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Effect of bidi smoking on nasal mucociliary clearance: a comparative study

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  20 November 2018

B Paul
Affiliation:
Department of Public Health Dentistry, Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Manipal, Mahe, India
S S Menon
Affiliation:
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, Mahe, India
R Vasthare
Affiliation:
Department of Public Health Dentistry, Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Manipal, Mahe, India
R Balakrishnan
Affiliation:
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, Mahe, India
S Acharya
Affiliation:
Department of Public Health Dentistry, Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Manipal, Mahe, India
Corresponding
E-mail address:
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Abstract

Objective

To compare nasal mucociliary clearance in adult non-smokers, cigarette smokers and bidi smokers using the methylene blue dye test.

Methods

The study sample consisted of 20 non-smokers, 20 cigarette smokers and 20 bidi smokers (age range, 20–40 years). A single drop of the methylene blue dye was placed at the anterior end of the inferior turbinate of the participants’ nasal cavity. The distance travelled by the methylene blue in 15 minutes inside the nasal cavity was measured. Nasal mucociliary clearance of the three groups was compared using the Kruskal Wallis test.

Results

Nasal mucociliary clearance was significantly decreased in bidi smokers as compared to cigarette smokers and non-smokers (p < 0.05). Multivariate analysis revealed a significant association between nasal mucociliary clearance and bidi smoking, number of cigarettes or bidis smoked per day, and pack-years (all p < 0.05).

Conclusion

Nasal mucociliary clearance measurement is a simple and useful index for assessing the effect of smoking on the mucociliary activity of nasal mucosa.

Type
Main Articles
Copyright
Copyright © JLO (1984) Limited, 2018 

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Footnotes

Dr S Acharya takes responsibility for the integrity of the content of the paper

References

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