributional range of the host? Parasitology 136, 401409.
González-Solís, D. & Mariaux, J. (2011) An annotated list of the parasitic nematodes (Nematoda) of freshwater fishes from Paraguay deposited in the Museum of Natural History of Geneva. Revue Suisse de Zoologie 118, 467484.
Hashimoto, G.S.O., Marinho Neto, F., Ruiz, M.L., Acchile, M., Chagas, E.D., Chaves, F.C.M. & Martins, M.L. (2016) Essential oils of Lippia sidoides and Mentha piperita against monogenean parasites and their influence on the hemathology of Nile tilapia . Aquaculture 450, 182186.
Irigoitia, M.M., Cantatore, D.P.M., Delpiani, G.P., Incorvaia, I.S., Lanfranchi, A.L. & Timi, J.T. (2014) Merizocotyle euzeti sp. n. (Monogenea: Monocotylidae) from the nasal tissue of three deep sea skates (Rajidae) in the southwest Atlantic Ocean. Folia Parasitologica 61, 206212.
Jensen, K. & Bullard, S.A. (2010) Characterization of a diversity of tetraphyllidean and rhinebothriidean cestode larval types, with comments on host associations and life-cycles. International Journal for Parasitology 40, 889910.
Justo, M.C.N. & Kohn, A. (2012) A new genus and species of the Didymozoidae (Digenea) from the skipjack tuna Katsuwonus pelamis (L.) (Scombridae). Systematic Parasitology 81, 195201.
Justo, M.C.N. & Kohn, A. (2015) Diversity of Monogenoidea parasitizing scombrid fishes from Rio de Janeiro coast, Brazil. Check List 11, 1628.
Kennedy, C.R. (2006) Ecology of the Acanthocephala. 260 pp. New York, Cambridge University Press.
Kohn, A., Fernandes, B.M.M. & Cohen, S.C. (2007) South American trematodes parasites of fishes. 318 pp. Rio de Janeiro, Editora Imprinta.
Kritsky, D.C., Boeger, W.A., Mendoza-Franco, E.F. & Vianna, R.T. (2013) Neotropical Monogenoidea. 57. Revision and phylogenetic position of Scleroductus Jara & Cone, 1989 (Gyrodactylidae), with descriptions of new species from the Guatemalan chulin Rhamdia guatemalensis (Günther) (Siluriformes: Heptapteridae) in Mexico and the barred sorubim Pseudoplatystoma fasciatum (Linnaeus) (Siluriformes: Pimelodidae) in Brazil. Systematic Parasitology 84, 115.
Kuchta, R. & Scholz, T. (2007) Diversity and distribution of fish tapeworms of the ‘Bothriocephalidea’ (Eucestoda). Parassitologia 49, 129146.
Kuchta, R., Scholz, T. & Bray, R.A. (2008) Revision of the order Bothriocephalidea Kuchta, Scholz, Brabec & Bray, 2008 (Eucestoda) with amended generic diagnoses and keys to families and genera. Systematic Parasitology 71, 81136.
Kuchta, R., Serrano-Martínez, M.E. & Scholz, T. (2015) Pacific broad tapeworm Adenocephalus pacificus as a causative agent of globally reemerging diphyllobothriosis. Emerging Infectious Diseases 21, 16971703.
Lafferty, K.D. (2012) Biodiversity loss decreases parasite diversity: theory and patterns. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 367, 28142827.
Lanfranchi, A.L. & Timi, J.T. (2011). A new species of Heterosentis van Cleave, 1931 (Acanthocephala, Arhythmacanthidae), parasite of pinguipedid fishes in the southwest Atlantic. Journal of Parasitology 97, 111115.
Leão, M.S.L., São Clemente, S.C. & Cohen, S. (2015) Anacanthorus toledoensis n. sp. and Mymarothecium ianwhittingtoni n. sp. (Dactylogyridae: Monogenoidea) parasitizing cage-reared Piaractus mesopotamicus (Characiformes, Characidae) in the State of Paraná. Comparative Parasitology 82, 269274.
Lisitsyna, O., Scholz, T. & Kuchta, R. (2015) Sharpilosentis peruviensis n. g., n. sp. (Acanthocephala: Diplosentidae) from freshwater catfishes (Siluriformes) in Amazonia. Systematic Parasitology 91, 147155.
