There is wide variation in UK prescribing practice regarding prophylactic antibiotics for nasal packing in spontaneous epistaxis. There are few published cases of infective complications in such patients.
This prospective study examined 149 consecutive patients admitted to a tertiary otorhinolaryngology centre with spontaneous epistaxis, who underwent nasal packing, over a six-month period. In the first three-month period, 78 patients were routinely prescribed prophylactic antibiotics; in the second three months, 71 patients were not routinely prescribed antibiotics. Exclusion criteria included antibiotics prescribed for unrelated pathology and post-operative epistaxis. Signs and symptoms of acute otitis media, sinusitis and toxic shock syndrome were assessed using clinical examination and a questionnaire.
Fourteen of the 149 patients experienced otalgia, most commonly following posterior nasal packing. No patient in either group had evidence of any infective complication.
We do not recommend the routine prescription of prophylactic antibiotics for patients undergoing nasal packing for spontaneous epistaxis.
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