Abramowicz, M. (2016) ‘Cryptocurrency-based law’, Arizona Law Review, 58 (2): 359–420.
Alchian, A. (1983) ‘Reminiscences of errors’, in Benjamin, D. (ed.) Collected Works of Armen A. Alchian, Vol. 2. Liberty Fund, Indianapolis.
Alchian, A. and Demsetz, H. (1972) ‘Production, information costs, and economic organisation’, American Economic Review, 62 (5): 777–95.
Allen, D. (2011) The Institutional Revolution. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL.
Atzori, M. (2015) ‘Blockchain technology and decentralized governance: is the state still necessary?’ Available at https://ssrn.com/abstract=2709713 (accessed 30 April 2017).
Böhme, R., Christin, N., Edelman, B. and Moore, T. (2015) ‘Bitcoin: economics, technology, governance’, Journal of Economic Perspectives, 29 (2): 213–38.
Bresnahan, T. and Trajtenberg, M. (1995) ‘General purpose technologies: engines of growth?’ Journal of Econometrics, 65 (1): 83–108.
Coase, R. (1937) ‘The nature of the firm’, Economica, 4 (16): 386–405.
Coase, R. (1960) ‘The problem of social cost’, Journal of Law and Economics, 3: 1–44.
De Long, J. (1991) ‘Did J. P. Morgan's men add value? An economist's perspective on financial capitalism’, in Klein, D. (1997), Reputation. University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor, MI.
Evans, D. (2014) ‘Economic aspects of Bitcoin and other decentralised public-ledger currency platforms’, working paper #68, Coase-Sandor Institute for Law and Economics, University of Chicago, IL.
Hart, O. (1989) ‘An economists perspective on the theory of the firm’, Columbia Law Review, 89 (7): 1757–74.
Hart, O. and Moore, J., (1990) ‘Property rights and the nature of the firm’, Journal of Political Economy, 98 (6): 1119–58.
Hayek, F. A. (1945) ‘The use of knowledge in society’, American Economic Review, 35 (4): 519–30.
Hodgson, G. (2004) ‘Opportunism is not the only reason why firms exist: why an explanatory emphasis on opportunism may mislead management strategy’, Industrial and Corporate Change, 13 (2): 401–18.
Hodgson, G. (1998) ‘The approach of institutional economics’, Journal of Economic Literature, 36 (1): 166–92.
Hodgson, G. (2015) Conceptualizing Capitalism. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL.
Hodgson, G. and Knudsen, T. (2010) Darwin's Conjecture. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL.
Jensen, M. and Meckling, W. (1976) ‘Theory of the firm: managerial behavior, agency costs and ownership structure’, Journal of Financial Economics, 3 (4): 305–60.
Klein, B. and Leffler, K. (1981) ‘The role of market forces in assuring contractual performance’, in Klein, D. (1997) Reputation. University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor.
Klein, D. (ed) (1997) Reputation. University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor.
Langlois, R. (1995) ‘Capabilities and coherence in firms and markets’, in Montgomery, C. (ed.) Resource-based and Evolutionary Theories of the Firm. Kluwer, Boston, MA, pp. 71–100.
Larimer, D., Scott, N., Zavgorodnev, V., Johnson, B., Calfee, J. and Vandeberg, M. (2016) ‘Steem: An incentivised blockchain-based social media platform’, available at https://steem.io/SteemWhitePaper.pdf (accessed 30 April 2017).
Lipsey, R., Carlaw, K. and Bekhar, C. (2005) Economic Transformations. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Mills, D., Wang, K., Malone, B., Ravi, A., Marquardt, J., Chen, C., Badev, A., Brezinski, T., Fahy, L., Liao, K., Kargenian, V., Ellithorpe, M., Ng, W. and Baird, M. (2016) ‘Distributed ledger technology in payments, clearing, and settlement’, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, Washington, available at https://doi.org/10.17016/FEDS.2016.095 (accessed 30 April 2017).
Narayanan, A., Bonneau, J., Felton, E., Miller, A. and Goldfeder, S. (2016) Bitcoin and Cryptocurrency Technologies. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ.
Nelson, R. and Sampat, B. (2001) ‘Making sense of institutions as a factor shaping economic performance’, Journal of Economic Behavior and Organisation, 44 (1): 31–54.
Nooteboom, B. (2002) Trust. Edward Elgar, Cheltenham.
North, D. (1990) Institutions, Institutional Change, and Economic Performance. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, MA.
Nussbaum, F. (1933) A History of the Economic Institutions of Modern Europe. Crofts, New York.
Olson, M. (1993) ‘Dictatorship, democracy and development’, American Political Science Review, 87 (3): 567–76.
Ostrom, E. (1990) Governing the Commons. Cambridge University Press, New York.
Ostrom, E. (2005) Understanding Institutional Diversity. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ.
Perez, C. (2009) ‘Technological revolutions and techno-economic paradigms’, Cambridge Journal of Economics, 34 (1): 185–202.
Pilkington, M. (2016) ‘Blockchain technology: Principles and applications’, in Olleros, F. and Zhegu, M. (eds) Research Handbook on Digital Transformations. Edward Elgar, Cheltenham.
Reijers, W., O'Brolchain, F. and Haynes, P. (2016) ‘Governance in blockchain technologies and social contract theories’, Ledger, 1 (1): 134–51.
Schotter, A. (2008) The Economic Theory of Social Institutions. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Scott, J. (1998) Seeing Like a State. Yale University Press, New Haven, CT.
Stringham, E. (2015) Private Governance. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Swan, M. (2015) Blockchain. O'Reilly Media, Sebastopol, CA.
Tapscott, D. and Tapscott, A. (2016) Blockchain Revolution. Penguin, New York.
Tirole, J. (1999) ‘Incomplete contracts: where do we stand?’ Econometrica, 67 (4): 741–81.
Walport, M. [Chief Scientific Officer] (2016) ‘Distributed ledger technology: beyond blockchain’, Government Office for Science, London.
White, L. (2015) ‘The market for cryptocurrencies’, Cato Journal, 35 (2): 383–402.
Williamson, O. (1979) ‘Transaction cost economics: the governance of contractual relations’, Journal of Law and Economics, 22 (2): 233–61.
Williamson, O. (1985) The Economic Institutions of Capitalism. Free Press, New York.
Williamson, O. (1991) ‘Comparative economic organisation: the analysis of discrete structural alternatives’, Administrative Science Quarterly, 36 (2): 269–96.
Wood, G. (2014c) ‘Ethereum: a secure decentralized generalized transaction ledger’, available at http://gavwood.com/Paper.pdf (accessed 30 April 2017). Wright, A. and de Filippi, P. (2015) ‘Decentralized blockchain technology and the rise of lex cryptographia’, available at http://ssrn.com/abstract=2580664 (accessed 30 April 2017).
Yamey, B. (1949) ‘Scientific bookkeeping and the rise of capitalism’, Economic History Review 1 (2/3): 99–121.