Locke, S.A., McLaughlin, J.D., Lapierre, A.R., Johnson, P.T.J. & Marcogliese, D.J. (2011) Linking larvae and adults of Apharyngostrigea cornu, Hysteromorpha triloba, and Alaria mustelae (Diplostomoidea: Digenea) using molecular data. Journal of Parasitology 97, 846851.
Locke, S.A., Al-Nasiri, F.S., Caffara, M., Drago, F., Kalbe, M., Lapierre, A.R., McLaughlin, J.D., Nie, P., Overstreet, R.M., Souza, G.T., Takemoto, R.M. & Marcogliese, D.J. (2015) Diversity, specificity and speciation in larval Diplostomidae (Platyhelminthes: Digenea) in the eyes of freshwater fish, as revealed by DNA barcodes. International Journal for Parasitology 45, 841855.
Luque, J.L. & Poulin, R. (2004) Use of fish as intermediate hosts by helminth parasites: a comparative analysis. Acta Parasitologica 49, 353361.
Luque, J.L. & Poulin, R. (2007) Metazoan parasite species richness in Neotropical fishes: hotspots and the geography of biodiversity. Parasitology 134, 865878.
Luque, J.L. & Poulin, R. (2008) Linking ecology with parasite diversity in Neotropical fishes. Journal of Fish Biology 72, 189204.
Luque, J.L., Mouillot, D. & Poulin, R. (2004) Parasite biodiversity and its determinants in coastal marine teleost fishes of Brazil. Parasitology 128, 671682.
Luque, J.L., Cordeiro, A.S. & Oliva, M.E. (2010) Metazoan parasites as biological tags for stock discrimination of Whitemouth croaker Micropogonias furnieri . Journal of Fish Biology 76, 591600.
Luque, J.L., Aguiar, J.C., Vieira, F.M., Gibson, D.I. & Santos, C.P. (2011) Checklist of Nematoda associated with the fishes of Brazil. Zootaxa 3082, 188.
Madhavi, R. (2008) Family Monorchiidae Odhner, 1911. pp. 145176 in Bray, R.A., Gibson, D.I. & Jones, A. (Eds) Keys to the Trematoda. Vol. 3. Wallingford, CAB International.
Mafra, C., Mantovani, C., Borges, J.N., Barcelos, R.M. & Santos, C.P. (2015) Morphological and molecular diagnosis of Pseudoterranova decipiens (sensu stricto) (Anisakidae) in imported cod sold in Brazil. Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Parasitology 24, 209215.
Manter, H.W. (1940) Digenetic trematodes of fishes from the Galapagos Islands and the neighboring Pacific. Allan Hancock Pacific Expeditions 2, 325497.
Marques, F.P.L. & Reyda, F.B. (2015) Rhinebothrium jaimei sp. n. (Eucestoda: Rhinebothriidea: Rhinebothriidae) a new species from Neotropical freshwater stingrays (Potamotrygonidae). Folia Parasitologica 62, 057.
Marques, F., Brooks, D.R. & Barriga, R. (1997) Six species of Acanthobothrium (Eucestoda: Tetraphyllidea) in stingrays (Chondrichthyes: Rajiformes: Myliobatoidei) from Ecuador. Journal of Parasitology 83, 475484.
Marques, F.P.L., Jensen, K. & Caira, J.N. (2012) Ahamulina n. gen. (Cestoda: Diphyllidea) from the polkadot catshark, Scyliorhinus besnardi (Carcharhiniformes: Scyliorhinidae), off Brazil. Zootaxa 3352, 5159.
Mason, P. (2012) Der Liebe zur Naturgeschichte halber. Johann Natterers Reisen in Brasilien 1817–1836. Journal of the History Collections 24, 278279.
Mason, P. (2015) Die Erkundung Brasiliens. Friedrich Sellows unvollendete Reise. Journal of the History Collections 28, 152154.
Mello, G.L., Jerônimo, G.T., Tancredo, K.R., Brol, J., Almeida, E.J., Martins, M.L. & Tsuzuki, M.Y. (2015) Development and health status of Centropomus undecimalis parasitized by Rhabdosynochus rhabdosynochus (Monogenea) under different salinity and temperature conditions. Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Parasitology 24, 350356.
