Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
×
Home

On the Bionomics of the Vinegar Eelworm

  • B. G. Peters (a1)
Extract

From considerations of previous work on the vinegar eelworm, and from the writer's experiments, it is concluded that:

I.—Concerning physical and chemical stimuli:

(a) The worm has very little need of oxygen, but displays a negative geotaxis which is independent of dissolved oxygen as a stimulus.

(b) It tolerates temperatures between 0° and 35°, can survive short intervals at 20°, and can live for several days at 37°. It is practically indifferent to light.

(c) The worm and its larvæ are very susceptible to drying, surviving only a few minutes a thorough desiccation from water.

(d) The toleration limits for hydrogen ion concentration are pH: 1·6 on the acid side and about pH : 11 on the alkaline side.

(e) So far as can be ascertained, the worm tends to make the medium in which it lives slightly but permanently more acid than it would otherwise be.

(f) It is very sensitive to iodine, ammonia and chloroform, but is extraordinarily resistant to most chemical substances, including acidity indicators and buffer solutions.

(g) It can be grown in most culture media, and has been cultured aseptically by Zimmermann, who finds that either bacteria (living or dead) or an unknown substance from the autolysate of yeast is essential as food.

Copyright
References
Hide All
Borellus, Petrus, 1656.—“Observationum Microcospicarum Centuria” (3rd part of “De vero Telescopii Inventore…”), pp. 145 (Hagæomitum).
Clark, W. M., and Lubs, H. A., 1917.—“The Colorimetric Determination ofHydrogen Ion Concentration and its applications in Bacteriology," Journ. Bad., 11, Part 1, p. 1; Part 2, p. 109; Part 3, p. 191.
Conte, A., 1900A.—“De l'lnfluence du Milieu nutritif sur le Déloppement des Nétodes libres,Comp. Rend. Soc, de Bio!., Paris, LII, pp. 374375.
Conte, A., 1900B.—“Sur les Conditions de Ponte des Nematodes,Comp. Rend. Soc. De Biol., Paris, LII, pp. 375376.
Davaine, C, 1865.—“Recherches sur l'Anguillule du Vinaigre (Rhabditis aceti, Dujardin),Comp. Rend, de l'Acad. d. Sci., Paris, LXI, pp. 259262.
Dujardin, M. F., 1845.—“Histoire naturelle des Helminthes,” pp. 239244 (Paris).
Goeze, J., 1774.—“Mikroskopische Erfahrungen iiber die Essigaale,Natiirforscher, I, pp. 153.
Hansen, E. C, 1889.—“Ueberdie in dem Schleimflusse lebender Bäume beobachteten Mikroorganismen,Centralbl. f. Bakt. u. Parasit., V., pp. 632640, 663–667, 693–696.
Henneberg, W., 1900.—“Zur Biologie des Essigaales (Anguillula aceti),Centralbl. f. Bakt., Parasit. u. Infekt. (Jena), Abt. 2, VI, pp. 180–184. (Abstract by Henneberg of his own articles in Deutsche Essigindustrie, 1899, Nos. 45–52; 1900, Nos. 1–5; 10 figs. (Berlin).)
Hogg, J., 1863.—" The Vinegar Eel,Pop. Sci. Rev., London, II, pp. 213219, 7 figs.
Imms, A. D., 1925.—"A General Textbook of Entomology," pp. 68, 152, 602, 646 (London).
Kling, A., et Lassieur, M. et Mme, A., 1922.—“Appareil pour la Dérmination de la Concentration d'une Solution en Ions hydrogénes; Application ä Recherche des Acidcs minéraux dans le Vinaigre,Compt. rend., Paris, No. 174. p. 165.
Lindner, G., 1889.—“Studien iiber die Biologie und hygienische Bedeutung der im Essig lebenden Nematoden,Centralbl. f. Bakt. u. Parasit., Jena, VI, pp. 633638, 663–668, 694–698.
LinnÆs, C, 1767.—“Systema Naturæ12th edition, p. 1326 (Holmiae).
Loeb, J., 1918.—“Forced Movements, ropisms, and Animal Conduct” (Philadelphia and London).
Ludwig, F., 1886.—“Ueber Alkoholg㧲ung und Schleimfluss lebender Bäume,Hedwigia, XXV, pp. 168172.
Man, J. G. DE 1910.—“Beiträge zur Kenntnis der in dem weissen Schleimfluss der Eichen lebenden Anguilluliden,Zool. Jahrb. {Abt. f. Syst.), XXIX, pp 359394.
Mitchell, C. A., 1916.—“Vinegar—its Manufacture and Examination” (London).
Müller, O. F., 1783.—“Anmerkungen beym Durchlesen einiger Aufsätze in dem 10 ersten Stucken des Naturforschers,Naturforscher, XIX, pp. 161163.
Ogilvie, L., 1924.—“Observations on the ‘Slime Fluxes’ of Trees,Trans. Brit. Mycol. Soc., IX, pp. 167182.
Pallecchi, T., 1893.—“Sulla Resistenza vitale dell' Anguillula dell' Aceto,Atti d. Soc. Ligust. d. Set. Nat. e Geogr. Genova, IV, pp. 332343.
Peters, B. G., 1927a.—“On the Nomenclature of the Vinegar Eelworm,Journ. Helm., V, pp. 133142.
Peters, B. G., 1927b.—“On the Anatomy of the Vinegar Eelwonn,Journ. Helm., V, pp.
Rio, A. Del, 1898.—“Sobre la Anguillula del Vinagre,Rev. Chilena de Hij., Santiago de Chile, IV, pp. 6266.
Unwin, E. E., 1907.—“The Vinegar Fly (Drosophila funebris),Trans. Ent. Soc. London, pp. 285302.
Zimmermann, A., 1921.—“Recherches expémentales sur l'Elevage aseptiquc de l'Anguillule du Vinaigre,Rev. Suisse de Zool., XXVIII, pp. 357380.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of Helminthology
  • ISSN: 0022-149X
  • EISSN: 1475-2697
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-helminthology
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed