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Ear protection against water-borne infection: an objective evaluation

  • Kyösti Laitakari (a1), Martti Sorri (a1), Tapio Pirilä (a1), Heli Löppönen (a1) and Laila Helisten (a1)...

Eight different ear plug materials were tested, in 5 ears each, in artificial shallow underwater conditions for 30 minutes, in order to determine their efficacy in sealing the ear canals to avoid water-borne infections in ear canals and open middle ears. Most of the plugs tested would meet everyday requirements for protection, but the polymeric foam plugs, treated with petroleum jelly, and moldable plastic materials were most effective in protecting both the middle ear and the ear canal skin.

Corresponding author
Kyösti, Laitakari, Department of Otolaryngology, University of Oulu, SF-90220 Oulu, Finland.
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D. W. Johnson and R. H. Maisel (1981) Objective evaluation of earplugs for control of water-borne infection. Annals of Otology, Rhinology and Laryngology, 90: 8993.

D. W. Johnson , R. H. Mathog and R. H. Maisel (1977) Tympanostomy protection with earplugs. Archives of Otolaryngology, 103: 377380.

S. D. Kasden and M. Robinson (1974) Fabrication of custom-made ear plugs for swimming. Archives of Otolaryngology, 100: 68.

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The Journal of Laryngology & Otology
  • ISSN: 0022-2151
  • EISSN: 1748-5460
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-laryngology-and-otology
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