Melo, F.T.V., Costa, P.A.F.B., Giese, E.G., Gardner, S.L. & Santos, J.N. (2013a) A description of Neoechinorhynchus (Neoechinorhynchus) veropesoi n. sp. (Acanthocephala: Neoechinorhynchidae) from the intestine of the silver croaker fish Plagioscion squamosissimus (Heckel, 1840) (Osteichthyes: Sciaenidae) off the east coast of Brazil. Journal of Helminthology 89, 3451.
Melo, F.T.V., Silva, J.P., Gonçalves, E.C., Furtado, A.P., Giese, E.G. & Santos, C.P. (2013b) Taxonomic status and redescription of the genus Brasicystis Thatcher, 1979 (Digenea: Didymozoidae). Parasitology International 62, 208214.
Mendoza-Palmero, C.A., Blasco-Costa, I. & Scholz, T. (2015) Molecular phylogeny of Neotropical monogeneans (Platyhelminthes: Monogenea) from catfishes (Siluriformes). Parasites & Vectors 8, 164.
Menoret, A. & Ivanov, V.A. (2015) Trypanorhynch cestodes (Eutetrarhynchidae) from batoids along the coast of Argentina, including the description of new species in Dollfusiella Campbell et Beveridge, 1994 and Mecitobothrium Heinz et Dailey, 1974. Folia Parasitologica 62. doi: 10.14411/fp.2015.058.
Miller, T.L., Bray, R.A. & Cribb, T.H. (2011) Taxonomic approaches to and interpretation of host specificity of trematodes of fishes: lessons from the Great Barrier Reef. Parasitology 138, 17101722.
Miloslavich, P., Klein, E., Díaz, J.M., Hernandez, C.E., Bigatti, G., Campos, L., Artigas, F., Castillo, J., Penchaszadeh, P., Neill, P., Carranza, A., Retana, M., Díaz de Astarloa, J.M., Lewis, M., Yorio, P., Piriz, M., Rodriguez, G., Yoneshigue-Valentin, Y., Gamboa, L. & Martín, A. (2011) Marine biodiversity in the Atlantic and Pacific Coasts of South America: knowledge and gaps. PLoS ONE 6, e14631.
Mizelle, J.D. & Kritsky, D.C. (1969a) Studies on monogenetic trematodes. XXXIX. Exotic species of Monopisthocotylea with the proposal of Archidiplectanum gen. n. and Longihaptor gen. n. American Midland Naturalist 81, 370386.
Mizelle, J.D. & Kritsky, D.C. (1969b) Studies on monogenetic trematodes. XL. New species from marine and freshwater fishes. American Midland Naturalist 82, 417428.
Mizelle, J.D. & Price, C.E. (1965). Studies on monogenetic trematodes. XXVIII. Gill parasites of the piranha with proposal of Anacanthorus gen. n. Journal of Parasitology 51, 3036.
Mizelle, J.D., Kritsky, D.C. & Crane, J.W. (1968) Studies on monogenetic trematodes. XXXVIII. Ancyrocephalinae from South America with the proposal of Jainus gen. n. American Midland Naturalist 80, 186198.
Moravec, F. (1998) Nematodes of freshwater fishes of the Neotropical region. 464 pp. Praha, Academia.
Moravec, F. & Thatcher, V.E. (1999) Myleusnema brasiliense sp. n. (Nematoda: Kathlaniidae), a new intestinal parasite of the serrasalmid fish Myleus sp. in Brazil. Folia Parasitologica 46, 216220.
Muñoz, G. & Olmos, V. (2007) Revisión bibliográfica de especies ectoparásitas y hospedadoras de sistemas acuáticos de Chile. Revista de Biología Marina y Oceanografía 42, 89148.
Muñoz, G. & Olmos, V. (2008) Revisión bibliográfica de especies endoparásitas y hospedadoras de sistemas acuáticos de Chile. Revista de Biología Marina y Oceanografía 43, 173245.
Oliva, M.E., Sepulveda, F.A. & González, M.T. (2014) Parapedocotyle prolatili gen. n. et sp. n., a representative of a new subfamily of the Diclidophoridae (Monogenea), a gill parasite of Prolatilus jugularis (Teleostei: Pinguipedidae) from Chile. Folia Parasitologica 61, 543548.
Oliva, M.E., Valdivia, I.M., Chavez, R.A., Molina, H. & Cárdenas, L. (2015) Molecular and morphological evidence demonstrating two species of Helicometrina Linton, 1910 (Digenea: Opecoelidae) in Northern Chile. Journal of Parasitology 101, 694700.
Oliva, M.E., Espinola, J.M. & Ñacari, L.A. (2016) Metazoan parasites of Brama australis from Southern Chile: a tool for stock discrimination. Journal of Fish Biology 88, 11431148.
Ostrowski de Núñez, M. (1994) Lothar Szidat (1892–1973). Systematic Parasitology 27, 7778.
Ostrowski de Núñez, M. & Gil de Pertierra, A.A. (2004) Ciclos Biológicos dulceacuícolas de Digenea (Trematoda) y Proteocephalidea (Cestoda). pp. 215257 in Ranzani-Paiva, M.J.T., Takemoto, R.M. & Lizama, M.A.P. (Eds) Sanidade de organismos aquáticos. São Paulo, Editora Varela.
Palm, H.W. (1997) Trypanorhynch cestodes of commercial fishes from northeast Brazilian coastal waters. Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz 92, 6979.
Pantoja, C.S., Borges, J.N., Santos, C.P. & Luque, J.L. (2015) Molecular and morphological characterization of anisakid nematode larvae from sandperches Pseudopercis numida and Pinguipes brasilianus (Perciformes: Pinguipedidae) off Brazil. Journal of Parasitology 101, 492499.
Pantoja, C.S., Pereira, F.B., Santos, C.P. & Luque, J.L. (2016) Morphology and molecular characterization hold hands: clarifying the taxonomy of Hysterothylacium (Nematoda: Anisakidae) larval forms. Parasitology Research. doi: 10.1007/s00436-016-5221-0.
Paschoal, F., Cezar, A.D. & Luque, J.L. (2015) Checklist of metazoan associated with grunts (Perciformes, Haemulidae) from the Nearctic and Neotropical regions. Check List 11, 123.
Paschoal, F., Scholz, T., Tavares-Dias, M. & Luque, J.L. (2016) Dactylogyrids (Monogenea) parasitic in cichlids from northern Brazil, with description of two new species of Sciadicleitrhum and new host and geographical records. Acta Parasitologica 61, 158164.
Pereira, F.B., Tavares, L.E.R., Scholz, T. & Luque, J.L. (2015a) A morphological and molecular study of two species of Raphidascaroides Yamaguti, 1941 (Nematoda: Anisakidae), parasites of doradid catfish (Siluriformes) in South America, with a description of R . moraveci n. sp. Systematic Parasitology 91, 4961.
Pereira, F.B., Tavares, L.E.R., Paiva, F., Scholz, T. & Luque, J.L. (2015b) A morphological and molecular study of Spectatus spectatus (Kathlaniidae), including redescription of the species and amendment of genus diagnosis. Journal of Parasitology 101, 468475.
Pérez-del-Olmo, A., Kostadinova, A. & Gibson, D.I. (2016) The Mediterranean: high discovery rates for a well-studied trematode fauna. Systematic Parasitology 93, 249256.
Petter, A.J. (1984) Nématodes de poissons du Paraguay II. Habronematoidea (Spirurida): Description de 4 espèces nouvelles de la famille des Cystidicolidae. Revue Suisse de Zoologie 91, 935952.
Petter, A.J. & Cassone, J. (1984) Nématodes de poissons du Paraguay I. Ascaridoidea: Sprentascaris n. gen. Revue Suisse de Zoologie 91, 617634.
Poulin, R. (2004) Macroecological patterns of species richness in parasite assemblage. Basic and Applied Ecology 5, 423434.
Poulin, R. (2014) Parasite biodiversity revisited: frontiers and constraints. International Journal for Parasitology 44, 581589.
Poulin, R. (2016) Greater diversification of freshwater than marine parasites of fish. International Journal for Parasitology 46, 275279.
Poulin, R. & Luque, J.L. (2003) A general test of the interactive–isolationist continuum in parasite communities of fish. International Journal for Parasitology 33, 16231630.
Poulin, R., Luque, J.L., Guilhaumon, F. & Mouillot, D. (2008) Species abundance distributions and numerical dominance in gastrointestinal helminth communities of fish hosts. Journal of Helminthology 82, 193202.
