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The Snail Hosts of Certain Paramphistomatidae and Gastrothylacidae (Trematoda) Discovered by the Late Dr. P. L. LeRoux in Africa

  • J. A. Dinnik (a1)

A study of several samples of young conical flukes reared from metacercariae obtained by the late Dr. P. L. LeRoux from certain fresh water snails has resulted in the following findings.

It appears that the species which caused the severe intestinal paramphistomiasis amongst sheep described by LeRoux (1930) in South Africa was Paramphistomum microbothrium Fischoeder, not Cotylophoron cotyhphorum (Fischoeder) as was thought at the time and subsequently repeated in all the text books and reviews on paramphistomiasis published afterwards.

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Arfaa, F., 1962.—“A study on Paramphistomum microbothrium in Khuzistan S.W. Iran.” Ann. Parasit. hum. comp., 37, 549555.
Dinnik, J. A. and Dinnik, N. N., 1954.—“The life cycle of Paramphistomum microbothrium Fischoeder, 1901. (Trematoda, Paramphistomidae.)Parasitology, 44, 225299.
Dinnik, J. A., Dinnik, N. N., 1962.—“The growth of Paramphistomum microbothrium Fischoeder to maturity and its longevity in cattle,” Bull. epiz. Dis. Afr., 10, 2731.
Fischoeder, F., 1903.—“Die Paramphistomiden der Sãugetiere.” Zool. Jahrb. (Syst.), 17, 485660.
Gretillat, S., 1962.—“Carmyerius papillatus n.sp. et Carmyerius parvipapillatus n.sp. (Trematoda, Gastrothylacidae) parasites des reservoirs gastriques de 1'antilope Kobus defassa Rupp.” Ann. Parasit. hum. comp., 37, 121139.
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Leroux, P. L., 1930.—“A preliminary communication on the life cycle of Cotylophoron cotylophorum and its pathogenicity for sheep and cattle.” 16th Report of the Director of Vet. Services and Animal Ind. U.S. Afr., 243254.
Leroux, P. L., 1957.—“Report to the Government of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland on the control of parasitic diseases in livestock.” FAO. Report No. 696, Rome, 147.
Looss, A., 1896.—“Récherches sur la faune parasitaire de l'Egypt.” Cairo, 1252.
Looss, A., 1912.—“Uber den Bau einiger ausscheinend seltner Trematoden Arten.” Zool. Jahrb., Suppl. 15, 343361.
Maplestone, P. A., 1923.—“A revision of the Amphistomata of mammals.” Ann. trop. Med. Parasit., 17, 113205.
Nasmark, K. E., 1937.—“A revision of the trematode family Paramphistomidae.” Zool. Bidrag Fran Uppsala, 16, 301565.
Stiles, CH. W. and Goldberger, J., 1910.—“A study of the anatomy of Watsonius (n.g.) watsoni of man and of nineteen allied species of mammalian trematode worms of the superfamily Paramphistomoidea.” Hyg. Lab. Bull. No. 60, Wash., 1260.
Swart, P. J. and Reinecke, R. K., 1962.—“Studies on Paramphistomiasis: I. The propagation of Bulinus tropicus Krauss 1848.” Onderslepoort J. Vet. Research, 29, 183197.
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Journal of Helminthology
  • ISSN: 0022-149X
  • EISSN: 1475-2697
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-helminthology
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