Quintana, M.G. & Ostrowski de Núñez, M.C. (2016) The life cycle of Neocladocystis intestinalis (Vaz, 1932) (Digenea: Cryptogonimidae), in Aylacostoma chloroticum (Prosobranchia: Thiaridae), and Salminus brasiliensis (Characiformes: Characidae) in Argentina. Parasitology Research 115, 25892595.
Rego, A.A., Chubb, J.C. & Pavanelli, G.C. (1999) Cestodes in South American freshwater teleost fishes: keys to genera and brief description of species. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia 16, 299367.
Reis, R.E. (2013) Conserving the freshwater fishes of South America. International Zoo Yearbook 47, 6570.
Rosser, T.G., Alberson, N.R., Khoo, L.H., Woodyard, E.T., Pote, L.M. & Griffin, M.J. (2016) Characterization of the life cycle of a fish eye fluke, Austrodiplostomum ostrowskiae (Digenea: Diplostomidae), with notes on two other diplostomids infecting Biomphalaria obstructa (Mollusca: Planorbidae) from catfish aquaculture ponds in Mississippi, USA. Journal of Parasitology 102, 260274.
Rozas, M., Bohle, H., Sandoval, A., Ildefonso, R., Navarrete, A. & Bustos, P. (2012) First molecular identification of Diphyllobothrium dendriticum plerocercoids from feral rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) in Chile. Journal of Parasitology 98, 12201226.
Rudolphi, C.A. (1819) Entozoorum synopsis cui accerunt mantissa duplex et indices lolupletissimi. 811 pp. Berolini.
Santos, C.P., Gibson, D.I., Tavares, L.E.R. & Luque, J.L. (2008) Checklist of Acanthocephala associated with the fishes of Brazil. Zootaxa 1938, 122.
Santos Neto, J.F., Rodrigues, A.R.O. & Domingues, M.V. (2015) Proposal Whittingtonocotyle n. gen. (Dactylogyroidea: Dactylogyridae), with the description of two new species from the gills of Hoplerythrinus unitaeniatus (Characiformes: Erythrinidae) in Brazil. Zootaxa 3837, 191200.
Sardella, N.H., Mattiucci, S., Timi, J.T., Bastida, R.O., Rodríguez, D.H. & Nascetti, G. (2005) Corynosoma austral Johnston, 1937 and C. cetaceum Johnston & Best, 1942 (Acanthocephala: Polymorphidae) from marine mammals and fishes in Argentinian waters: allozyme markers and taxonomic status. Systematic Parasitology 61, 143156.
Scholz, T. & Choudhury, A. (2015) Parasites of freshwater fishes in North America: why so neglected? Journal of Parasitology 100, 2645.
Sepúlveda, F.A., González, M.T. & Oliva, M.E. (2014) Two new species of Encotyllabe (Monogenea: Capsalidae) based on morphometric and molecular evidence: parasites of two inshore fish species of Northern Chile. Journal of Parasitology 100, 344349.
Soares, B.V., Neves, L.R., Oliveira, M.S.B., Chaves, S.C.M., Dias, M.K.R., Chagas, E.C. & Tavares-Dias, M. (2016) Antiparasitic activity of the essential oil of Lippia alba on ectoparasites of Colossoma macropomum (tambaqui) and its physiological and histopathological effects. Aquaculture 452, 107114.
Soares, I.A. & Luque, J.L. (2015) Seasonal variability of the composition and structure of parasite communities of red porgy, Pagrus pagrus (Perciformes: Sparidae) off Brazil. Helminthologia 52, 236242.
Spalding, M.D., Fox, H.E., Halpern, B.S., McManus, M.A., Molnar, J., Allen, G.R., Davidson, N., Ferdaña, Z.A., Finlayson, M., Halpern, B.S., Jorge, M.A., Lombana, A., Lourie, S.A., Martin, K.D., McManus, E., Molnar, J., Recchia, C.A. & Robertson, J. (2007) Marine ecoregions of the world: a bioregionalization of coastal and shelf areas. Bioscience 57, 573583.
Takemoto, R.M., Pavanelli, G.C., Lizama, M.A.P., Luque, J.L. & Poulin, R. (2005). Host population density as the major determinant of endoparasite species richness in floodplain fishes of the upper Paraná River, Brazil. Journal of Helminthology 79, 7584.
Tavares, L.E.R. & Luque, J.L. (2006) Sistemática, Biologia e importância em saúde coletiva de larvas de Anisakidae (Nematoda: Ascaridoidea) parasitas de peixes ósseos marinhos do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. pp. 297328 in Silva-Souza, A.T. (Ed.) Sanidade de organismos aquáticos no Brasil. Maringá, Paraná, Brasil, Abrapoa.
Thatcher, V.E. (2006) Amazon fish parasites. 2nd edn. Sofia–Moscow, Pentsoft.
Timi, J.T. & Poulin, R. (2003) Parasite community structure within and across host populations of a marine pelagic fish: how repeatable is it? International Journal for Parasitology 33, 13531362.
Timi, J.T. & Poulin, R. (2008) Different methods, different results: temporal trends in the study of nested subset patterns in parasite communities. Parasitology 135, 131138.
Timi, J.T., Rossin, M.A. & Lanfranchi, A.L. (2006) A new species of Capillaria (Nematoda: Capillariidae) parasitizing Conger orbgnianus (Pisces: Congridae) from Argentina. Journal of Parasitology 92, 628630.
Timi, J.T., Lanfranchi, A.L., Tavares, L.E.R. & Luque, J.L. (2009) A new species of Dichelyne (Nematoda, Cucullanidae) parasitizing sciaenid fishes from off the South American Atlantic coast. Acta Parasitologica 54, 4552.
Timi, J.T., Luque, J.L. & Poulin, R. (2010) Host ontogeny and the temporal decay of similarity in parasite communities of marine fish. International Journal for Parasitology 40, 963968
Timi, J.T., Paoletti, M., Cimmarutta, R., Lanfranchi, A.L., Alarcos, A.J., Garbin, L., George-Nascimento, M., Rodriguez, D., Giardino, G.V. & Mattiucci, S. (2014) Molecular identification, morphological characterization and new insights into the ecology of larval Pseudoterranova cattani in fishes from the Argentine coast with its differentiation from the Atlantic species P. decipiens (Nematoda: Anisakidae). Veterinary Parasitology 199, 5972.
Vianna, R.T., Boeger, W.A. & Dove, A.D.M. (2007) Neotropical Monogenoidea. 51. Scutalatus magniancoratus gen. et sp. n. (Gyrodactylidae) from the South-American electric eel, Electrophorus electricus (Gymnotidae, Gymnotiformes), and redescription of Mormyrogyrodactylus gemini from the African bulldog, Marcusenius macrolepidotus (Mormyridae, Osteoglossiformes). Acta Zoologica 88, 8994.
Vianna, R.T., Boeger, W.A. & Silva-Souza, A.T. (2008) Neotropical Monogenoidea. 52. Diechodactylus joaberi n. g., n. sp. from the banded knifefish Gymnotus carapo (Gymnotiformes: Gymnotidae) in southeastern Brazil. Systematic Parasitology 69, 4550.
Vieira, F.M., Felizardo, N.N. & Luque, J.L. (2009) A new species of Heterosentis van Cleave, 1931 (Acanthocephala: Arhythmacanthidae) parasitic in Pseudopercis numida Miranda Ribeiro, 1903 (Perciformes: Pinguipedidae) from southeastern Brazilian coastal zone. Journal of Parasitology 95, 747750.
Vieira, F.M., Pereira, F.B., Pantoja, C., Soares, I.A., Pereira, A.N., Timi, J.T., Scholz, T. & Luque, J.L. (2015) A survey of nematodes of the genus Cucullanus Müller, 1777 (Nematoda, Seuratoidea) parasitic in marine fishes off Brazil, including description of three new species. Zootaxa 4039, 289311.
Weaver, H.J. & Smales, L.R. (2014) Two species of Acanthocephala (Rhadinorhynchidae and Transvenidae) from elasmobranchs from Australia. Comparative Parasitology 81, 110113.
Womble, M.R., Orélis-Ribeiro, R. & Bullard, S.A. (2016) New species of Proterometra (Digenea: Azygiidae) and its life cycle in the Chickasawhay River, Mississippi, USA, with supplemental observations of Proterometra autraini . Parasitology International 65, 3143.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of Helminthology
  • ISSN: 0022-149X
  • EISSN: 1475-2697
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-helminthology
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed